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SubjectRe: Apparent serious progressive ext4 data corruption bug in 3.6.3 (and other stable branches?)
On 10/24/12 3:17 PM, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Tue 23-10-12 19:57:09, Eric Sandeen wrote:
>> On 10/23/12 5:19 PM, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
>>> On Tue, Oct 23, 2012 at 09:57:08PM +0100, Nix wrote:
>>>>
>>>> It is now quite clear that this is a bug introduced by one or more of
>>>> the post-3.6.1 ext4 patches (which have all been backported at least to
>>>> 3.5, so the problem is probably there too).
>>>>
>>>> [ 60.290844] EXT4-fs error (device dm-3): ext4_mb_generate_buddy:741: group 202, 1583 clusters in bitmap, 1675 in gd
>>>> [ 60.291426] JBD2: Spotted dirty metadata buffer (dev = dm-3, blocknr = 0). There's a risk of filesystem corruption in case of system crash.
>>>>
>>>
>>> I think I've found the problem. I believe the commit at fault is commit
>>> 14b4ed22a6 (upstream commit eeecef0af5e):
>>>
>>> jbd2: don't write superblock when if its empty
>>>
>>> which first appeared in v3.6.2.
>>>
>>> The reason why the problem happens rarely is that the effect of the
>>> buggy commit is that if the journal's starting block is zero, we fail
>>> to truncate the journal when we unmount the file system. This can
>>> happen if we mount and then unmount the file system fairly quickly,
>>> before the log has a chance to wrap.After the first time this has
>>> happened, it's not a disaster, since when we replay the journal, we'll
>>> just replay some extra transactions. But if this happens twice, the
>>> oldest valid transaction will still not have gotten updated, but some
>>> of the newer transactions from the last mount session will have gotten
>>> written by the very latest transacitons, and when we then try to do
>>> the extra transaction replays, the metadata blocks can end up getting
>>> very scrambled indeed.
>>
>> I'm stumped by this; maybe Ted can see if I'm missing something.
>>
>> (and Nix, is there anything special about your fs? Any nondefault
>> mkfs or mount options, external journal, inordinately large fs, or
>> anything like that?)
>>
>> The suspect commit added this in jbd2_mark_journal_empty():
>>
>> /* Is it already empty? */
>> if (sb->s_start == 0) {
>> read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
>> return;
>> }
>>
>> thereby short circuiting the function.
>>
>> But Ted's suggestion that mounting the fs, doing a little work, and
>> unmounting before we wrap would lead to this doesn't make sense to
>> me. When I do a little work, s_start is at 1, not 0. We start
>> the journal at s_first:
>>
>> load_superblock()
>> journal->j_first = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first);
>>
>> And when we wrap the journal, we wrap back to j_first:
>>
>> jbd2_journal_next_log_block():
>> if (journal->j_head == journal->j_last)
>> journal->j_head = journal->j_first;
>>
>> and j_first comes from s_first, which is set at journal creation
>> time to be "1" for an internal journal.
>>
>> So s_start == 0 sure looks special to me; so far I can only see that
>> we get there if we've been through jbd2_mark_journal_empty() already,
>> though I'm eyeballing jbd2_journal_get_log_tail() as well.
>>
>> Ted's proposed patch seems harmless but so far I don't understand
>> what problem it fixes, and I cannot recreate getting to
>> jbd2_mark_journal_empty() with a dirty log and s_start == 0.
> Agreed. I rather thing we might miss journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FLUSHED
> when shortcircuiting jbd2_mark_journal_empty(). But I still don't exactly
> see how that would cause the corruption...

Agreed, except so far I cannot see any way to get here with s_start == 0
without ALREADY having JBD2_FLUSHED set. Can you?

Anyway, I think the problem is still poorly understood; lots of random facts
floating about, and a pretty weird usecase with nonstandard/dangerous mount
options. I do want to figure out what regressed (if anything) but so far
this investigation doesn't seem very methodical.

-Eric

> Honza
>



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