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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] kgdb,debug_core,kgdbts: End DEBUG_RODATA limitation using kprobe breakpoints
(2012/03/22 20:57), Jason Wessel wrote:
> On 03/21/2012 09:53 PM, Masami Hiramatsu wrote:
>> (2012/03/22 2:55), Jason Wessel wrote:
>>> There has long been a limitation using software breakpoints with a
>>> kernel compiled with CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA. The kprobe breakpoint code
>>> has its own text_poke() function which accommodates writing a
>>> breakpoint into a read-only page. The debug_core can make use of the
>>> text_poke() capabilities by using the kprobes API, specifically
>>> arch_arm_kprobe() and arch_disarm_kprobe(). For now it is safe to use
>>> a single statically allocated kprobe structure to call the kprobes API
>>> because the debug_core breakpoint API is only used when the kernel is
>>> in the debug state.
>> You might misunderstand it. arch_*_kprobe() are not open APIs.
>> Those are kprobes internal APIs (which means that those functions
>> should be used only by kprobes).
> I was looking for an interface that solved the problem, without having
> to use text_poke directly which is arch specific. Eventually I would
> like to use the kprobes high level API, but it cannot not be used
> without taking a mutex presently. This is a separate problem to deal
> with at a later time, because the generic use of kprobes would be
> aimed at having robust single stepping.

I see.

>>> The debug_core will first attempt to use the traditional
>>> probe_kernel_write(), and next try using a kprobe breakpoint. The
>>> kgdb test suite was updated to run all the software breakpoint tests
>>> when using a kernel with built with CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA.
>>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <>
>> Nak.
>> No, please don't use kprobes internal function this way, because
>> you can't ensure that the arch_arm_kprobe() has no side-effect.
>> Why don't you use text_poke()? I see that the text_poke()
>> is only for x86, but you already have arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c for
>> making your own wrapper function.
> I will use the arch specific provision to override the
> kgdb_arch_set_breakpoint() and use the text_poke() directly.

Thanks! that's what I meant. You can use __weak attribute.

> Eventually I would like to use the same software breakpoint
> reservation system as kprobes, and that would happen if kgdb ever
> starts using kprobes for single stepping.

Yeah, as far as I can see, current kprobes design assumes that
there is no other part uses sw breakpoint in kernel. But there
is kgdb now.
I think kprobes can share the sw breakpoint instrumentation and
single stepping with kgdb.

Thank you,

Software Platform Research Dept. Linux Technology Center
Hitachi, Ltd., Yokohama Research Laboratory

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