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SubjectRe: [PATCH] perf tools: Fix ordering with unstable tsc
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On Sat, Feb 18, 2012 at 05:50:37PM +0100, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> On a system with a TSC considered as unstable, one can encounter this
> kind of warning:
>
> $ perf sched rec pong 2
> $ perf sched lat
> Warning: Timestamp below last timeslice flush
>
> This happens when trace events trigger with a potentially high period,
> such as sched_stat_sleep, sched_stat_runtime, sched_stat_wait, etc...
> The perf event core then implement that weight by sending as many events
> as the given period. For example as many as the time the task has been
> sleeping in sched_stat_sleep event.
>
> If this happens while irqs are disabled with an unstable tsc and this takes
> more time than a jiffy, then the timestamps of the events get stuck to
> the value of that next jiffy because sched_clock_local() bounds the timestamp
> to that maximum. The local timer tick is supposed to update that boundary but
> it can't given that irqs are disabled.
>
> We can then meet this kind of scenario in perf record:
>
> ===== CPU 0 ===== ==== CPU 1 ====
>
> PASS n
> ... ...
> 1 1
> 1 2
> 1 3 <-- max recorded
>
> finished round event
> PASS n + 1
>
> 1 4
> 1 5
> 1 6
>
> finished round event
> PASS n + 2
>
> 1 7
> ... ...
>
> CPU 0 is stuck sending events with irqs disabled and with the stale
> timestamp. When we do the events reordering for perf script for example,
> we flush all the events before timestamp 3 when we reach PASS n + 2,
> considering we can't anymore have timestamps below 3 now.
> But we still do have timestamps below 3 on PASS n + 2.
>
> To solve that issue, instead of considering that timestamps are globally
> monotonic, we assume they are locally monotonic. Instead of recording
> the max timestamp on each pass, we check the max one per CPU on each
> pass and keep the smallest over these as the new barrier up to which
> we flush the events on the PASS n + 2. This still relies on a bit of
> global monotonicity because if some CPU doesn't have events in PASS n,
> we expect it not to have event in PASS n + 2 past the barrier recorded
> in PASS n. So this is still not a totally robust ordering but it's still
> better than what we had before.
>
> The only way to have a deterministic and solid ordering will be to use
> per cpu perf.data files.
>
> Reported-by: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
> ---
> tools/perf/util/evsel.c | 5 +-
> tools/perf/util/session.c | 146 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> tools/perf/util/session.h | 3 +-
> 3 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evsel.c b/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
> index 302d49a..1c8eb4b 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
> @@ -119,9 +119,12 @@ void perf_evsel__config(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct perf_record_opts *opts)
> if (opts->raw_samples) {
> attr->sample_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_TIME;
> attr->sample_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_RAW;
> - attr->sample_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_CPU;
> }
>
> + /* Need to know the CPU for tools that need to order events */
> + if (attr->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME)
> + attr->sample_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_CPU;
> +
> if (opts->no_delay) {
> attr->watermark = 0;
> attr->wakeup_events = 1;
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/session.c b/tools/perf/util/session.c
> index 9f833cf..f297342 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/session.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/session.c
> @@ -494,6 +494,8 @@ static void perf_session_free_sample_buffers(struct perf_session *session)
> list_del(&sq->list);
> free(sq);
> }
> +
> + free(os->last_cpu_timestamp);
> }
>
> static int perf_session_deliver_event(struct perf_session *session,
> @@ -549,56 +551,89 @@ static void flush_sample_queue(struct perf_session *s,
> }
>
> /*
> - * When perf record finishes a pass on every buffers, it records this pseudo
> - * event.
> - * We record the max timestamp t found in the pass n.
> - * Assuming these timestamps are monotonic across cpus, we know that if
> - * a buffer still has events with timestamps below t, they will be all
> - * available and then read in the pass n + 1.
> - * Hence when we start to read the pass n + 2, we can safely flush every
> - * events with timestamps below t.
> + * We make the assumption that timestamps are not globally monotonic but locally
> + * non-strictly monotonic. In practice, this is because if we are dealing with a
> + * machine with unstable TSC, the kernel bounds the result of the tsc between
> + * last_tick_time < tsc < next_tick_time. Thus, if a CPU disables interrupts for more
> + * than one jiffy, all of its timestamps will be equal to next_tick_time after we
> + * cross that jiffy, without any further progress whereas the other CPU continue
> + * with normal timestamps. This can happen if a CPU sends crazillions of events
> + * while interrupts are disabled. But there are potentially other random scenarios
> + * with unstable TSC that drives us to assume the monotonicity of time only per CPU
> + * and not globally.
> + *
> + * To solve this, when perf record finishes a round of write on every buffers, it
> + * records a pseudo event named "finished round". The frame of events that happen
> + * between two finished rounds is called a "pass".
> + * We record the max timestamp T[cpu] per CPU found over the events in the pass n.
> + * Then when we finish a round, we iterate over these T[cpu]and keep the smallest
> + * one: min(T).
> + *
> + * Assuming these timestamps are locally monotonic (non strictly), we can flush all
> + * queued events having a timestamp below min(T) when we start to process PASS n + 1.
> + * But we actually wait until we start PASS n + 2 in case a CPU did not have any
> + * event in PASS n but came in PASS n + 1 with events below min(T). We truly
> + * hope no CPU will come with events below min(T) after pass n + 1. This
> + * heuristicly rely on some minimal global consistancy. This should work in most
> + * real world case, the only way to ensure a truly safe ordering with regular
> + * flush will be to switch to per CPU record files.
> + *
> *
> - * ============ PASS n =================
> - * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> - * |
> - * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> - * 1 | 2
> - * 2 | 3
> - * - | 4 <--- max recorded
> + * ========================== PASS n ============================
> + * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> + * |
> + * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> + * 1 | 2
> + * 2 <--- max recorded | 3
> + * - | 4 <--- max recorded
> + * min(T) = 2
> *
> - * ============ PASS n + 1 ==============
> - * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> - * |
> - * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> - * 3 | 5
> - * 4 | 6
> - * 5 | 7 <---- max recorded
> + * ========================== PASS n + 1 ========================
> + * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> + * |
> + * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> + * 3 | 5
> + * 4 | 6
> + * 5 <--- max record | 7 <---- max recorded
> + * min(T) = 5
> *
> - * Flush every events below timestamp 4
> + * Flush every events below timestamp 2
> *
> - * ============ PASS n + 2 ==============
> - * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> - * |
> - * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> - * 6 | 8
> - * 7 | 9
> - * - | 10
> + * ========================== PASS n + 2 ========================
> + * CPU 0 | CPU 1
> + * |
> + * cnt1 timestamps | cnt2 timestamps
> + * 6 | 8
> + * 7 | 9
> + * - | 10
> *
> - * Flush every events below timestamp 7
> - * etc...
> + * Flush every events below timestamp 5, etc...
> */
> static int process_finished_round(struct perf_tool *tool,
> union perf_event *event __used,
> struct perf_session *session)
> {
> + unsigned int i;
> + u64 min = ULLONG_MAX;
> + struct ordered_samples *os = &session->ordered_samples;
> +
> flush_sample_queue(session, tool);
> - session->ordered_samples.next_flush = session->ordered_samples.max_timestamp;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < session->nr_cpus; i++) {
> + if (os->last_cpu_timestamp[i] < min)
> + min = os->last_cpu_timestamp[i];
> +
> + os->last_cpu_timestamp[i] = ULLONG_MAX;
> + }
> +
> + if (min != ULLONG_MAX)
> + os->next_flush = min;
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> /* The queue is ordered by time */
> -static void __queue_event(struct sample_queue *new, struct perf_session *s)
> +static void __queue_event(struct sample_queue *new, struct perf_session *s, int cpu)
> {
> struct ordered_samples *os = &s->ordered_samples;
> struct sample_queue *sample = os->last_sample;
> @@ -607,10 +642,10 @@ static void __queue_event(struct sample_queue *new, struct perf_session *s)
>
> ++os->nr_samples;
> os->last_sample = new;
> + os->last_cpu_timestamp[cpu] = timestamp;
>
> if (!sample) {
> list_add(&new->list, &os->samples);
> - os->max_timestamp = timestamp;
> return;
> }
>
> @@ -624,7 +659,6 @@ static void __queue_event(struct sample_queue *new, struct perf_session *s)
> p = sample->list.next;
> if (p == &os->samples) {
> list_add_tail(&new->list, &os->samples);
> - os->max_timestamp = timestamp;
> return;
> }
> sample = list_entry(p, struct sample_queue, list);
> @@ -643,6 +677,34 @@ static void __queue_event(struct sample_queue *new, struct perf_session *s)
> }
> }
>
> +static int alloc_cpus_timestamp_array(struct perf_session *s,
> + struct perf_sample *sample,
> + struct ordered_samples *os)
> +{
> + int i;
> + int nr_cpus;
> +
> + if (sample->cpu < s->nr_cpus)
> + return 0;
> +
> + nr_cpus = sample->cpu + 1;
> +
> + if (!os->last_cpu_timestamp)
> + os->last_cpu_timestamp = malloc(sizeof(u64) * nr_cpus);
> + else
> + os->last_cpu_timestamp = realloc(os->last_cpu_timestamp,
> + sizeof(u64) * nr_cpus);
> + if (!os->last_cpu_timestamp)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + for (i = s->nr_cpus; i < nr_cpus; i++)
> + os->last_cpu_timestamp[i] = ULLONG_MAX;
> +
> + s->nr_cpus = nr_cpus;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> #define MAX_SAMPLE_BUFFER (64 * 1024 / sizeof(struct sample_queue))
>
> static int perf_session_queue_event(struct perf_session *s, union perf_event *event,
> @@ -652,6 +714,12 @@ static int perf_session_queue_event(struct perf_session *s, union perf_event *ev
> struct list_head *sc = &os->sample_cache;
> u64 timestamp = sample->time;
> struct sample_queue *new;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (!(s->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU)) {
> + pr_err("Warning: Need to record CPU on samples for ordering\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
>
> if (!timestamp || timestamp == ~0ULL)
> return -ETIME;
> @@ -661,6 +729,10 @@ static int perf_session_queue_event(struct perf_session *s, union perf_event *ev
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> + err = alloc_cpus_timestamp_array(s, sample, os);
> + if (err)
> + return err;
> +
> if (!list_empty(sc)) {
> new = list_entry(sc->next, struct sample_queue, list);
> list_del(&new->list);
> @@ -681,7 +753,7 @@ static int perf_session_queue_event(struct perf_session *s, union perf_event *ev
> new->file_offset = file_offset;
> new->event = event;
>
> - __queue_event(new, s);
> + __queue_event(new, s, sample->cpu);
>
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/session.h b/tools/perf/util/session.h
> index c8d9017..642591b 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/session.h
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/session.h
> @@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ struct thread;
> struct ordered_samples {
> u64 last_flush;
> u64 next_flush;
> - u64 max_timestamp;
> + u64 *last_cpu_timestamp;
> struct list_head samples;
> struct list_head sample_cache;
> struct list_head to_free;
> @@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ struct perf_session {
> int cwdlen;
> char *cwd;
> struct ordered_samples ordered_samples;
> + unsigned int nr_cpus;
> char filename[1];
> };
>
> --
> 1.7.5.4
>


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