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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 06/10] KVM: MMU: fast path of handling guest page fault
On Wed, Apr 25, 2012 at 12:03:48PM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> If the the present bit of page fault error code is set, it indicates
> the shadow page is populated on all levels, it means what we do is
> only modify the access bit which can be done out of mmu-lock
>
> Currently, in order to simplify the code, we only fix the page fault
> caused by write-protect on the fast path
>
> In order to better review, we hold mmu-lock to update spte in this
> patch, the concurrent update will be introduced in the later patch
>
> Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h | 3 +
> 2 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> index e7d8ffe..96a9d5b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -2683,18 +2683,117 @@ exit:
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static bool page_fault_can_be_fast(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
> + u32 error_code)
> +{
> + /*
> + * #PF can be fast only if the shadow page table is present and it
> + * is caused by write-protect, that means we just need change the
> + * W bit of the spte which can be done out of mmu-lock.
> + */
> + if (!(error_code & PFERR_PRESENT_MASK) ||
> + !(error_code & PFERR_WRITE_MASK))
> + return false;
> +
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +static bool
> +fast_pf_fix_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
> + u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
> +{
> + gfn_t gfn;
> +
> + spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + /* The spte has been changed. */
> + if (*sptep != spte)
> + goto exit;
> +
> + gfn = kvm_mmu_page_get_gfn(sp, sptep - sp->spt);
> +
> + *sptep = spte | PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
> + mark_page_dirty(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> +
> +exit:
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);

There was a misunderstanding. The suggestion is to change codepaths that
today assume that a side effect of holding mmu_lock is that sptes are
not updated or read before attempting to introduce any lockless spte
updates.

example)

u64 mask, old_spte = *sptep;

if (!spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte) || (new_spte & mask) == mask)
__update_clear_spte_fast(sptep, new_spte);
else
old_spte = __update_clear_spte_slow(sptep, new_spte);
The local old_spte copy might be stale by the
time "spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte)" reads the writable bit.

example)


VCPU0 VCPU1
set_spte
mmu_spte_update decides fast write
mov newspte to sptep
(non-locked write instruction)
newspte in store buffer

lockless spte read path reads stale value

spin_unlock(mmu_lock)

Depending on the what stale value CPU1 read and what decision it took
this can be a problem, say the new bits (and we do not want to verify
every single case). The spte write from inside mmu_lock should always be
atomic now?

So these details must be exposed to the reader, they are hidden now
(note mmu_spte_update is already a maze, its getting too deep).

> +
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Return value:
> + * - true: let the vcpu to access on the same address again.
> + * - false: let the real page fault path to fix it.
> + */
> +static bool fast_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, gfn_t gfn,
> + int level, u32 error_code)
> +{
> + struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator iterator;
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
> + bool ret = false;
> + u64 spte = 0ull;
> +
> + if (!page_fault_can_be_fast(vcpu, gfn, error_code))
> + return false;
> +
> + walk_shadow_page_lockless_begin(vcpu);
> + for_each_shadow_entry_lockless(vcpu, gva, iterator, spte)
> + if (!is_shadow_present_pte(spte) || iterator.level < level)
> + break;
> +
> + /*
> + * If the mapping has been changed, let the vcpu fault on the
> + * same address again.
> + */
> + if (!is_rmap_spte(spte)) {
> + ret = true;
> + goto exit;
> + }
> +
> + if (!is_last_spte(spte, level))
> + goto exit;
> +
> + /*
> + * Check if it is a spurious fault caused by TLB lazily flushed.
> + *
> + * Need not check the access of upper level table entries since
> + * they are always ACC_ALL.
> + */
> + if (is_writable_pte(spte)) {
> + ret = true;
> + goto exit;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Currently, to simplify the code, only the spte write-protected
> + * by dirty-log can be fast fixed.
> + */
> + if (!spte_wp_by_dirty_log(spte))
> + goto exit;
> +
> + sp = page_header(__pa(iterator.sptep));
> +
> + ret = fast_pf_fix_spte(vcpu, sp, iterator.sptep, spte);
> +
> +exit:
> + walk_shadow_page_lockless_end(vcpu);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static bool try_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool prefault, gfn_t gfn,
> gva_t gva, pfn_t *pfn, bool write, bool *writable);
>
> -static int nonpaging_map(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t v, int write, gfn_t gfn,
> - bool prefault)
> +static int nonpaging_map(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t v, u32 error_code,
> + gfn_t gfn, bool prefault)
> {
> int r;
> int level;
> int force_pt_level;
> pfn_t pfn;
> unsigned long mmu_seq;
> - bool map_writable;
> + bool map_writable, write = error_code & PFERR_WRITE_MASK;
>
> force_pt_level = mapping_level_dirty_bitmap(vcpu, gfn);
> if (likely(!force_pt_level)) {
> @@ -2711,6 +2810,9 @@ static int nonpaging_map(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t v, int write, gfn_t gfn,
> } else
> level = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
>
> + if (fast_page_fault(vcpu, v, gfn, level, error_code))
> + return 0;
> +
> mmu_seq = vcpu->kvm->mmu_notifier_seq;
> smp_rmb();
>
> @@ -3099,7 +3201,7 @@ static int nonpaging_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva,
> gfn = gva >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>
> return nonpaging_map(vcpu, gva & PAGE_MASK,
> - error_code & PFERR_WRITE_MASK, gfn, prefault);
> + error_code, gfn, prefault);
> }
>
> static int kvm_arch_setup_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, gfn_t gfn)
> @@ -3179,6 +3281,9 @@ static int tdp_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gpa, u32 error_code,
> } else
> level = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
>
> + if (fast_page_fault(vcpu, gpa, gfn, level, error_code))
> + return 0;
> +
> mmu_seq = vcpu->kvm->mmu_notifier_seq;
> smp_rmb();
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> index df5a703..80493fb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> @@ -617,6 +617,9 @@ static int FNAME(page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr, u32 error_code,
> walker.gfn = walker.gfn & ~(KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level) - 1);
> }
>
> + if (fast_page_fault(vcpu, addr, walker.gfn, level, error_code))
> + return 0;
> +
> mmu_seq = vcpu->kvm->mmu_notifier_seq;
> smp_rmb();
>
> --
> 1.7.7.6
>
> --
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