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Subject[PATCH 32/73] union-mount: Add clone_union_tree() and put_union_sb() [ver #2]
Date
From: Valerie Aurora <vaurora@redhat.com>

A union mount clones the vfsmount tree of all of the read-only layers
of the union and keeps a reference to it in the vfsmount of the
topmost layer of the union.

clone_union_tree() takes the path of the proposed union mountpoint and
attempts to clones every vfsmount mounted at that same pathname, as
well as their submounts. All these mounts must be read-only, not
slave, and not shared.

put_union_sb() unwinds everything clone_union_tree() does. It is
called when the superblock is deactivated. Thus, you can lazy unmount
a union mount and when the last reference goes away, the union will be
torn down.

Original-author: Valerie Aurora <vaurora@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

fs/namespace.c | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mount.h | 2 +
2 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index bed9ccd..5fbe3b0 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -1450,6 +1450,73 @@ static int check_topmost_union_mnt(struct vfsmount *topmost_mnt, int mnt_flags)
#endif
}

+void put_union_sb(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ if (unlikely(sb->s_union_lower_mnts)) {
+ struct mount *mnt = real_mount(sb->s_union_lower_mnts);
+ LIST_HEAD(umount_list);
+
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ umount_tree(mnt, 0, &umount_list);
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ release_mounts(&umount_list);
+ sb->s_union_lower_mnts = NULL;
+ sb->s_union_count = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * clone_union_tree - Clone all union-able mounts at this mountpoint
+ * @topmost: vfsmount of topmost layer
+ * @mntpnt: target of union mount
+ *
+ * Given the target mountpoint of a union mount, clone all the mounts at that
+ * mountpoint (well, pathname) that qualify as a union lower layer. Increment
+ * the hard readonly count of the lower layer superblocks.
+ *
+ * Returns error if any of the mounts or submounts mounted on or below this
+ * pathname are unsuitable for union mounting. This means you can't construct
+ * a union mount at the root of an existing mount without unioning it.
+ *
+ * XXX - Maybe should take # of layers to go down as an argument. But how to
+ * pass this in through mount options? All solutions look ugly. Currently you
+ * express your intention through mounting file systems on the same mountpoint,
+ * which is pretty elegant.
+ */
+static int clone_union_tree(struct mount *topmost, struct path *mntpnt)
+{
+ struct mount *mnt, *cloned_tree;
+
+ if (!IS_ROOT(mntpnt->dentry)) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "union mount: mount point must be a root dir\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* Look for the "lowest" layer to union. */
+ mnt = real_mount(mntpnt->mnt);
+ while (mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_root == mnt->mnt_mountpoint) {
+ /* Got root (mnt)? */
+ if (mnt->mnt_parent == mnt)
+ break;
+ mnt = mnt->mnt_parent;
+ }
+
+ /* Clone all the read-only mounts and submounts, only if they
+ * are not shared or slave, and increment the hard read-only
+ * users count on each one. If this can't be done for every
+ * mount and submount below this one, fail.
+ */
+ cloned_tree = copy_tree(mnt, mnt->mnt.mnt_root,
+ CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE |
+ CL_NO_SHARED | CL_NO_SLAVE |
+ CL_MAKE_HARD_READONLY);
+ if (IS_ERR(cloned_tree))
+ return PTR_ERR(cloned_tree);
+
+ topmost->mnt.mnt_sb->s_union_lower_mnts = &cloned_tree->mnt;
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached
* @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached
diff --git a/include/linux/mount.h b/include/linux/mount.h
index 0ba1def..67f46fa 100644
--- a/include/linux/mount.h
+++ b/include/linux/mount.h
@@ -78,4 +78,6 @@ extern void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts);

extern dev_t name_to_dev_t(char *name);

+extern void put_union_sb(struct super_block *sb);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_MOUNT_H */


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