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Subject[patch 04/18] smp: Provide generic idle thread allocation
All SMP architectures have magic to fork the idle task and to store it
for reusage when cpu hotplug is enabled. Provide a generic
infrastructure for it.

Create/reinit the idle thread for the cpu which is brought up in the
generic code and hand the thread pointer to the architecture code via
__cpu_up().

Note, that fork_idle() is called via a workqueue, because this
guarantees that the idle thread does not get a reference to a user
space VM. This can happen when the boot process did not bring up all
possible cpus and a later cpu_up() is initiated via the sysfs
interface. In that case fork_idle() would be called in the context of
the user space task and take a reference on the user space VM.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
---
arch/Kconfig | 3 +
kernel/cpu.c | 2 -
kernel/sched/core.c | 2 +
kernel/smpboot.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/smpboot.h | 10 ++++++
5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
Index: linux-2.6/arch/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/Kconfig
+++ linux-2.6/arch/Kconfig
@@ -145,6 +145,9 @@ config HAVE_DMA_ATTRS
config USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS
bool

+config GENERIC_SMP_IDLE_THREAD
+ bool
+
config HAVE_REGS_AND_STACK_ACCESS_API
bool
help
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/cpu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/cpu.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -316,7 +316,7 @@ static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned in
}

/* Arch-specific enabling code. */
- ret = __cpu_up(cpu, NULL);
+ ret = __cpu_up(cpu, idle_thread_get(cpu));
if (ret != 0)
goto out_notify;
BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/sched/core.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -83,6 +83,7 @@

#include "sched.h"
#include "../workqueue_sched.h"
+#include "../smpboot.h"

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
@@ -7049,6 +7050,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
/* May be allocated at isolcpus cmdline parse time */
if (cpu_isolated_map == NULL)
zalloc_cpumask_var(&cpu_isolated_map, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ idle_thread_set_boot_cpu();
#endif
init_sched_fair_class();

Index: linux-2.6/kernel/smpboot.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -1,12 +1,95 @@
/*
* Common SMP CPU bringup/teardown functions
*/
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>

#include "smpboot.h"

+#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_SMP_IDLE_THREAD
+struct create_idle {
+ struct work_struct work;
+ struct task_struct *idle;
+ struct completion done;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+};
+
+static void __cpuinit do_fork_idle(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct create_idle *c = container_of(work, struct create_idle, work);
+
+ c->idle = fork_idle(c->cpu);
+ complete(&c->done);
+}
+
+static struct task_struct * __cpuinit idle_thread_create(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct create_idle c_idle = {
+ .cpu = cpu,
+ .done = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(c_idle.done),
+ };
+
+ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&c_idle.work, do_fork_idle);
+ schedule_work(&c_idle.work);
+ wait_for_completion(&c_idle.done);
+ destroy_work_on_stack(&c_idle.work);
+ return c_idle.idle;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For the hotplug case we keep the task structs around and reuse
+ * them.
+ */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, idle_threads);
+
+static inline struct task_struct *get_idle_for_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct task_struct *tsk = per_cpu(idle_threads, cpu);
+
+ if (!tsk)
+ return idle_thread_create(cpu);
+ init_idle(tsk, cpu);
+ return tsk;
+}
+
+struct task_struct * __cpuinit idle_thread_get(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ return per_cpu(idle_threads, cpu);
+}
+
+void __init idle_thread_set_boot_cpu(void)
+{
+ per_cpu(idle_threads, smp_processor_id()) = current;
+}
+
+/**
+ * idle_thread_init - Initialize the idle thread for a cpu
+ * @cpu: The cpu for which the idle thread should be initialized
+ *
+ * Creates the thread if it does not exist.
+ */
+static int __cpuinit idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct task_struct *idle = get_idle_for_cpu(cpu);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(idle)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "failed fork for CPU %u\n", cpu);
+ return PTR_ERR(idle);
+ }
+ per_cpu(idle_threads, cpu) = idle;
+ return 0;
+}
+#else
+static inline int idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu) { return 0; }
+#endif
+
/**
* smpboot_prepare - generic smpboot preparation
*/
int __cpuinit smpboot_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
{
+ return idle_thread_init(cpu);
}
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/smpboot.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/smpboot.h
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/smpboot.h
@@ -1,6 +1,16 @@
#ifndef SMPBOOT_H
#define SMPBOOT_H

+struct task_struct;
+
int smpboot_prepare(unsigned int cpu);

+#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_SMP_IDLE_THREAD
+struct task_struct *idle_thread_get(unsigned int cpu);
+void idle_thread_set_boot_cpu(void);
+#else
+static inline struct task_struct *idle_thread_get(unsigned int cpu) { return NULL; }
+static inline void idle_thread_set_boot_cpu(void) { }
+#endif
+
#endif



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