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SubjectRE: [PATCH] x86, kdump: No need to disable ioapic in crash path
Don,

Thank you.
I understand.

Seiji

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Don Zickus [mailto:dzickus@redhat.com]
> Sent: Thursday, March 15, 2012 5:34 PM
> To: Seiji Aguchi
> Cc: x86@kernel.org; LKML; kexec-list; Eric W. Biederman; Vivek Goyal
> Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86, kdump: No need to disable ioapic in crash path
>
> On Thu, Mar 15, 2012 at 05:16:50PM -0400, Seiji Aguchi wrote:
> > Don,
> >
> > What do you think about following scenario?
> > Disabling I/O APIC seems to be needed before booting kdump kernel.
>
> This patch was for *booting* the second kernel. Kexec/kdump disables interrupts before jumping into the second kernel, so it
> doesn't matter what is done with the i/o apic as interrupts are blocked until the second kernel boots up and deals with them.
>
> It is Suresh's patch that helps enable a patch like the one I proposed.
>
> Cheers,
> Don
>
> >
> > Seiji
> >
> >
> > commit 1e75b31d638d5242ca8e9771dfdcbd28a5f041df
> > Author: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
> > Date: Thu Aug 25 12:01:11 2011 -0700
> >
> > x86, kdump, ioapic: Reset remote-IRR in clear_IO_APIC
> >
> > In the kdump scenario mentioned below, we can have a case where
> > the device using level triggered interrupt will not generate any
> > interrupts in the kdump kernel.
> >
> > 1. IO-APIC sends a level triggered interrupt to the CPU's local APIC.
> >
> > 2. Kernel crashed before the CPU services this interrupt, leaving
> > the remote-IRR in the IO-APIC set.
> >
> > 3. kdump kernel boot sequence does clear_IO_APIC() as part of IO-APIC
> > initialization. But this fails to reset remote-IRR bit of the
> > IO-APIC RTE as the remote-IRR bit is read-only.
> >
> > 4. Device using that level triggered entry can't generate any
> > more interrupts because of the remote-IRR bit.
> >
> > In clear_IO_APIC_pin(), check if the remote-IRR bit is set and if
> > so do an explicit attempt to clear it (by doing EOI write on
> > modern io-apic's and changing trigger mode to edge/level on
> > older io-apic's). Also before doing the explicit EOI to the
> > io-apic, ensure that the trigger mode is indeed set to level.
> > This will enable the explicit EOI to the io-apic to reset the
> > remote-IRR bit.
> >
> > Tested-by: Leonardo Chiquitto <lchiquitto@novell.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
> > Fixes: https://bugzilla.novell.com/show_bug.cgi?id=701686
> > Cc: Rafael Wysocki <rjw@novell.com>
> > Cc: Maciej W. Rozycki <macro@linux-mips.org>
> > Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de>
> > Cc: jbeulich@novell.com
> > Cc: yinghai@kernel.org
> > Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110825190657.157502602@sbsiddha-desk.sc.intel.com
> > Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: linux-kernel-owner@vger.kernel.org
> > > [mailto:linux-kernel-owner@vger.kernel.org] On Behalf Of Don Zickus
> > > Sent: Thursday, March 15, 2012 4:27 PM
> > > To: x86@kernel.org
> > > Cc: LKML; kexec-list; Eric W. Biederman; Vivek Goyal
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86, kdump: No need to disable ioapic in crash
> > > path
> > >
> > > On Wed, Feb 29, 2012 at 03:08:49PM -0500, Don Zickus wrote:
> > > > A customer of ours noticed when their machine crashed, kdump did
> > > > not work but hung instead. Using their firmware dumping solution
> > > > they grabbed a vmcore and decoded the stacks on the cpus. What
> > > > they noticed seemed to be a rare deadlock with the ioapic_lock.
> > >
> > > While we are discussing the NMI stuff in another thread, does anyone
> > > have any objection to committing this patch. It fixes a real problem today.
> > >
> > > Cheers,
> > > Don
> > >
> > > >
> > > > CPU4:
> > > > machine_crash_shutdown
> > > > -> machine_ops.crash_shutdown
> > > > -> native_machine_crash_shutdown
> > > > -> kdump_nmi_shootdown_cpus ------> Send NMI to other CPUs
> > > > -> disable_IO_APIC
> > > > -> clear_IO_APIC
> > > > -> clear_IO_APIC_pin
> > > > -> ioapic_read_entry
> > > > -> spin_lock_irqsave(&ioapic_lock, flags)
> > > > ---Infinite loop here---
> > > >
> > > > CPU0:
> > > > do_IRQ
> > > > -> handle_irq
> > > > -> handle_edge_irq
> > > > -> ack_apic_edge
> > > > -> move_native_irq
> > > > -> mask_IO_APIC_irq
> > > > -> mask_IO_APIC_irq_desc
> > > > -> spin_lock_irqsave(&ioapic_lock, flags)
> > > > ---Receive NMI here after getting spinlock---
> > > > -> nmi
> > > > -> do_nmi
> > > > -> crash_nmi_callback
> > > > ---Infinite loop here---
> > > >
> > > > The problem is that although kdump tries to shutdown minimal
> > > > hardware, it still needs to disable the IO APIC. This requires
> > > > spinlocks which may be held by another cpu. This other cpu is
> > > > being held infinitely in an NMI context by kdump in order to serialize the crashing path.
> > > > Instant deadlock.
> > > >
> > > > Eric, brought up a point that because the boot code was
> > > > restructured we may not need to disable the io apic any more in the crash path.
> > > > The original concern that led to the development of
> > > > disable_IO_APIC, was that the jiffies calibration on boot up
> > > > relied on the PIT timer for reference. Access to the PIT required
> > > > 8259 interrupts to be working. This wouldn't work if the ioapic needed to be configured.
> > > > So on panic path, the ioapic was reconfigured to use virtual wire mode to allow the 8259 to passthrough.
> > > >
> > > > Those concerns don't hold true now, thanks to the jiffies
> > > > calibration code not needing the PIT. As a result, we can remove
> > > > this call and simplify the locking needed in the panic path.
> > > >
> > > > I tested kdump on an Ivy Bridge platform, a Pentium4 and an old
> > > > athlon that did not have an ioapic. All three were successful.
> > > >
> > > > I also tested using lkdtm that would use jprobes to panic the
> > > > system when entering do_IRQ. The idea was to see how the system
> > > > reacted with an interrupt pending in the second kernel. My core2
> > > > quad successfully kdump'd
> > > > 3 times in a row with no issues.
> > > >
> > > > v2: removed the disable lapic code too
> > > > v3: re-add disabling of lapic code
> > > >
> > > > Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
> > > > Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >
> > > > There are really two problems here. One is the deadlock of the
> > > > ioapic_lock that I describe above. Removing the code to disable
> > > > the ioapic seems to resolve that.
> > > >
> > > > The second issue is handling non-IRQ exceptions like NMIs. Eric
> > > > asked me to include removing the disable lapic code too. However,
> > > > because the nmi watchdog is stil active and kexec zeros out the
> > > > idt before it jumps to purgatory, an NMI that comes in during the
> > > > transition between the first kernel and second kernel will see an empty idt and reset the cpu.
> > > >
> > > > Leaving the code to disable the lapic in, turns off perf and
> > > > blocks those NMIs from happening (though an external NMI would
> > > > still be an issue but that is no different than right now).
> > > >
> > > > I tried playing with a stub idt and leaving it in place through
> > > > the transition to the second kernel, but I can't quite get it to
> > > > work correctly. Spinning in the first kernel before the purgatory
> > > > jump catches the idt properly. Spinning in purgatory before the
> > > > second kernel jump doesn't. I even disabled the zero'ing out of the idt in the purgatory code.
> > > >
> > > > I would like to get resolution on the ioapic deadlock to fix a
> > > > customer issue while working the idt and NMI thing on the side,
> > > > hence the split of this patchset.
> > > >
> > > > Hopefully, people recognize there are two issues here and that
> > > > this patch resolves the first one and the second one needs more debugging and time.
> > > > ---
> > > > arch/x86/kernel/crash.c | 3 ---
> > > > 1 files changed, 0 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > > index
> > > > 13ad899..b053cf9 100644
> > > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > > @@ -96,9 +96,6 @@ void native_machine_crash_shutdown(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > > > cpu_emergency_svm_disable();
> > > >
> > > > lapic_shutdown();
> > > > -#if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC)
> > > > - disable_IO_APIC();
> > > > -#endif
> > > > #ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
> > > > hpet_disable();
> > > > #endif
> > > > --
> > > > 1.7.7.6
> > > >
> > > --
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> > > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> > > Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/


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