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Subject[PATCH 00/16] mm: use augmented rbtrees for finding unmapped areas
Earlier this year, Rik proposed using augmented rbtrees to optimize
our search for a suitable unmapped area during mmap(). This prompted
my work on improving the augmented rbtree code. Rik doesn't seem to
have time to follow up on his idea at this time, so I'm sending this
series to revive the idea.

These changes are against v3.7-rc4. I have not converted all applicable
architectuers yet, but we don't necessarily need to get them all onboard
at once - the series is fully bisectable and additional architectures
can be added later on. I am confident enough in my tests for patches 1-8;
however the second half of the series basically didn't get tested as
I don't have access to all the relevant architectures.

Change log since the previous (RFC) send:
- Added bug fix in validate_mm(), noticed by Sasha Levin and figured
out by Bob Liu, which sometimes caused NULL pointer dereference when
running with CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB=y
- Fixed generic and x86_64 arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown to avoid
allocating new areas at addr=0 as suggested by Rik Van Riel
- Converted more architectures to use the new vm_unmapped_area()
search function
- Converted hugetlbfs (generic / i386 / sparc64 / tile) to use the new
vm_unmapped_area() search function as well.

In this resend, I have kept Rik's Reviewed-by tags from the original
RFC submission for patches that haven't been updated other than applying
his suggestions.

Patch 1 is the validate_mm() fix from Bob Liu (+ fixed-the-fix from me :)

Patch 2 augments the VMA rbtree with a new rb_subtree_gap field,
indicating the length of the largest gap immediately preceding any
VMAs in a subtree.

Patch 3 adds new checks to CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB to verify the above
information is correctly maintained.

Patch 4 rearranges the vm_area_struct layout so that rbtree searches only
need data that is contained in the first cacheline (this one is from
Rik's original patch series)

Patch 5 adds a generic vm_unmapped_area() search function, which
allows for searching for an address space of any desired length,
within [low; high[ address constraints, with any desired alignment.
The generic arch_get_unmapped_area[_topdown] functions are also converted
to use this.

Patch 6 converts the x86_64 arch_get_unmapped_area[_topdown] functions
to use vm_unmapped_area() as well.

Patch 7 fixes cache coloring on x86_64, as suggested by Rik in his
previous series.

Patch 8 and 9 convert the generic and i386 hugetlbfs code to use

Patches 10-16 convert extra architectures to use vm_unmapped_area()

I'm happy that this series removes more code than it adds, as calling
vm_unmapped_area() with the desired arguments is quite shorter than
duplicating the brute force algorithm all over the place. There is
still a bit of repetition between various implementations of
arch_get_unmapped_area[_topdown] functions that could probably be
simplified somehow, but I feel we can keep that for a later step...

Michel Lespinasse (15):
mm: add anon_vma_lock to validate_mm()
mm: augment vma rbtree with rb_subtree_gap
mm: check rb_subtree_gap correctness
mm: vm_unmapped_area() lookup function
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on x86_64 architecture
mm: fix cache coloring on x86_64 architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() in hugetlbfs
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() in hugetlbfs on i386 architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on mips architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on arm architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on sh architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on sparc64 architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() in hugetlbfs on sparc64 architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on sparc32 architecture
mm: use vm_unmapped_area() in hugetlbfs on tile architecture

Rik van Riel (1):
mm: rearrange vm_area_struct for fewer cache misses

arch/arm/mm/mmap.c | 119 ++--------
arch/mips/mm/mmap.c | 99 ++-------
arch/sh/mm/mmap.c | 126 ++---------
arch/sparc/kernel/sys_sparc_32.c | 24 +--
arch/sparc/kernel/sys_sparc_64.c | 132 +++---------
arch/sparc/mm/hugetlbpage.c | 123 +++--------
arch/tile/mm/hugetlbpage.c | 139 ++----------
arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h | 6 +-
arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c | 151 +++----------
arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c | 130 ++---------
arch/x86/vdso/vma.c | 2 +-
fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c | 42 +---
include/linux/mm.h | 31 +++
include/linux/mm_types.h | 19 ++-
mm/mmap.c | 452 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
15 files changed, 616 insertions(+), 979 deletions(-)


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