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SubjectRe: Apparent serious progressive ext4 data corruption bug in 3.6.3 (and other stable branches?)
On Tue 23-10-12 19:57:09, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 10/23/12 5:19 PM, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
> > On Tue, Oct 23, 2012 at 09:57:08PM +0100, Nix wrote:
> >>
> >> It is now quite clear that this is a bug introduced by one or more of
> >> the post-3.6.1 ext4 patches (which have all been backported at least to
> >> 3.5, so the problem is probably there too).
> >>
> >> [ 60.290844] EXT4-fs error (device dm-3): ext4_mb_generate_buddy:741: group 202, 1583 clusters in bitmap, 1675 in gd
> >> [ 60.291426] JBD2: Spotted dirty metadata buffer (dev = dm-3, blocknr = 0). There's a risk of filesystem corruption in case of system crash.
> >>
> >
> > I think I've found the problem. I believe the commit at fault is commit
> > 14b4ed22a6 (upstream commit eeecef0af5e):
> >
> > jbd2: don't write superblock when if its empty
> >
> > which first appeared in v3.6.2.
> >
> > The reason why the problem happens rarely is that the effect of the
> > buggy commit is that if the journal's starting block is zero, we fail
> > to truncate the journal when we unmount the file system. This can
> > happen if we mount and then unmount the file system fairly quickly,
> > before the log has a chance to wrap.After the first time this has
> > happened, it's not a disaster, since when we replay the journal, we'll
> > just replay some extra transactions. But if this happens twice, the
> > oldest valid transaction will still not have gotten updated, but some
> > of the newer transactions from the last mount session will have gotten
> > written by the very latest transacitons, and when we then try to do
> > the extra transaction replays, the metadata blocks can end up getting
> > very scrambled indeed.
>
> I'm stumped by this; maybe Ted can see if I'm missing something.
>
> (and Nix, is there anything special about your fs? Any nondefault
> mkfs or mount options, external journal, inordinately large fs, or
> anything like that?)
>
> The suspect commit added this in jbd2_mark_journal_empty():
>
> /* Is it already empty? */
> if (sb->s_start == 0) {
> read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
> return;
> }
>
> thereby short circuiting the function.
>
> But Ted's suggestion that mounting the fs, doing a little work, and
> unmounting before we wrap would lead to this doesn't make sense to
> me. When I do a little work, s_start is at 1, not 0. We start
> the journal at s_first:
>
> load_superblock()
> journal->j_first = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first);
>
> And when we wrap the journal, we wrap back to j_first:
>
> jbd2_journal_next_log_block():
> if (journal->j_head == journal->j_last)
> journal->j_head = journal->j_first;
>
> and j_first comes from s_first, which is set at journal creation
> time to be "1" for an internal journal.
>
> So s_start == 0 sure looks special to me; so far I can only see that
> we get there if we've been through jbd2_mark_journal_empty() already,
> though I'm eyeballing jbd2_journal_get_log_tail() as well.
>
> Ted's proposed patch seems harmless but so far I don't understand
> what problem it fixes, and I cannot recreate getting to
> jbd2_mark_journal_empty() with a dirty log and s_start == 0.
Agreed. I rather thing we might miss journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FLUSHED
when shortcircuiting jbd2_mark_journal_empty(). But I still don't exactly
see how that would cause the corruption...

Honza
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
SUSE Labs, CR


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