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SubjectRe: [RFC] Future TTM DMA direction
OK, revisiting this again, please see inline below,

On 01/10/2012 06:46 PM, Jerome Glisse wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 09, 2012 at 11:11:06AM +0100, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>> On Mon, Jan 09, 2012 at 10:37:28AM +0100, Thomas Hellstrom wrote:
>>> Hi!
>>> When TTM was originally written, it was assumed that GPU apertures
>>> could address pages directly, and that the CPU could access those
>>> pages without explicit synchronization. The process of binding a
>>> page to a GPU translation table was a simple one-step operation, and
>>> we needed to worry about fragmentation in the GPU aperture only.
>>> Now that we "sort of" support DMA memory there are three things I
>>> think are missing:
>>> 1) We can't gracefully handle coherent DMA OOMs or coherent DMA
>>> (Including CMA) memory fragmentation leading to failed allocations.
>>> 2) We can't handle dynamic mapping of pages into and out of dma, and
>>> corresponding IOMMU space shortage or fragmentation, and CPU
>>> synchronization.
>>> 3) We have no straightforward way of moving pages between devices.
>>> I think a reasonable way to support this is to make binding to a
>>> non-fixed (system page based) TTM memory type a two-step binding
>>> process, so that a TTM placement consists of (DMA_TYPE, MEMORY_TYPE)
>>> instead of only (MEMORY_TYPE).
>>> In step 1) the bo is bound to a specific DMA type. These could be
>>> for example:
>>> (NONE, DYNAMIC, COHERENT, CMA), .... device dependent types could be
>>> allowed as well.
>>> In this step, we perform dma_sync_for_device, or allocate
>>> dma-specific pages maintaining LRU lists so that if we receive a DMA
>>> memory allocation OOM, we can unbind bo:s bound to the same DMA
>>> type. Standard graphics cards would then, for example, use the NONE
>>> DMA type when run on bare metal or COHERENT when run on Xen. A
>>> "COHERENT" OOM condition would then lead to eviction of another bo.
>>> (Note that DMA eviction might involve data copies and be costly, but
>>> still better than failing).
>>> Binding with the DYNAMIC memory type would mean that CPU accesses
>>> are disallowed, and that user-space CPU page mappings might need to
>>> be killed, with a corresponding sync_for_cpu if they are faulted in
>>> again (perhaps on a page-by-page basis). Any attempt to bo_kmap() a
>>> bo page bound to DYNAMIC DMA mapping should trigger a BUG.
>>> In step 2) The bo is bound to the GPU in the same way it's done
>>> today. Evicting from DMA will of course also trigger an evict from
>>> GPU, but an evict from GPU will not trigger a DMA evict.
>>> Making a bo "anonymous" and thus moveable between devices would then
>>> mean binding it to the "NONE" DMA type.
>>> Comments, suggestions?
>> Well I think we need to solve outstanding issues in the dma_buf framework
>> first. Currently dma_buf isn't really up to par to handle coherency
>> between the cpu and devices and there's also not yet any way to handle dma
>> address space fragmentation/exhaustion.
>> I fear that if you jump ahead with improving the ttm support alone we
>> might end up with something incompatible to the stuff dma_buf eventually
>> will grow, resulting in decent amounts of wasted efforts.
>> Cc'ed a bunch of relevant lists to foster input from people.
>> For a starter you seem to want much more low-level integration with the
>> dma api than existing users commonly need. E.g. if I understand things
>> correctly drivers just call dma_alloc_coherent and the platform/board code
>> then decides whether the device needs a contigious allocation from cma or
>> whether something else is good, too (e.g. vmalloc for the cpu + iommu).
>> Another thing is that I think doing lru eviction in case of dma address
>> space exhaustion (or fragmentation) needs at least awereness of what's
>> going on in the upper layers. iommus are commonly shared between devices
>> and I presume that two ttm drivers sitting behind the same iommu and
>> fighting over it's resources can lead to some hilarious outcomes.
>> Cheers, Daniel
> I am with Daniel here, while i think the ttm API change you propose are
> good idea, i think most of the issue you are listing need to be addressed
> at lower level. If ttm keeps doing its own things for GPU in its own little
> area we gonna endup in a dma getto ;)
> dma space exhaustion is somethings that is highly platform specific, on
> x86 platform it's very unlikely to happen for AMD, Intel or NVidia GPU.
> While on the ARM platform it's more likely situation, at least on current
> generation.

OK. You and Daniel have convinced me to leave OOM- and fragmentation
out of TTM, but I still think TTM DMA placement might be a good thing to
look at
when time allows.

> I believe that the dma api to allocate memory are just too limited for the
> kind of device and support we are having. The association to a device is
> too restrictive. I would rather see some new API to allocate DMA/IOMMU,
> something more flexible and more in line with the dma-buf work.
> I believe all dma allocation have a set of restriction. dma mask of the
> device, is there an iommu or not, iommu dma mask if any, iommu has a limited
> address space (note that recent x86 iommu don't have such limit). In the
> end it's not only the device dma mask that matter but also the iommu.
> For space exhaustion core dma/iommu need to grow reclaim callback so each
> driver that use the dma/iommu space can try to free/unbind things.
> In the end what i would really like to see is all the ttm page allocation
> helper moved to core kernel helper, and getting rid of ttm memory accounting
> by properly hooking up into core memory accouting so that core kernel
> infrastructure have a clue about how much memory each process really use
> include memory use by device like GPU unlike today.

I agree it would be possible and desirable to do that for the movable
pages backing bo data,
however for non-movable data structures (buffer object metadata, fence
objects) etc.
there still needs to be a way to avoid exhausting kmalloced memory.

> Anyway my point is that the 3 point you want to address need to be addressed
> first at core common DMA code rather then at ttm level. This would benefit
> all user of dma-buf and also other devices.



> Cheers,
> Jerome
> _______________________________________________
> dri-devel mailing list

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