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SubjectRe: [patch v2 0/8]block: An IOPS based ioscheduler
On Mon, 2012-01-30 at 15:02 +0800, Shaohua Li wrote:
> An IOPS based I/O scheduler
> Flash based storage has some different characteristics against rotate disk.
> 1. no I/O seek.
> 2. read and write I/O cost usually is much different.
> 3. Time which a request takes depends on request size.
> 4. High throughput and IOPS, low latency.
> CFQ iosched does well for rotate disk, for example fair dispatching, idle
> for sequential read. It also has optimization for flash based storage (for
> item 1 above), but overall it's not designed for flash based storage. It's
> a slice based algorithm. Since flash based storage request cost is very
> low, and drive has big queue_depth is quite popular now which makes
> dispatching cost even lower, CFQ's slice accounting (jiffy based)
> doesn't work well. CFQ doesn't consider above item 2 & 3.
> FIOPS (Fair IOPS) ioscheduler is trying to fix the gaps. It's IOPS based, so
> only targets for drive without I/O seek. It's quite similar like CFQ, but
> the dispatch decision is made according to IOPS instead of slice.
> To illustrate the design goals, let's compare Noop and CFQ:
> Noop: best throughput; No fairness and high latency for sync.
> CFQ: lower throughput in some cases; fairness and low latency for sync.
> CFQ throughput is slow sometimes because it doesn't drive deep queue depth.
> FIOPS adopts some merits of CFQ, for example, fairness and bias sync workload.
> And it will be faster than CFQ in general.
> Note, if workload iodepth is low, there is no way to maintain fairness without
> performance sacrifice. Neither with CFQ. In such case, FIOPS will choose to not
> lose performance because flash based storage is usually very fast and expensive,
> performance is more important.
> The algorithm is simple. Drive has a service tree, and each task lives in
> the tree. The key into the tree is called vios (virtual I/O). Every request
> has vios, which is calculated according to its ioprio, request size and so
> on. Task's vios is the sum of vios of all requests it dispatches. FIOPS
> always selects task with minimum vios in the service tree and let the task
> dispatch request. The dispatched request's vios is then added to the task's
> vios and the task is repositioned in the sevice tree.
> Benchmarks results:
> SSD I'm using: max throughput read: 250m/s; write: 80m/s. max IOPS for 4k
> request read 40k/s; write 20k/s
> Latency and fairness tests are done in a desktop with one SSD and kernel
> parameter mem=1G. I'll compare noop, cfq and fiops in such workload. The test
> script and result is attached.
attached is the fio scripts I used for latency and fairness test and
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