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    Subjectgetdents - ext4 vs btrfs performance
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    Hi All,

    Long story short: We've found that operations on a directory structure
    holding many dirs takes ages on ext4.

    The Question: Why there's that huge difference in ext4 and btrfs? See
    below test results for real values.

    Background: I had to backup a Jenkins directory holding workspace for
    few projects which were co from svn (implies lot of extra .svn dirs).
    The copy takes lot of time (at least more than I've expected) and
    process was mostly in D (disk sleep). I've dig more and done some
    extra test to see if this is not a regression on block/fs site. To
    isolate the issue I've also performed same tests on btrfs.

    Test environment configuration:
    1) HW: HP ProLiant BL460 G6, 48 GB of memory, 2x 6 core Intel X5670 HT
    enabled, Smart Array P410i, RAID 1 on top of 2x 10K RPM SAS HDDs.
    2) Kernels: All tests were done on following kernels:
    - 2.6.39.4-3 -- the build ID (3) is used here for internal tacking of
    config changes mostly. In -3 we've introduced ,,fix readahead pipeline
    break caused by block plug'' patch. Otherwise it's pure 2.6.39.4.
    - 3.2.7 -- latest kernel at the time of testing (3.2.8 has been
    release recently).
    3) A subject of tests, directory holding:
    - 54GB of data (measured on ext4)
    - 1978149 files
    - 844008 directories
    4) Mount options:
    - ext4 -- errors=remount-ro,noatime,data=writeback
    - btrfs -- noatime,nodatacow and for later investigation on
    copression effect: noatime,nodatacow,compress=lzo

    In all tests I've been measuring time of execution. Following tests
    were performed:
    - find . -type d
    - find . -type f
    - cp -a
    - rm -rf

    Ext4 results:
    | Type | 2.6.39.4-3 | 3.2.7
    | Dir cnt | 17m 40sec | 11m 20sec
    | File cnt | 17m 36sec | 11m 22sec
    | Copy | 1h 28m | 1h 27m
    | Remove| 3m 43sec


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