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SubjectRe: Re: [PATCH v2 3/3] i387: support lazy restore of FPU state

> Sender : Josh Boyer<jwboyer@gmail.com>
> Date : 2012-02-21 10:50 (GMT+09:00)
> Title : Re: [PATCH v2 3/3] i387: support lazy restore of FPU state
>
> > On Mon, Feb 20, 2012 at 2:48 PM, Linus Torvalds
> > wrote:
> >
> > From: Linus Torvalds
> > Date: Sun, 19 Feb 2012 13:27:00 -0800
> > Subject: [PATCH v2 3/3] i387: support lazy restore of FPU state
> >
> > This makes us recognize when we try to restore FPU state that matches
> > what we already have in the FPU on this CPU, and avoids the restore
> > entirely if so.
> >
> > To do this, we add two new data fields:
> >
> > - a percpu 'fpu_owner_task' variable that gets written any time we
> > update the "has_fpu" field, and thus acts as a kind of back-pointer
> > to the task that owns the CPU. The exception is when we save the FPU
> > state as part of a context switch - if the save can keep the FPU
> > state around, we leave the 'fpu_owner_task' variable pointing at the
> > task whose FP state still remains on the CPU.
> >
> > - a per-thread 'last_cpu' field, that indicates which CPU that thread
> > used its FPU on last. We update this on every context switch
> > (writing an invalid CPU number if the last context switch didn't
> > leave the FPU in a lazily usable state), so we know that *that*
> > thread has done nothing else with the FPU since.
> >
> > These two fields together can be used when next switching back to the
> > task to see if the CPU still matches: if 'fpu_owner_task' matches the
> > task we are switching to, we know that no other task (or kernel FPU
> > usage) touched the FPU on this CPU in the meantime, and if the current
> > CPU number matches the 'last_cpu' field, we know that this thread did no
> > other FP work on any other CPU, so the FPU state on the CPU must match
> > what was saved on last context switch.
> >
> > In that case, we can avoid the 'f[x]rstor' entirely, and just clear the
> > CR0.TS bit.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds
>
> I haven't tried really figuring this out yet, but building the Fedora kernel
> on x86_64 with your latest tree results in:
>
> ERROR: "fpu_owner_task" [lib/raid6/raid6_pq.ko] undefined!
> ERROR: "fpu_owner_task" [arch/x86/kvm/kvm.ko] undefined!
> ERROR: "fpu_owner_task" [arch/x86/crypto/sha1-ssse3.ko] undefined!
> ERROR: "fpu_owner_task" [arch/x86/crypto/serpent-sse2-x86_64.ko] undefined!
> ERROR: "fpu_owner_task" [arch/x86/crypto/ghash-clmulni-intel.ko] undefined!
> make[1]: *** [__modpost] Error 1
> make: *** [modules] Error 2
> + exit 1
>
> Since this patch went in as 7e16838d94b566a1, I'm guessing it's at least
> related.
>
> I'm building again with more verbose output but I thought I'd send this out
> quickly.
>
> josh
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Similar here, with 32bit x86 build.

[snip]
LD net/built-in.o
LD vmlinux.o
MODPOST vmlinux.o
GEN .version
CHK include/generated/compile.h
UPD include/generated/compile.h
CC init/version.o
LD init/built-in.o
LD .tmp_vmlinux1
arch/x86/built-in.o: In function `__thread_clear_has_fpu':
/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:300: undefined reference to `fpu_owner_task'
arch/x86/built-in.o: In function `__thread_set_has_fpu':
/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:307: undefined reference to `fpu_owner_task'
arch/x86/built-in.o: In function `fpu_lazy_restore':
/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:354: undefined reference to `fpu_owner_task'
arch/x86/built-in.o: In function `__thread_set_has_fpu':
/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:307: undefined reference to `fpu_owner_task'
arch/x86/built-in.o: In function `__thread_clear_has_fpu':
/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:300: undefined reference to `fpu_owner_task'
arch/x86/built-in.o:/usr/src/linux/arch/x86/include/asm/i387.h:300: more undefined references to `fpu_owner_task' follow
make: *** [.tmp_vmlinux1] Error


In case you need my .config, please let me know~.

Jongman Heo.
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