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SubjectRe: suspicious RCU usage warnings in 3.3.0
On Wed, Apr 11, 2012 at 08:18:54PM -0400, David Miller wrote:
> From: Stephen Hemminger <>
> Date: Wed, 11 Apr 2012 17:10:04 -0700
> > On Wed, 11 Apr 2012 16:08:37 -0700
> > "Paul E. McKenney" <> wrote:
> >
> >> Hmmm... What CPU family is this running on? From the look of the
> >> stack, it is sneaking out of idle into softirq without telling RCU.
> >> This would cause RCU to complain bitterly about being invoked from
> >> the idle loop -- and RCU ignores CPUs in the idle loop.
> >>
> >> Thanx, Paul
> >
> > Sun4... Ping David.
> So is there anything specific I need to do in the sparc64
> idle loop?

Hmmm... I must confess that I don't immediately see how control
is passing from cpu_idle() in arch/sparc/kernel/process_64.c to

But it looks like a simple function call in the call trace:

[36457.471471] Call Trace:
[36457.503600] [0000000000489834] lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xd4/0x100
[36457.583727] [00000000006755a8] __netif_receive_skb+0x368/0xa80
[36457.661536] [0000000000675e6c] netif_receive_skb+0x4c/0x60
[36457.734787] [000000000063fd74] tulip_poll+0x3b4/0x6a0
[36457.802327] [00000000006794d8] net_rx_action+0x118/0x1e0
[36457.873299] [00000000004560fc] __do_softirq+0x9c/0x140
[36457.941984] [000000000042b1c4] do_softirq+0x84/0xc0
[36458.007229] [0000000000404a40] __handle_softirq+0x0/0x10
[36458.078199] [000000000042b688] cpu_idle+0x48/0x100
[36458.142314] [0000000000722db8] rest_init+0x160/0x188
[36458.208711] [00000000008c87b0] start_kernel+0x32c/0x33c
[36458.278530] [0000000000722c50] tlb_fixup_done+0x88/0x90
[36458.348346] [0000000000000000] (null)

If it really is a simple function call, the trick is to wrap a RCU_NONIDLE()
around the call point, for example, fancifully:


This places an rcu_idle_enter() before the argument and an
rcu_idle_enter() after it. So it might be sufficient to adjust the
positions of the rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_idle_exit() calls in sparc64's
cpu_idle() function, for example, into the sparc64_yield() function
(if that is what is needed -- I can't see how sparc64_yield() calls
__handle_softirq(), either).

If I am confused about the simple function call, and if control is really
passing via an interrupt or exception, then rcu_irq_enter() should be
called on entry to the interrupt or exception and rcu_irq_exit() should
be called on exit.

Otherwise, RCU will happily ignore any RCU read-side critical sections
that are in what it believes to the the idle loop.

Thanx, Paul

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