lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Mar]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
Subject[PATCH 7/7] uprobes/core: handle breakpoint and singlestep exception.
From: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Uprobes uses exception notifiers to get to know if a thread hit a
breakpoint or singlestep exception.

When a thread hits a uprobe or is singlestepping post a uprobe hit,
the uprobe exception notifier sets its TIF_UPROBE bit, which will
then be checked on its return to userspace path (do_notify_resume()
->uprobe_notify_resume()), where the consumers handlers are run
(in task context) based on the defined filters.

Uprobe hits are thread specific and hence we need to maintain
information about if a task hit a uprobe, what uprobe was hit, the slot
where the original instruction was copied for xol so that it can be
singlestepped with appropriate fixups.

In some cases, special care is needed for instructions that are
executed out of line (xol). These are architecture specific artefacts,
such as handling RIP relative instructions on x86_64.

Since the instruction at which the uprobe was inserted is executed out
of line, architecture specific fixups are added so that the thread
continues normal execution in the presence of a uprobe.

Postpone the signals until we execute the probed insn. post_xol()
path does a recalc_sigpending() before return to user-mode, this
ensures the signal can't be lost.

Uprobes relies on DIE_DEBUG notification to notify if a singlestep is
complete.

Adds x86 specific uprobe exception notifiers and appropriate hooks
needed to determine a uprobe hit and subsequent post processing.

Add requisite x86 fixups for xol for uprobes. Specific cases needing
fixups include relative jumps (x86_64), calls, etc.

Where possible, we check and skip singlestepping the breakpointed
instructions. For now we skip single byte as well as few multibyte
nop instructions. However this can be extended to other
instructions too.

Credits to Oleg Nesterov for suggestions/patches related to signal,
breakpoint, singlestep handling code.

Signed-off-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
Changelog
(v10):
- Resolve comments suggested by Ingo Molnar.
- arch specific functions start with arch_uprobe_
- factor out few cleanup into separate patches

(v9):
- Use instruction_pointer_set instead of set_instruction_pointer.
- Changed can_skip_xol to uprobe_skip_sstep as suggested by Ananth

(v7):
- Resolve comments from Dan Carpenter.
- add_utask returns NULL on error.
- Handles architecture agnostic parts of a uprobe breakpoint hit and
subsequent xol singlestepping.

(v6)
- added x86 specific hook for aborting xol.

(v5)
- Use srcu_raw instead of synchronize_sched
- Introduce per task srcu_id to store the srcu_id
- Modified comments.
- No more do a i386 specific enable interrupts. (Its not part of another
patch posted separately)

arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h | 2
arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h | 16 ++
arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 6 +
arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c | 261 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/sched.h | 4
include/linux/uprobes.h | 44 +++++
kernel/events/uprobes.c | 310 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/fork.c | 7 +
kernel/signal.c | 4
9 files changed, 645 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
index af1db7e..2f06cdf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ struct thread_info {
#define TIF_SECCOMP 8 /* secure computing */
#define TIF_MCE_NOTIFY 10 /* notify userspace of an MCE */
#define TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY 11 /* notify kernel of userspace return */
+#define TIF_UPROBE 12 /* breakpointed or singlestepping */
#define TIF_NOTSC 16 /* TSC is not accessible in userland */
#define TIF_IA32 17 /* IA32 compatibility process */
#define TIF_FORK 18 /* ret_from_fork */
@@ -109,6 +110,7 @@ struct thread_info {
#define _TIF_SECCOMP (1 << TIF_SECCOMP)
#define _TIF_MCE_NOTIFY (1 << TIF_MCE_NOTIFY)
#define _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY (1 << TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
+#define _TIF_UPROBE (1 << TIF_UPROBE)
#define _TIF_NOTSC (1 << TIF_NOTSC)
#define _TIF_IA32 (1 << TIF_IA32)
#define _TIF_FORK (1 << TIF_FORK)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
index 0500391..930620a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
@@ -23,6 +23,8 @@
* Jim Keniston
*/

+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+
typedef u8 uprobe_opcode_t;

#define MAX_UINSN_BYTES 16
@@ -39,5 +41,17 @@ struct arch_uprobe {
#endif
};

-extern int arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm);
+struct arch_uprobe_task {
+ unsigned long saved_trap_nr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ unsigned long saved_scratch_register;
+#endif
+};
+
+extern int arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm);
+extern int arch_uprobe_pre_xol(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern int arch_uprobe_post_xol(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern bool arch_uprobe_xol_was_trapped(struct task_struct *tsk);
+extern int arch_uprobe_exception_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data);
+extern void arch_uprobe_abort_xol(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct pt_regs *regs);
#endif /* _ASM_UPROBES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
index 30108c1..c266253 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
+#include <linux/uprobes.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/ucontext.h>
@@ -818,6 +819,11 @@ do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs, void *unused, __u32 thread_info_flags)
mce_notify_process();
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 && CONFIG_X86_MCE */

+ if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_UPROBE) {
+ clear_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+ uprobe_notify_resume(regs);
+ }
+
/* deal with pending signal delivery */
if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING)
do_signal(regs);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c b/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
index 851a11b..1156fe6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
@@ -24,8 +24,10 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/uprobes.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <linux/kdebug.h>
+#include <asm/compat.h>
#include <asm/insn.h>

/* Post-execution fixups. */
@@ -40,6 +42,8 @@
#define UPROBE_FIX_RIP_AX 0x8000
#define UPROBE_FIX_RIP_CX 0x4000

+#define UPROBE_TRAP_NR UINT_MAX
+
/* Adaptations for mhiramat x86 decoder v14. */
#define OPCODE1(insn) ((insn)->opcode.bytes[0])
#define OPCODE2(insn) ((insn)->opcode.bytes[1])
@@ -221,10 +225,9 @@ static int validate_insn_32bits(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct insn *insn)
}

/*
- * Figure out which fixups post_xol() will need to perform, and annotate
- * arch_uprobe->fixups accordingly. To start with,
- * arch_uprobe->fixups is either zero or it reflects rip-related
- * fixups.
+ * Figure out which fixups arch_uprobe_post_xol() will need to perform, and
+ * annotate arch_uprobe->fixups accordingly. To start with,
+ * arch_uprobe->fixups is either zero or it reflects rip-related fixups.
*/
static void prepare_fixups(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct insn *insn)
{
@@ -401,12 +404,12 @@ static int validate_insn_bits(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

/**
- * arch_uprobes_analyze_insn - instruction analysis including validity and fixups.
+ * arch_uprobe_analyze_insn - instruction analysis including validity and fixups.
* @mm: the probed address space.
* @arch_uprobe: the probepoint information.
* Return 0 on success or a -ve number on error.
*/
-int arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm)
+int arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
int ret;
struct insn insn;
@@ -421,3 +424,249 @@ int arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm)

return 0;
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+/*
+ * If we're emulating a rip-relative instruction, save the contents
+ * of the scratch register and store the target address in that register.
+ */
+static void
+pre_xol_rip_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct arch_uprobe_task *autask)
+{
+ if (auprobe->fixups & UPROBE_FIX_RIP_AX) {
+ autask->saved_scratch_register = regs->ax;
+ regs->ax = current->utask->vaddr;
+ regs->ax += auprobe->rip_rela_target_address;
+ } else if (auprobe->fixups & UPROBE_FIX_RIP_CX) {
+ autask->saved_scratch_register = regs->cx;
+ regs->cx = current->utask->vaddr;
+ regs->cx += auprobe->rip_rela_target_address;
+ }
+}
+#else
+static void
+pre_xol_rip_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct arch_uprobe_task *autask)
+{
+ /* No RIP-relative addressing on 32-bit */
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * arch_uprobe_pre_xol - prepare to execute out of line.
+ * @auprobe: the probepoint information.
+ * @regs: reflects the saved user state of current task.
+ */
+int arch_uprobe_pre_xol(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct arch_uprobe_task *autask;
+
+ autask = &current->utask->autask;
+ autask->saved_trap_nr = current->thread.trap_nr;
+ current->thread.trap_nr = UPROBE_TRAP_NR;
+ regs->ip = current->utask->xol_vaddr;
+ pre_xol_rip_insn(auprobe, regs, autask);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called by arch_uprobe_post_xol() to adjust the return
+ * address pushed by a call instruction executed out of line.
+ */
+static int adjust_ret_addr(unsigned long sp, long correction)
+{
+ int rasize, ncopied;
+ long ra = 0;
+
+ if (is_ia32_compat_task(current))
+ rasize = 4;
+ else
+ rasize = 8;
+
+ ncopied = copy_from_user(&ra, (void __user *)sp, rasize);
+ if (unlikely(ncopied))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ra += correction;
+ ncopied = copy_to_user((void __user *)sp, &ra, rasize);
+ if (unlikely(ncopied))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static bool is_riprel_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe)
+{
+ return ((auprobe->fixups & (UPROBE_FIX_RIP_AX | UPROBE_FIX_RIP_CX)) != 0);
+}
+
+static void
+handle_riprel_post_xol(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs, long *correction)
+{
+ if (is_riprel_insn(auprobe)) {
+ struct arch_uprobe_task *autask;
+
+ autask = &current->utask->autask;
+ if (auprobe->fixups & UPROBE_FIX_RIP_AX)
+ regs->ax = autask->saved_scratch_register;
+ else
+ regs->cx = autask->saved_scratch_register;
+
+ /*
+ * The original instruction includes a displacement, and so
+ * is 4 bytes longer than what we've just single-stepped.
+ * Fall through to handle stuff like "jmpq *...(%rip)" and
+ * "callq *...(%rip)".
+ */
+ if (correction)
+ *correction += 4;
+ }
+}
+#else
+static void
+handle_riprel_post_xol(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs, long *correction)
+{
+ /* No RIP-relative addressing on 32-bit */
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * If xol insn itself traps and generates a signal(Say,
+ * SIGILL/SIGSEGV/etc), then detect the case where a singlestepped
+ * instruction jumps back to its own address. It is assumed that anything
+ * like do_page_fault/do_trap/etc sets thread.trap_nr != -1.
+ *
+ * arch_uprobe_pre_xol/arch_uprobe_post_xol save/restore thread.trap_nr,
+ * arch_uprobe_xol_was_trapped() simply checks that ->trap_nr is not equal to
+ * UPROBE_TRAP_NR == -1 set by arch_uprobe_pre_xol().
+ */
+bool arch_uprobe_xol_was_trapped(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ if (t->thread.trap_nr != UPROBE_TRAP_NR)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called after single-stepping. To avoid the SMP problems that can
+ * occur when we temporarily put back the original opcode to
+ * single-step, we single-stepped a copy of the instruction.
+ *
+ * This function prepares to resume execution after the single-step.
+ * We have to fix things up as follows:
+ *
+ * Typically, the new ip is relative to the copied instruction. We need
+ * to make it relative to the original instruction (FIX_IP). Exceptions
+ * are return instructions and absolute or indirect jump or call instructions.
+ *
+ * If the single-stepped instruction was a call, the return address that
+ * is atop the stack is the address following the copied instruction. We
+ * need to make it the address following the original instruction (FIX_CALL).
+ *
+ * If the original instruction was a rip-relative instruction such as
+ * "movl %edx,0xnnnn(%rip)", we have instead executed an equivalent
+ * instruction using a scratch register -- e.g., "movl %edx,(%rax)".
+ * We need to restore the contents of the scratch register and adjust
+ * the ip, keeping in mind that the instruction we executed is 4 bytes
+ * shorter than the original instruction (since we squeezed out the offset
+ * field). (FIX_RIP_AX or FIX_RIP_CX)
+ */
+int arch_uprobe_post_xol(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+ long correction;
+ int result = 0;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(current->thread.trap_nr != UPROBE_TRAP_NR);
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ current->thread.trap_nr = utask->autask.saved_trap_nr;
+ correction = (long)(utask->vaddr - utask->xol_vaddr);
+ handle_riprel_post_xol(auprobe, regs, &correction);
+ if (auprobe->fixups & UPROBE_FIX_IP)
+ regs->ip += correction;
+
+ if (auprobe->fixups & UPROBE_FIX_CALL)
+ result = adjust_ret_addr(regs->sp, correction);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+/* callback routine for handling exceptions. */
+int arch_uprobe_exception_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+ struct die_args *args = data;
+ struct pt_regs *regs = args->regs;
+ int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ /* We are only interested in userspace traps */
+ if (regs && !user_mode_vm(regs))
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ switch (val) {
+ case DIE_INT3:
+ if (uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(regs))
+ ret = NOTIFY_STOP;
+
+ break;
+
+ case DIE_DEBUG:
+ if (uprobe_post_sstep_notifier(regs))
+ ret = NOTIFY_STOP;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function gets called when XOL instruction either gets trapped or
+ * the thread has a fatal signal, so reset the instruction pointer to its
+ * probed address.
+ */
+void arch_uprobe_abort_xol(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = current->utask;
+
+ current->thread.trap_nr = utask->autask.saved_trap_nr;
+ handle_riprel_post_xol(auprobe, regs, NULL);
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, utask->vaddr);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Skip these instructions as per the currently known x86 ISA.
+ * 0x66* { 0x90 | 0x0f 0x1f | 0x0f 0x19 | 0x87 0xc0 }
+ */
+bool arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_UINSN_BYTES; i++) {
+ if ((auprobe->insn[i] == 0x66))
+ continue;
+
+ if (auprobe->insn[i] == 0x90)
+ return true;
+
+ if (i == (MAX_UINSN_BYTES - 1))
+ break;
+
+ if ((auprobe->insn[i] == 0x0f) && (auprobe->insn[i+1] == 0x1f))
+ return true;
+
+ if ((auprobe->insn[i] == 0x0f) && (auprobe->insn[i+1] == 0x19))
+ return true;
+
+ if ((auprobe->insn[i] == 0x87) && (auprobe->insn[i+1] == 0xc0))
+ return true;
+
+ break;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 0cd5759..ca4a21f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1606,6 +1606,10 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
atomic_t ptrace_bp_refcnt;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+ int uprobe_srcu_id;
+#endif
};

/* Future-safe accessor for struct task_struct's cpus_allowed. */
diff --git a/include/linux/uprobes.h b/include/linux/uprobes.h
index eac525f..b020e23 100644
--- a/include/linux/uprobes.h
+++ b/include/linux/uprobes.h
@@ -39,6 +39,8 @@ struct vm_area_struct;

/* Dont run handlers when first register/ last unregister in progress*/
#define UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER 0x2
+/* Can skip singlestep */
+#define UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP 0x4

struct uprobe_consumer {
int (*handler)(struct uprobe_consumer *self, struct pt_regs *regs);
@@ -52,12 +54,40 @@ struct uprobe_consumer {
};

#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
+enum uprobe_task_state {
+ UTASK_RUNNING,
+ UTASK_BP_HIT,
+ UTASK_SSTEP,
+ UTASK_SSTEP_ACK,
+ UTASK_SSTEP_TRAPPED,
+};
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_task: Metadata of a task while it singlesteps.
+ */
+struct uprobe_task {
+ enum uprobe_task_state state;
+ struct arch_uprobe_task autask;
+
+ struct uprobe *active_uprobe;
+
+ unsigned long xol_vaddr;
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+};
+
extern int __weak set_swbp(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr);
extern int __weak set_orig_insn(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, bool verify);
extern bool __weak is_swbp_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn);
extern int uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *uc);
extern void uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *uc);
extern int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+extern void uprobe_free_utask(struct task_struct *t);
+extern unsigned long __weak uprobe_get_swbp_addr(struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern int uprobe_post_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern int uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs);
+extern bool uprobe_deny_signal(void);
+extern bool __weak arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(struct arch_uprobe *aup, struct pt_regs *regs);
#else /* CONFIG_UPROBES is not defined */
static inline int
uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
@@ -72,5 +102,19 @@ static inline int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
return 0;
}
+static inline void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+}
+static inline bool uprobe_deny_signal(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+static inline unsigned long uprobe_get_swbp_addr(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline void uprobe_free_utask(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_UPROBES */
#endif /* _LINUX_UPROBES_H */
diff --git a/kernel/events/uprobes.c b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
index e56e56a..a146c35 100644
--- a/kernel/events/uprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
@@ -30,9 +30,12 @@
#include <linux/rmap.h> /* anon_vma_prepare */
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> /* set_pte_at_notify */
#include <linux/swap.h> /* try_to_free_swap */
+#include <linux/ptrace.h> /* user_enable_single_step */
+#include <linux/kdebug.h> /* notifier mechanism */

#include <linux/uprobes.h>

+static struct srcu_struct uprobes_srcu;
static struct rb_root uprobes_tree = RB_ROOT;

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uprobes_treelock); /* serialize rbtree access */
@@ -486,6 +489,9 @@ static struct uprobe *insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
u = __insert_uprobe(uprobe);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);

+ /* For now assume that the instruction need not be single-stepped */
+ uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+
return u;
}

@@ -523,6 +529,21 @@ static struct uprobe *alloc_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
return uprobe;
}

+static void handler_chain(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_consumer *uc;
+
+ if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER))
+ return;
+
+ down_read(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+ for (uc = uprobe->consumers; uc; uc = uc->next) {
+ if (!uc->filter || uc->filter(uc, current))
+ uc->handler(uc, regs);
+ }
+ up_read(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+}
+
/* Returns the previous consumer */
static struct uprobe_consumer *
consumer_add(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
@@ -645,7 +666,7 @@ install_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
if (is_swbp_insn((uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->arch.insn))
return -EEXIST;

- ret = arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm);
+ ret = arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm);
if (ret)
return ret;

@@ -662,10 +683,21 @@ remove_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, loff_t vaddr)
set_orig_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, (unsigned long)vaddr, true);
}

+/*
+ * There could be threads that have hit the breakpoint and are entering the
+ * notifier code and trying to acquire the uprobes_treelock. The thread
+ * calling delete_uprobe() that is removing the uprobe from the rb_tree can
+ * race with these threads and might acquire the uprobes_treelock compared
+ * to some of the breakpoint hit threads. In such a case, the breakpoint
+ * hit threads will not find the uprobe. The current unregistering thread
+ * waits till all other threads have hit a breakpoint, to acquire the
+ * uprobes_treelock before the uprobe is removed from the rbtree.
+ */
static void delete_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
{
unsigned long flags;

+ synchronize_srcu(&uprobes_srcu);
spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
rb_erase(&uprobe->rb_node, &uprobes_tree);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
@@ -1010,6 +1042,279 @@ int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return ret;
}

+/**
+ * uprobe_get_swbp_addr - compute address of swbp given post-swbp regs
+ * @regs: Reflects the saved state of the task after it has hit a breakpoint
+ * instruction.
+ * Return the address of the breakpoint instruction.
+ */
+unsigned long __weak uprobe_get_swbp_addr(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return instruction_pointer(regs) - UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called with no locks held.
+ * Called in context of a exiting or a exec-ing thread.
+ */
+void uprobe_free_utask(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = t->utask;
+
+ if (t->uprobe_srcu_id != -1)
+ srcu_read_unlock_raw(&uprobes_srcu, t->uprobe_srcu_id);
+
+ if (!utask)
+ return;
+
+ if (utask->active_uprobe)
+ put_uprobe(utask->active_uprobe);
+
+ kfree(utask);
+ t->utask = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate a uprobe_task object for the task.
+ * Called when the thread hits a breakpoint for the first time.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * - pointer to new uprobe_task on success
+ * - NULL otherwise
+ */
+static struct uprobe_task *add_utask(void)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ utask = kzalloc(sizeof *utask, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!utask))
+ return NULL;
+
+ utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
+ current->utask = utask;
+ return utask;
+}
+
+/* Prepare to single-step probed instruction out of line. */
+static int
+pre_ssout(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ return -EFAULT;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If we are singlestepping, then ensure this thread is not connected to
+ * non-fatal signals until completion of singlestep. When xol insn itself
+ * triggers the signal, restart the original insn even if the task is
+ * already SIGKILL'ed (since coredump should report the correct ip). This
+ * is even more important if the task has a handler for SIGSEGV/etc, The
+ * _same_ instruction should be repeated again after return from the signal
+ * handler, and SSTEP can never finish in this case.
+ */
+bool uprobe_deny_signal(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = t->utask;
+
+ if (likely(!utask || !utask->active_uprobe))
+ return false;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(utask->state != UTASK_SSTEP);
+
+ if (signal_pending(t)) {
+ spin_lock_irq(&t->sighand->siglock);
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&t->sighand->siglock);
+
+ if (__fatal_signal_pending(t) || arch_uprobe_xol_was_trapped(t)) {
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP_TRAPPED;
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_UPROBE);
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Avoid singlestepping the original instruction if the original instruction
+ * is a NOP or can be emulated.
+ */
+static bool can_skip_sstep(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(&uprobe->arch, regs))
+ return true;
+
+ uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Run handler and ask thread to singlestep.
+ * Ensure all non-fatal signals cannot interrupt thread while it singlesteps.
+ */
+static void handle_swbp(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ unsigned long bp_vaddr;
+
+ uprobe = NULL;
+ bp_vaddr = uprobe_get_swbp_addr(regs);
+ mm = current->mm;
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ vma = find_vma(mm, bp_vaddr);
+
+ if (vma && vma->vm_start <= bp_vaddr && valid_vma(vma, false)) {
+ struct inode *inode;
+ loff_t offset;
+
+ inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
+ offset = bp_vaddr - vma->vm_start;
+ offset += (vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ uprobe = find_uprobe(inode, offset);
+ }
+
+ srcu_read_unlock_raw(&uprobes_srcu, current->uprobe_srcu_id);
+ current->uprobe_srcu_id = -1;
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ if (!uprobe) {
+ /* No matching uprobe; signal SIGTRAP. */
+ send_sig(SIGTRAP, current, 0);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (!utask) {
+ utask = add_utask();
+ /* Cannot allocate; re-execute the instruction. */
+ if (!utask)
+ goto cleanup_ret;
+ }
+ utask->active_uprobe = uprobe;
+ handler_chain(uprobe, regs);
+ if (uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP && can_skip_sstep(uprobe, regs))
+ goto cleanup_ret;
+
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP;
+ if (!pre_ssout(uprobe, regs, bp_vaddr)) {
+ user_enable_single_step(current);
+ return;
+ }
+
+cleanup_ret:
+ if (utask) {
+ utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
+ utask->state = UTASK_RUNNING;
+ }
+ if (uprobe) {
+ if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP))
+
+ /*
+ * cannot singlestep; cannot skip instruction;
+ * re-execute the instruction.
+ */
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, bp_vaddr);
+
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform required fix-ups and disable singlestep.
+ * Allow pending signals to take effect.
+ */
+static void handle_singlestep(struct uprobe_task *utask, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+
+ uprobe = utask->active_uprobe;
+ if (utask->state == UTASK_SSTEP_ACK)
+ arch_uprobe_post_xol(&uprobe->arch, regs);
+ else if (utask->state == UTASK_SSTEP_TRAPPED)
+ arch_uprobe_abort_xol(&uprobe->arch, regs);
+ else
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
+ utask->state = UTASK_RUNNING;
+ user_disable_single_step(current);
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ recalc_sigpending(); /* see uprobe_deny_signal() */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * On breakpoint hit, breakpoint notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag. (and on
+ * subsequent probe hits on the thread sets the state to UTASK_BP_HIT) and
+ * allows the thread to return from interrupt.
+ *
+ * On singlestep exception, singlestep notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag and
+ * also sets the state to UTASK_SSTEP_ACK and allows the thread to return from
+ * interrupt.
+ *
+ * While returning to userspace, thread notices the TIF_UPROBE flag and calls
+ * uprobe_notify_resume().
+ */
+void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (!utask || utask->state == UTASK_BP_HIT)
+ handle_swbp(regs);
+ else
+ handle_singlestep(utask, regs);
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier gets called from interrupt context as part of
+ * notifier mechanism. Set TIF_UPROBE flag and indicate breakpoint hit.
+ */
+int uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ if (!current->mm)
+ return 0;
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (utask)
+ utask->state = UTASK_BP_HIT;
+
+ set_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+ current->uprobe_srcu_id = srcu_read_lock_raw(&uprobes_srcu);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_post_sstep_notifier gets called in interrupt context as part of notifier
+ * mechanism. Set TIF_UPROBE flag and indicate completion of singlestep.
+ */
+int uprobe_post_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = current->utask;
+
+ if (!current->mm || !utask || !utask->active_uprobe)
+ /* task is currently not uprobed */
+ return 0;
+
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP_ACK;
+ set_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block uprobe_exception_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = arch_uprobe_exception_notify,
+ .priority = INT_MAX - 1, /* notified after kprobes, kgdb */
+};
+
static int __init init_uprobes(void)
{
int i;
@@ -1018,7 +1323,8 @@ static int __init init_uprobes(void)
mutex_init(&uprobes_mutex[i]);
mutex_init(&uprobes_mmap_mutex[i]);
}
- return 0;
+ init_srcu_struct(&uprobes_srcu);
+ return register_die_notifier(&uprobe_exception_nb);
}

static void __exit exit_uprobes(void)
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 26a7a67..36508b9 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -67,6 +67,7 @@
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/khugepaged.h>
#include <linux/signalfd.h>
+#include <linux/uprobes.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
@@ -731,6 +732,8 @@ void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
exit_pi_state_list(tsk);
#endif

+ uprobe_free_utask(tsk);
+
/* Get rid of any cached register state */
deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);

@@ -1322,6 +1325,10 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->pi_state_list);
p->pi_state_cache = NULL;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
+ p->utask = NULL;
+ p->uprobe_srcu_id = -1;
+#endif
/*
* sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
*/
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 8511e39..e93ff0a 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/uprobes.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/signal.h>

@@ -2192,6 +2193,9 @@ int get_signal_to_deliver(siginfo_t *info, struct k_sigaction *return_ka,
struct signal_struct *signal = current->signal;
int signr;

+ if (unlikely(uprobe_deny_signal()))
+ return 0;
+
relock:
/*
* We'll jump back here after any time we were stopped in TASK_STOPPED.



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-03-10 18:51    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans