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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/2 x86] fix some page faults in nmi if kmemcheck is enabled
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On Mon, 2012-02-27 at 11:58 +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Thu, 2012-02-23 at 17:53 +0800, Li Zhong wrote:
>
> > I will think further about it, and would appreciate it if you could give
> > some good ideas.
>
> *sigh*.. or you could do your own damn work..

I'm still doing the work ...

>
> > > > 2. If CONFIG_KMEMCHECK is enabled, the pages allocated through slab will
> > > > be marked as non-present, to capture uninitialized memory access. More
> > > > information in Documentation/kmemcheck.txt .
> > >
> > > So then kmemcheck is buggy, since the nmiaction structure is initialized
> > > in register_nmi_handler(), so it should most definitely not be marked
> > > non-present.
> > >
> >
> > I'm not sure whether I understand it correctly. Do you mean that
> > nmiaction is initialized in register_nmi_handler(), which indicates it
> > will be used in nmi, so it shouldn't be marked non-present?
>
> No, you said that it marks memory non-present to detect uninitialized
> stuff, but since it is initialized, it shouldn't then be non-present,
> right?

From my understanding of kmemcheck, the checking is based on the
non-present page. So while handling page fault, if the memory hasn't
been written before read, kmemcheck knows that it is uninitialized.

I think it is used to find code errors, so it need mark all non-present,
to check if there are any access to uninitialized memory.

>
> > But for kmemcheck, why need it know the information that page fault is
> > not allowed in nmi?
>
> Uh, what?

Please ignore it, as I misunderstood your point previously.

> > > > 3. From the log, there are some memories accessed in nmi, which are in
> > > > pages marked as non-present by kmemcheck, as they are allocated by
> > > > something like kmalloc().
> > >
> > > So figure out why and fix that instead of writing ugly ass patches that
> > > seemingly work around the problem without actually thinking about it.
> > >
> >
> > I think the reason is that kmalloc ( or kzalloc ... ) uses malloc_sizes
> > slab caches to allocate memory. The malloc_sizes slab caches is set up
> > without SLAB_NOTRACK flag, then kmemcheck marks the pages non-present to
> > do its check in page fault handling code. I think we shouldn't disable
> > kmemechek for the general malloc_sizes caches.
>
> Nobody said you should.. there's plenty of solutions that aren't ass
> backward stupid nor as ugly.
>
> First you need to figure out why the page is marked non-present since
> the data structure is initialized (I've got a fair idea why), then look
> if you can tell kmemcheck not to be silly like that.
>
> Alternatively you can change the nmi stuff to use static storage like
> other notifiers (see notifier_block).

OK, I will try to update the nmi one using this way.

But I think it couldn't be used to the perf stuff.
For perf, maybe it's good for kmemcheck to have some flag like
__GFP_NO_PAGE_FAULT? Currently it seems only has flags like
__GFP_NOTRACK, which will still mark page non-present.

>
> What you don't ever do is write alternative code paths that are never
> ever used except for debugging, that is just asking for problems.
>

Got it, thanks for the reminder! Previously, I thought the biggest
problem was wasting memory ...

Thanks,
Zhong




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