lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Dec]   [5]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/5] mempolicy: fix a memory corruption by refcount imbalance in alloc_pages_vma()
On Tue, 4 Dec 2012, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Tue, Dec 04, 2012 at 02:54:08PM +0200, Tommi Rantala wrote:
> > 2012/10/9 Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>:
> > > commit 00442ad04a5eac08a98255697c510e708f6082e2 upstream.
> > >
> > > Commit cc9a6c877661 ("cpuset: mm: reduce large amounts of memory barrier
> > > related damage v3") introduced a potential memory corruption.
> > > shmem_alloc_page() uses a pseudo vma and it has one significant unique
> > > combination, vma->vm_ops=NULL and vma->policy->flags & MPOL_F_SHARED.
> > >
> > > get_vma_policy() does NOT increase a policy ref when vma->vm_ops=NULL
> > > and mpol_cond_put() DOES decrease a policy ref when a policy has
> > > MPOL_F_SHARED. Therefore, when a cpuset update race occurs,
> > > alloc_pages_vma() falls in 'goto retry_cpuset' path, decrements the
> > > reference count and frees the policy prematurely.
> >
> > Hello,
> >
> > kmemleak is complaining about memory leaks that point to the mbind()
> > syscall. I've seen this only in v3.7-rcX, so I bisected this, and
> > found that this patch is the first mainline commit where I'm able to
> > reproduce it with Trinity.
> >
>
> Uncool.
>
> I'm writing this from an airport so am not in the position to test properly
> but at a glance I'm not seeing what drops the reference count taken by
> mpol_shared_policy_lookup() in all cases. vm_ops->get_policy() probably
> gets it right but what about shmem_alloc_page() and shmem_swapin()?
>
> This patch is only compile tested. If the reference counts are dropped
> somewhere I did not spot quickly then it'll cause a use-after-free bug
> instead but is worth trying anyway.
>
> diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
> index 89341b6..6229a43 100644
> --- a/mm/shmem.c
> +++ b/mm/shmem.c
> @@ -912,6 +912,7 @@ static struct page *shmem_swapin(swp_entry_t swap, gfp_t gfp,
> {
> struct mempolicy mpol, *spol;
> struct vm_area_struct pvma;
> + struct page *page;
>
> spol = mpol_cond_copy(&mpol,
> mpol_shared_policy_lookup(&info->policy, index));
> @@ -922,13 +923,19 @@ static struct page *shmem_swapin(swp_entry_t swap, gfp_t gfp,
> pvma.vm_pgoff = index + info->vfs_inode.i_ino;
> pvma.vm_ops = NULL;
> pvma.vm_policy = spol;
> - return swapin_readahead(swap, gfp, &pvma, 0);
> + page = swapin_readahead(swap, gfp, &pvma, 0);
> +
> + /* Drop reference taken by mpol_shared_policy_lookup() */
> + mpol_cond_put(pvma.vm_policy);
> +
> + return page;
> }
>
> static struct page *shmem_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp,
> struct shmem_inode_info *info, pgoff_t index)
> {
> struct vm_area_struct pvma;
> + struct page *page;
>
> /* Create a pseudo vma that just contains the policy */
> pvma.vm_start = 0;
> @@ -940,7 +947,12 @@ static struct page *shmem_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp,
> /*
> * alloc_page_vma() will drop the shared policy reference
> */
> - return alloc_page_vma(gfp, &pvma, 0);
> + page = alloc_page_vma(gfp, &pvma, 0);
> +
> + /* Drop reference taken by mpol_shared_policy_lookup() */
> + mpol_cond_put(pvma.vm_policy);
> +
> + return page;
> }
> #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */
> #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS

Thank you, Tommi and Mel. Easy enough for me to reproduce without
kmemleak and trinity, by mounting a tmpfs with mpol= and keeping an
eye on numa_policy in /proc/slabinfo while building a tree there.

Yes, your patch fixes it Mel, but I prefer it as below, with a couple
of mods: removing the no longer true comment, and leaving shmem_swapin()
alone with just a comment. It appears to be the job of the rather weird
mpol_cond_copy() to drop the reference on the original mempolicy, and
clear MPOL_F_SHARED so the copy won't need one (it's trying to cope with
the fact that swapin_readahead will make an unknown number of calls to
alloc_page_vma). So I'd rather not add another mpol_cond_put there,
whose cond will never be met.

I don't much like the result, but that's because it's adding further
cruft on top of the onstack pseudo-vma stuff: more impetus for me to
revisit the alloc_page_mpol() patch I worked on years ago, but gave
up when I couldn't understand the mpol refcounting: hopefully I'll
find that Kosaki's changes have made it all clearer now.

Please consent to the addition of your signoff: thanks!


[PATCH] tmpfs: fix shared mempolicy leak

From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>

Commit 00442ad04a5e ("mempolicy: fix a memory corruption by refcount
imbalance in alloc_pages_vma()") changed get_vma_policy() to raise the
refcount on a shmem shared mempolicy; whereas shmem_alloc_page() went
on expecting alloc_page_vma() to drop the refcount it had acquired.
This deserves a rework: but for now fix the leak in shmem_alloc_page().

Reported-by: Tommi Rantala <tt.rantala@gmail.com>
Awaiting-Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
---

mm/shmem.c | 14 ++++++++++----
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- 3.7-rc8/mm/shmem.c 2012-11-16 19:26:56.388459961 -0800
+++ linux/mm/shmem.c 2012-12-04 20:00:44.556241603 -0800
@@ -922,13 +922,17 @@ static struct page *shmem_swapin(swp_ent
pvma.vm_pgoff = index + info->vfs_inode.i_ino;
pvma.vm_ops = NULL;
pvma.vm_policy = spol;
+
return swapin_readahead(swap, gfp, &pvma, 0);
+
+ /* mpol_cond_copy already dropped ref from mpol_shared_policy_lookup */
}

static struct page *shmem_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp,
struct shmem_inode_info *info, pgoff_t index)
{
struct vm_area_struct pvma;
+ struct page *page;

/* Create a pseudo vma that just contains the policy */
pvma.vm_start = 0;
@@ -937,10 +941,12 @@ static struct page *shmem_alloc_page(gfp
pvma.vm_ops = NULL;
pvma.vm_policy = mpol_shared_policy_lookup(&info->policy, index);

- /*
- * alloc_page_vma() will drop the shared policy reference
- */
- return alloc_page_vma(gfp, &pvma, 0);
+ page = alloc_page_vma(gfp, &pvma, 0);
+
+ /* Drop reference taken by mpol_shared_policy_lookup() */
+ mpol_cond_put(pvma.vm_policy);
+
+ return page;
}
#else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */
#ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-12-05 07:02    [W:0.087 / U:30.072 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site