lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Jan]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRE: Pinmux bindings proposal
Date
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Stephen Warren [mailto:swarren@nvidia.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, January 18, 2012 3:09 AM
> To: Dong Aisheng-B29396; linus.walleij@stericsson.com; s.hauer@pengutronix.de;
> rob.herring@calxeda.com; kernel@pengutronix.de; cjb@laptop.org; Simon Glass
> (sjg@chromium.org); Dong Aisheng; Shawn Guo (shawn.guo@linaro.org)
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org;
> devicetree-discuss@lists.ozlabs.org
> Subject: RE: Pinmux bindings proposal
> Importance: High
>
> Dong Aisheng wrote at Monday, January 16, 2012 5:50 AM:
> > Stephen Warren wrote at Saturday, January 14, 2012 4:40 AM:
> > > I thought a bit more about pinmux DT bindings. I came up with
> > > something that I like well enough, and is pretty similar to the binding that
> Dong posted recently.
> > > I think it'll work for both Tegra's and IMX's needs.
> > > Please take a look!
> ...
> > > pinmux =
> > > <"default" &pmx_sdhci_active>
> > > <"suspend" &pmx_sdhci_suspend>;
> ...
> > > /*
> > > * Alternative: One property for each required state. But,
> > > * how does pinctrl core know which properties to parse?
> > > * Every property named "pinctrl*" seems a little too far-
> > > * reaching. Perhaps if we used vendor-name "pinmux", that'd
> > > * be OK, i.e. pinmux,default and pinmux,suspend?
> >
> > It we support whatever device-defined states, it's meaningless to use
> > one property For each required state since pinctrl core does not know
> > the property name the customer defined.
>
> Yes, that's the problem. Shawn proposed copying the clock bindings which I think
> solves all the issues; see my previous email.
> > > */
> > > pinmux = <&pmx_sdhci_active>;
> > > pinmux-suspend <&pmx_sdhci_suspend>;
> > >
> > > /* 1:n example: */
> > > pinmux = <&pmx_sdhci_mux_a &pmx_sdhci_pincfg_a>
> >
> > This looks ok to me since the mux and pincfg usually is 1 to 1.
> > And if we do not have a pincfg for a pinmux we can find a way to tell
> > the pinctl core, maybe just set pincfg phandle to 0.
>
> Just to be clear, I'll repeat part of my previous response to Shawn:
>
> * Just a further explanation on my original code: I always intended that
> * each entry in that list was a full pinmux configuration that could include
> * mux and pin configuration settings. Thus, the above is more like:
> *
> * pinctrl =
> * <"default" &pmx_sdhci_a>
> * <"default" &pmx_sdhci_overrides>
> *
> * (overrides rather than explicit separate mux/config; the separate mux
> * And config were just an example use case).
>
> So that was a list where the /examples/ had two entries, one for mux and one for
> pin config. In general, there could be 1, 2, 3, ... entries and each could
> define whatever mux and config entries they wanted.
>
I also read your reply to Shawn's mail.
I guess you mean the first "default" entry may not sufficient to use, so we allow
customer defines extra pmx_sdhci_overrides in board.dts to use?

Personally I did not see big benefits for this way but introduce a bit complexity
and make the code not clear and not easily to understand.
Why not define it completely for one pinmux group?

I think it also does not meet the current pinctrl subsystem design.
The group and functions are defined, customer only needs to tell what they want to
Use. For example, in non-dt case, a pinmux map table is enough to use.

> > > pinmux-suspend = <&pmx_sdhci_mux_a
> > > &pmx_sdhci_pincfg_a_suspend>;
> > >
> > > /*
> > > * The actual definition of the complete state of the
> > > * pinmux as required by some driver.
> > > *
> > > * These can be either directly in the device node, or
> > > * somewhere in tegra20.dtsi in order to provide pre-
> > > * selected/common configurations. Hence, they're referred
> > > * to by phandle above.
> > > */
> > > pmx_sdhci_active: {
> > > /*
> > > * Pin mux settings. Mandatory?
> >
> > Mandatory for what?
>
> I was thinking that each pin mux configuration node MUST specify at least some
> mux settings. However, that may not make sense; it may be reasonable to specify
> just pin config settings and no mux settings (in a 1:n model in the "override"
> node).
>
Yes, after looking Linus's patch to support pin states, I'm thinking for pin config
case we may need such a property or flag to tell which config of state to use by
default since we support multi states.

> >
> > > * Not mandatory if the 1:1 mentioned above is
> > > * extended to 1:n.
> > > *
> > > * Format is <&pmx_controller_phandle
> muxable_entity_id
> > > * selected_function>.
> > > *
> > > * The pmx phandle is required since there may be
> more
> > > * than one pinmux controller in the system. Even if
> > > * this node is inside the pinmux controller itself,
> I
> > > * think it's simpler to just always have this field
> > > * present in the binding for consistency.
> > > *
> > > * Alternative: Format is <&pmx_controller_phandle
> > > * pmx_controller_specific_data>. In this case, the
> > > * pmx controller needs to define #pinmux-mux-cells,
> > > * and provide the pinctrl core with a mapping
> > > * function to handle the rest of the data in the
> > > * property. This is how GPIOs and interrupts work.
> > > * However, this will probably interact badly with
> > > * wanting to parse the entire pinmux map early in
> > > * boot, when perhaps the pinctrl core is
> initialized,
> > > * but the pinctrl driver itself is not.
> > > */
> > > mux =
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1>
> > > /* Syntax example */
> > > <&foo_pmx FOO_PMX_PG_X
> > > FOO_PMX_MUX_0>;
> >
> > I'm still think how do we construct the pinmux map for such binding.
> > The format you're using is:
> > <&pmx_controller_phandle muxable_entity_id selected_function> For
> > contruct pinmux map, we need to know at least 3 things for a device:
> > a) pinctrl device b) function name c) group name.
> > For a, we can get it from this binding.
> > But for b and c, since they are constants, how to convert to name string?
>
> a) pinctrl device: We can extract this from pmx_controller_phandle; simply
> search for a device with the same OF node, and retrieve that registered device
> from the pinctrl subsystem. This is how GPIO and IRQ work.
>
Yes, I know this.

> b) function name: The pinmux_ops for the driver of pmx_controller_phandle needs
> a function to convert integer IDs such as TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1 to whatever function
> IDs are used by the pinctrl subsystem.
>
No, I guess Tegra can do this since tegra prefers to define functions and groups
In pinctrl driver.
But for IMX, we do not have these info before the imx-pinctrl driver gets run and
Parse the device tree.

> c) group name: This should be handled just like (b).
>
> Also you'll need to know:
>
> struct pinmux_map's .name field. This is the value in the pinctrl-names property,
> assuming we're switching to the following syntax:
>
> pinctrl = <&pmx_sdhci_a_active>, <&pmx_sdhci_a_suspend>;
> pinctrl-names = "default", "suspend";
>
Here the pinctrl-names are representing 'state'.
Is pinmux_map.name field used for this?

> > > /*
> > > * Pin configuration settings. Optional.
> > > *
> > > * Format is <&pmx_controller_phandle
> muxable_entity_id
> > > * configuration_option configuration_value>.
> > > */
> > > config =
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_DRIVE_STRENGTH 5>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_DRIVE_STRENGTH 5>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_SLEW_RATE 4>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_SLEW_RATE 8>;
> > > /*
> > > * Perhaps allow additional custom properties here
> to
> > > * express things we haven't thought of. The pinctrl
> > > * drivers would be responsible for parsing them.
> > > */
> > > };
> > > pmx_sdhci_standby: {
> > > mux =
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1>;
> > > config =
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_TRISTATE 1>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_TRISTATE 1>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_DRIVE_STRENGTH 5>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_DRIVE_STRENGTH 5>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_SLEW_RATE 4>
> > > <&tegra_pmx TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_SLEW_RATE 8>;
> > > };
> > > };
> > > };
> > >
> > > Integer IDs for "muxable entities": Pins on IMX, pin groups on Tegra:
> >
> > If "muxable entities" is pins on IMX, I'm wondering how we define the
> > predefined Functions and groups or if we still need to do that.
>
> By "predefined", do you mean:
>
> a) Does the DT need to list all the functions and groups.
>
> The answer here is no in general. However, if you want to parameterize your
> pinctrl driver's list of known functions and groups, then you can certainly do
> this; the pinctrl binding simple doesn't force you to do this.
>
> b) Does the pinctrl driver need to list all functions and groups to the pinctrl
> core?
>
> As the pinctrl subsystem APIs stand right now, the answer here is yes.
>
> I don't think there's really any way around this, although depending on HW, you
> can do things like:
>
> 1) Instead of defining logical functions (SDHCI1, I2C1, ...) you could simply
> define a function for each mux register value (func0, func1, ...)
>
> 2) On IMX, you'd define a pin group for each individual pin, since the HW muxing
> is at a pin not a group level.
>
Yes, this is what I'm thinking now.
If we decide to do that, the pin groups concepts of current pinmux subsystem
Seems does not fit for IMX a lot since each group is only one pin.
And the functions/groups would be hugh since IMX6Q has 196 pins and each pin may have
7 functions.

> > > TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTA
> > > TEGRA_PMX_PG_DTD
> > >
> > > Each individual pinmux driver's bindings needs to define what each
> > > integer ID represents.
> >
> > Does it mean both pinmux driver and soc.dtsi file need define those
> > macros if dtc Supports constants?
>
> Yes. As Shawn mentions later, perhaps we can find some way to define these
> values in one place, and generate both a .dtsi file and a .h file from that
> single list, or generate a .h file from the .dtsi file or vice- versa.
>
> > > Integer IDs for the "mux functions". Note that these are the raw
> > > values written into hardware, not any driver-defined abstraction,
> > > and not any kind of "virtual group" that's been invented to make OEMs life
> easier:
> > >
> > > TEGRA_PMX_MUX_0
> > > TEGRA_PMX_MUX_1
> > > ...
> > > TEGRA_PMX_MUX_3 (for Tegra, 7 for IMX)
> > >
> > > Since these are the raw IDs that go into HW, there's no need to
> > > specify each ID's meanings in the binding.
> > >
> > > Integer IDs for "pin config parameters":
> > >
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_TRISTATE
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_DRIVE_STRENGTH
> > > TEGRA_PMX_CONF_SLEW_RATE
> > >
> > > Each individual pinmux driver's bindings needs to define what each
> > > integer ID represents, and what the legal "value"s are for each one.
> > >
> > > Advantages:
> > >
> > > * Provides for both mux settings and "pin configuration".
> > >
> > > * Allows the "pinmux configuration" nodes to be part of the SoC .dtsi
> > > file if desired to provide pre-defined pinmux configurations to
> > > choose from.
> > >
> > > * Allows the "pinmux configuration" nodes to be part of the per-device
> > > node if you don't want to use pre-defined configurations.
> > >
> > > * When pre-defined configurations are present, if you need something
> > > custom, you can do it easily.
> > >
> > > * Can augment pre-defined configurations by listing n nodes for each
> > > "name"d pinmux configuration, e.g. to add one extra pin config
> > > value.
> > >
> > > * Parsing is still quite simple:
> > > 1) Parse "pinmux" property in device node to get phandle.
> > > 2) Parse "mux" property in the node reference by the phandle,
> > > splitting into a list of pmx phandle, entity, mux func.
> > > 3) For each entry, pass entity, function to the appropriate mux
> > > driver. (For U-Boot, this might mean check that the phandle
> > > points at the expected place, and ignore the entry if not?)
> > > 4) Mux driver simply converts "muxable entity" to the register
> > > address, write the "function" value straight to the register.
> > >
> > > Disadvantages:
> > >
> > > * If you're not using pre-defined configurations, you still have to dump
> > > all the pinmux configuration into a sub-node of the device node, and
> > > have a property point at it using a phandle. This is slightly more
> > > complex than simply putting the mux/config properties right into the
> > > device node. However, it additionally allows one to have multiple
> > > "name"d configurations (e.g. for suspend) very easily, and isn't overly
> > > complex, so I can live with this.
> >
> > I don't think the sub-node of the device node is a good place to
> > define Custom configurations.
> > Putting those things into device node will make its size big and also not look
> good.
> > Since it uses phandle, why not put it under pinctrl device node in board dts
> file?
> > It may also work.
>
> Both you and Shawn have said you don't like allowing the pin configurations to
> be sub-nodes of the devices. Can you expand a little more on that?
Actually I agree to reserve the pinctrl device's phandle
But..

> I mentioned
> some of my reasons for allowing this in my previous email, so see that for
> reference. I guess I have a couple more points to make:
>
> 1) It's optional. If everything you need can be represented in pre-
> defined/canned pin configuration nodes under the pin controller's node, you can
> certainly do that.
>
> 2) Putting this in the device's node seems more consistent with existing
> bindings, which put all configuration inside the device node: The IRQ binding
> places interrupt IDs and configuration (level/edge, high/low) in the device node.
> The GPIO binding places GPIO IDs and possible flags (e.g. inverted/not) in the
> device node. Etc.
>
Actually it's not a big issue and we do not have the mandatory requirement that
You have to put it in somewhere since it's referenced by phandle.
I just prefer to put it to under pinctrl device node in board.dts file to
Concentrate manager, becase I think it's a little big and more complicated and
not like not like IRQ and GPIO case.

> 3) I don't think there will be any .dtb size difference at all between putting
> the pin configuration in the pin controller node or the device node; the content
> of the sub-node will be entirely identical. The same holds true for the .dts
> files (when you consider soc.dtsi and board.dts together).
>
> --
> nvpublic
>

Regards
Dong Aisheng



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-01-18 08:27    [W:0.262 / U:7.288 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site