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SubjectRe: Pinmux bindings proposal
Hi Tony,

On 19 January 2012 22:26, Tony Lindgren <> wrote:
> * Thomas Abraham <> [120119 04:37]:
>> The io-pad controller (gpio/pinmux/pinconfig) can be represented in a
>> dtsi file as below. There could be multiple io-pad controllers
>> supported in the system.
> FYI we too have too mux controller instances on omap4. That seems to
> work just fine thanks to the "pinctrl: make it possible to add multiple maps"
> patch by Linus W.
>> pctrl0: pinctrl@11400000 {
>>        compatible = "samsung,exynos4210-pinctrl";
>>        reg = <0x11400000 0x1000>;
>>        interrupts = <.......>;
>>        pin-banks = <....>;
>>        [... other properties TBD ...]
>>        #pinctrl-cells = <5>;
>> };
>> Each such node instantiates one instance of the pin-controller device.
>> The 'struct pinctrl_dev' should include a new member 'struct of_node'
>> to point to the corresponding pin-controller node in dt which
>> instantiated the controller. The pinctrl_register() function called
>> from drivers/pinctrl/pinctrl-xyz.c then registers the pin-controller
>> instance.
> Looks similar to what I have too.
>> * Specifying the pinmux/pinconfig settings in dts files:
>> Device nodes which require specific pinmux/pinconfig settings should
>> include information about the required settings. For example, a i2c
>> controller node in dts file is listed below.
>> i2c0: i2c@18000000 {
>>         [... other properties ...]
>>         pinctrl-active = <&pctrl0 5 0 2 3 0>,
>>                              <&pctrl0 5 1 2 3 0>;
>>         pinctrl-suspend = <&pctrl0 5 0 2 0 0>,
>>                                 <&pctrl0 5 1 2 0 0>;
>> };
> Maybe we should have just the active/suspend/off flags in the
> same array? Otherwise we'll end up unnecessarily repeating the
> the pin information. See the pins + #pin-args example I posted,
> which is otherwise similar.

Yes, I agree. That would be better.

>> In the example above, the specifier of pinctrl-* is specific for
>> Samsung io-pad controllers. Its format/syntax would be mainly
>> dependent on the io-pad controller used, the above is only an example
>> for Samsung io-pad controller. In the above node, the format of the
>> pinctrl-* specifier is
>> property-name = <phandle of the pin-controller
>>                            pin bank within the pin-controller
>>                            pin number within the pin-bank
>>                            pin-mux function number
>>                            pull up/down config
>>                            drive strength config>;
> Are these all just bits in one register? If so, let's say you
> have 16-bits per pin, we might be able to share the generic
> pinmux-simple.c driver I have almost ready..

no, these get written to different registers, one for pinmux, one for
pull up/down and one for drive strength. It would be helpful of your
pinmux-simple.c can support writes to multiple registers also.

> The format would then be
>        #pin-args <4>;
>        ...
>        /*    controller  offset on   idle off */
>        pins = <&pinctrl0 0x0030 0x15 0x15 0x7>;
>> * Using the pinmux/pinconfig specifier in device nodes to configure hardware.
>> A driver (for a device instantiated from device tree) would require
>> code to be made aware of the pinmux/pinconfig options available. The
>> typical sequence in a probe function would be as below.
>> (a) call of_get_named_gpio() to get the gpio number. In case of
>> Samsung pinctrl driver, the pinctrl driver itself provides the gpiolib
>> functionality and it attaches a gpio specifier translator with the
>> gpio_chip. This translator is capable of translating the pinctrl-* and
>> returning a gpio number.
>> (b) gpio_request() the gpio number obtained in step (a) above.
>> (c) Repeat steps (a) and (b) until all the gpios required by the
>> driver are requested. In case a request fails, give up all the
>> successfully requested gpio and return failure.
> Can't the driver do this to request the gpio pins that you
> can get from DT and pinmux? Even if you need to do dynamic pinmuxing
> to GPIO pins for wake-up events, you can do that from the driver
> as long as you get the GPIO number for the pin from mux code.

Yes, it is the driver that finds out the gpio number from dt and
requests it. Maybe, I did not understand your point here.

With the approach that I mentioned in the previous email, there are no
pinmux, pin groups or pin desc tables built from dt. Each device node
specifies what needs to configured (pinmux,pinconfig) and the code
using that device node uses pinctrl driver to get those
pinmux/pinconfig values written to the hardware registers.

Does the dt support for pinmux/pinconfig that you are developing build
the pinmux, pin groups or pin desc tables? Do drivers have to call
pinmux_{get/put}() or pin_config_set() functions even in dt case?


> Regards,
> Tony
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