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Subject[PATCH v2] Prevent crash on unset sysfs group attributes
Do not let the kernel crash when a device is registered with
sysfs while group attributes are not set (aka NULL).

Warn about the offender with some information about the offending
device.

This would warn instead of trying NULL pointer deref like:
BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at
(null) IP: [<ffffffff81152673>] internal_create_group+0x83/0x1a0
PGD 0
Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
CPU 0
Modules linked in:
Pid: 1, comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.4.0-rc1-x86_64 #3 HP ProLiant
DL360 G4 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81152673>] [<ffffffff81152673>]
internal_create_group+0x83/0x1a0 RSP: 0018:ffff88019485fd70 EFLAGS:
00010202 RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX:
0000000000000001 RDX: ffff880192e99908 RSI: ffff880192e99630 RDI:
ffffffff81a26c60 RBP: ffff88019485fdc0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09:
0000000000000000 R10: ffff880192e99908 R11: 0000000000000000 R12:
ffffffff81a16a00 R13: ffff880192e99908 R14: ffffffff81a16900 R15:
0000000000000000 FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff88019bc00000(0000)
knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0:
000000008005003b CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 0000000001a0c000 CR4:
00000000000007f0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7:
0000000000000400 Process swapper/0 (pid: 1, threadinfo
ffff88019485e000, task ffff880194878000) Stack:
ffff88019485fdd0 ffff880192da9d60 0000000000000000 ffff880192e99908
ffff880192e995d8 0000000000000001 ffffffff81a16a00 ffff880192da9d60
0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff88019485fdd0 ffffffff811527be
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff811527be>] sysfs_create_group+0xe/0x10
[<ffffffff81376ca6>] device_add_groups+0x46/0x80
[<ffffffff81377d3d>] device_add+0x46d/0x6a0
...
Signed-off-by: Bruno Prémont <bonbons@linux-vserver.org>
---
On Tue, 3 Apr 2012 09:15:43 Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > > Greg, is this ok for you or should the check be moved out to
> > > calling internal_create_group()?
> >
> > Please put changes in internal_create_group where all of the
> > rest of the checks are.
>
> So you *do* agree that a check in a generic place is useful
> after all? ;-)
>
> > We should do something like:
> > if (!grp->attrs) {
> > WARN(1, "sysfs: idiot subsystem did not include attrs for group: %s/%s\n"
> > kobj->name, grp->name?"":grp->name);
> > return -EINVAL;
> > }
> >
> > As it stands your patch is horrible it leaves sysfs in an
> > inconsistent state. Creating the directory and leaving it
> > there. Not returning an error code. It looks like there are
> > all kinds of weird problems that removing the group or
> > updating the group could get into if we go with your patch.
>
> This is actually a sensible suggestion. Bruno, mind updating
> your patch to do something like this? Assuming Greg agrees with
> putting the check/warning there.

Here come a respin with Eric's suggestion.

In my case it would show the following result:

[ 0.975025] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 0.977507] WARNING: at /data/kernel/linux-2.6-git/fs/sysfs/group.c:72 internal_create_group+0x18c/0x1f0()
[ 0.981932] Hardware name: ProLiant DL360 G4
[ 0.983916] sysfs: attrs not set by subsystem for group: cpu/
[ 0.987030] Modules linked in:
[ 0.988664] Pid: 1, comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.4.0-rc1-x86_64 #6
[ 0.991639] Call Trace:
[ 0.992911] [<ffffffff8104d11a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
[ 0.995903] [<ffffffff8104d1f1>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x41/0x50
[ 0.998593] [<ffffffff8115277c>] internal_create_group+0x18c/0x1f0
[ 1.001366] [<ffffffff8115280e>] sysfs_create_group+0xe/0x10
[ 1.003898] [<ffffffff81376cf6>] device_add_groups+0x46/0x80
[ 1.006955] [<ffffffff81377d8d>] device_add+0x46d/0x6a0
[ 1.009565] [<ffffffff813778e1>] ? device_private_init+0x51/0x90
[ 1.012806] [<ffffffff81a98975>] ? utsname_sysctl_init+0x14/0x14
[ 1.015866] [<ffffffff810a7228>] pmu_dev_alloc+0x98/0xe0
[ 1.018234] [<ffffffff81a98975>] ? utsname_sysctl_init+0x14/0x14
[ 1.021408] [<ffffffff81a989c0>] perf_event_sysfs_init+0x4b/0x9a
[ 1.025517] [<ffffffff810002ad>] do_one_initcall+0x3d/0x170
[ 1.029102] [<ffffffff81a85cbd>] kernel_init+0x12d/0x1be
[ 1.031844] [<ffffffff81a85505>] ? rdinit_setup+0x28/0x28
[ 1.034571] [<ffffffff815f3794>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
[ 1.037734] [<ffffffff81a85b90>] ? start_kernel+0x373/0x373
[ 1.040790] [<ffffffff815f3790>] ? gs_change+0xb/0xb
[ 1.043354] ---[ end trace 319c95c486d7d9cd ]---
[ 1.045536] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 1.047640] WARNING: at /data/kernel/linux-2.6-git/kernel/events/core.c:7144 perf_event_sysfs_init+0x70/0x9a()
[ 1.052595] Hardware name: ProLiant DL360 G4
[ 1.055027] Failed to register pmu: cpu, reason -22
[ 1.057720] Modules linked in:
[ 1.059284] Pid: 1, comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G W 3.4.0-rc1-x86_64 #6
[ 1.062785] Call Trace:
[ 1.064094] [<ffffffff8104d11a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
[ 1.067192] [<ffffffff81a98975>] ? utsname_sysctl_init+0x14/0x14
[ 1.070305] [<ffffffff8104d1f1>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x41/0x50
[ 1.073129] [<ffffffff810a7244>] ? pmu_dev_alloc+0xb4/0xe0
[ 1.075771] [<ffffffff81a989e5>] perf_event_sysfs_init+0x70/0x9a
[ 1.078878] [<ffffffff810002ad>] do_one_initcall+0x3d/0x170
[ 1.081879] [<ffffffff81a85cbd>] kernel_init+0x12d/0x1be
[ 1.084714] [<ffffffff81a85505>] ? rdinit_setup+0x28/0x28
[ 1.087754] [<ffffffff815f3794>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
[ 1.090639] [<ffffffff81a85b90>] ? start_kernel+0x373/0x373
[ 1.093372] [<ffffffff815f3790>] ? gs_change+0xb/0xb
[ 1.096312] ---[ end trace 319c95c486d7d9ce ]---


fs/sysfs/group.c | 6 +++++-
1 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/sysfs/group.c b/fs/sysfs/group.c
index dd1701c..2df555c 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/group.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/group.c
@@ -67,7 +67,11 @@ static int internal_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, int update,
/* Updates may happen before the object has been instantiated */
if (unlikely(update && !kobj->sd))
return -EINVAL;
-
+ if (!grp->attrs) {
+ WARN(1, "sysfs: attrs not set by subsystem for group: %s/%s\n",
+ kobj->name, grp->name ? "" : grp->name);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
if (grp->name) {
error = sysfs_create_subdir(kobj, grp->name, &sd);
if (error)
--
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