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Subject[72/75] ipv4: reintroduce route cache garbage collector
3.1-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------


From: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>

[ Upstream commit 9f28a2fc0bd77511f649c0a788c7bf9a5fd04edb ]

Commit 2c8cec5c10b (ipv4: Cache learned PMTU information in inetpeer)
removed IP route cache garbage collector a bit too soon, as this gc was
responsible for expired routes cleanup, releasing their neighbour
reference.

As pointed out by Robert Gladewitz, recent kernels can fill and exhaust
their neighbour cache.

Reintroduce the garbage collection, since we'll have to wait our
neighbour lookups become refcount-less to not depend on this stuff.

Reported-by: Robert Gladewitz <gladewitz@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
---
net/ipv4/route.c | 106 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 106 insertions(+)

--- a/net/ipv4/route.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/route.c
@@ -134,6 +134,9 @@ static int ip_rt_min_advmss __read_mostl
static int rt_chain_length_max __read_mostly = 20;
static int redirect_genid;

+static struct delayed_work expires_work;
+static unsigned long expires_ljiffies;
+
/*
* Interface to generic destination cache.
*/
@@ -831,6 +834,97 @@ static int has_noalias(const struct rtab
return ONE;
}

+static void rt_check_expire(void)
+{
+ static unsigned int rover;
+ unsigned int i = rover, goal;
+ struct rtable *rth;
+ struct rtable __rcu **rthp;
+ unsigned long samples = 0;
+ unsigned long sum = 0, sum2 = 0;
+ unsigned long delta;
+ u64 mult;
+
+ delta = jiffies - expires_ljiffies;
+ expires_ljiffies = jiffies;
+ mult = ((u64)delta) << rt_hash_log;
+ if (ip_rt_gc_timeout > 1)
+ do_div(mult, ip_rt_gc_timeout);
+ goal = (unsigned int)mult;
+ if (goal > rt_hash_mask)
+ goal = rt_hash_mask + 1;
+ for (; goal > 0; goal--) {
+ unsigned long tmo = ip_rt_gc_timeout;
+ unsigned long length;
+
+ i = (i + 1) & rt_hash_mask;
+ rthp = &rt_hash_table[i].chain;
+
+ if (need_resched())
+ cond_resched();
+
+ samples++;
+
+ if (rcu_dereference_raw(*rthp) == NULL)
+ continue;
+ length = 0;
+ spin_lock_bh(rt_hash_lock_addr(i));
+ while ((rth = rcu_dereference_protected(*rthp,
+ lockdep_is_held(rt_hash_lock_addr(i)))) != NULL) {
+ prefetch(rth->dst.rt_next);
+ if (rt_is_expired(rth)) {
+ *rthp = rth->dst.rt_next;
+ rt_free(rth);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (rth->dst.expires) {
+ /* Entry is expired even if it is in use */
+ if (time_before_eq(jiffies, rth->dst.expires)) {
+nofree:
+ tmo >>= 1;
+ rthp = &rth->dst.rt_next;
+ /*
+ * We only count entries on
+ * a chain with equal hash inputs once
+ * so that entries for different QOS
+ * levels, and other non-hash input
+ * attributes don't unfairly skew
+ * the length computation
+ */
+ length += has_noalias(rt_hash_table[i].chain, rth);
+ continue;
+ }
+ } else if (!rt_may_expire(rth, tmo, ip_rt_gc_timeout))
+ goto nofree;
+
+ /* Cleanup aged off entries. */
+ *rthp = rth->dst.rt_next;
+ rt_free(rth);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_bh(rt_hash_lock_addr(i));
+ sum += length;
+ sum2 += length*length;
+ }
+ if (samples) {
+ unsigned long avg = sum / samples;
+ unsigned long sd = int_sqrt(sum2 / samples - avg*avg);
+ rt_chain_length_max = max_t(unsigned long,
+ ip_rt_gc_elasticity,
+ (avg + 4*sd) >> FRACT_BITS);
+ }
+ rover = i;
+}
+
+/*
+ * rt_worker_func() is run in process context.
+ * we call rt_check_expire() to scan part of the hash table
+ */
+static void rt_worker_func(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ rt_check_expire();
+ schedule_delayed_work(&expires_work, ip_rt_gc_interval);
+}
+
/*
* Perturbation of rt_genid by a small quantity [1..256]
* Using 8 bits of shuffling ensure we can call rt_cache_invalidate()
@@ -3176,6 +3270,13 @@ static ctl_table ipv4_route_table[] = {
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies,
},
{
+ .procname = "gc_interval",
+ .data = &ip_rt_gc_interval,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies,
+ },
+ {
.procname = "redirect_load",
.data = &ip_rt_redirect_load,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
@@ -3385,6 +3486,11 @@ int __init ip_rt_init(void)
devinet_init();
ip_fib_init();

+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK_DEFERRABLE(&expires_work, rt_worker_func);
+ expires_ljiffies = jiffies;
+ schedule_delayed_work(&expires_work,
+ net_random() % ip_rt_gc_interval + ip_rt_gc_interval);
+
if (ip_rt_proc_init())
printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to create route proc files\n");
#ifdef CONFIG_XFRM



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