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SubjectRe: [RFC] propagate gfp_t to page table alloc functions
On 04/24/2012 04:48 PM, Nick Piggin wrote:

> On 24 April 2012 17:19, Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> wrote:
>> On 04/24/2012 03:13 PM, Nick Piggin wrote:
>>
>>> 2012/4/24 Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>:
>>>> On 04/24/2012 02:16 PM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> (2012/04/23 17:55), Minchan Kim wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> As I test some code, I found a problem about deadlock by lockdep.
>>>>>> The reason I saw the message is __vmalloc calls map_vm_area which calls
>>>>>> pud/pmd_alloc without gfp_t. so although we call __vmalloc with
>>>>>> GFP_ATOMIC or GFP_NOIO, it ends up allocating pages with GFP_KERNEL.
>>>>>> The should be a BUG. This patch fixes it by passing gfp_to to low page
>>>>>> table allocate functions.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Hmm ? vmalloc should support GFP_ATOMIC ?
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> I'm not sure but alloc_large_system_hash already has used.
>>>> And it's not specific on GFP_ATOMIC.
>>>> We have to care of GFP_NOFS and GFP_NOIO to prevent deadlock on reclaim
>>>> context.
>>>> There are some places to use GFP_NOFS and we don't emit any warning
>>>> message in case of that.
>>>
>>> What's the lockdep warning?
>>
>>
>> It's just some private-test code, not-mainlined and lockdep warning is like this.
>>
>> [ INFO: inconsistent lock state ]
>> 3.4.0-rc3-next-20120417+ #80 Not tainted
>> ---------------------------------
>> inconsistent {RECLAIM_FS-ON-W} -> {IN-RECLAIM_FS-R} usage.
>>
>> It seems test code calls vmalloc inside reclaim context so that it enters
>> reclaim context, again by map_vm_area which allocates pages with GFP_KERNEL.
>>
>> Of course, I can avoid this problem by fixing the caller but during I look into
>> this problem, found other places to use gfp_t with "context restriction".
>>
>>
>>>
>>
>>> vmalloc was never supposed to use gfp flags for allocation "context"
>>> restriction. I.e., it
>>> was always supposed to have blocking, fs, and io capable allocation
>>> context. The flags
>>> were supposed to be a memory type modifier.
>>
>>
>> You mean "zone modifiers"?
>
> Yeah, things like that.
>
>>> These different classes of flags is a bit of a problem and source of
>>> confusion we have.
>>> We should be doing more checks for them, of course.
>>
>>
>> It might need some warning in __vmalloc and family which use gfp_t
>> if the caller use context flags.
>
> I think that would be a good idea.
>
>
>>> I suspect you need to fix the caller?
>>
>>
>> Hmm, there are several places to use GFP_NOIO and GFP_NOFS even, GFP_ATOMIC.
>> I believe it's not trivial now.
>
> They're all buggy then. Unfortunately not through any real fault of their own.


That's why I send it with RFC before I have to make all architecture change.
Nick, Thanks!

>
> I would say add a bit of warnings and documentation, and see what can be done
> about callers.

>

> We should not take lightly the decision to make the API more permissive, because
> as you can see it's more work for implementation. Making it ATOMIC safe is even


Agree. Will add waring and Cced all maintainers.

> harder, requiring irqsafe locks and such, and it might be tricky for some


irqsafe? Why should we consider it?
Just out of curiosity.

--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim


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