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Subject[PATCH] Mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps
Date
[Take 2]

Memory mmaped by glibc for a thread stack currently shows up as a simple
anonymous map, which makes it difficult to differentiate between memory
usage of the thread on stack and other dynamic allocation. Since glibc
already uses MAP_STACK to request this mapping, the attached patch
uses this flag to add additional VM_STACK_FLAGS to the resulting vma
so that the mapping is treated as a stack and not any regular
anonymous mapping. Also, one may use vm_flags to decide if a vma is a
stack.

This patch also changes the maps output to annotate stack guards for
both the process stack as well as the thread stacks. Thus is born the
[stack guard] annotation, which should be exactly a page long for the
process stack and can be longer than a page (configurable in
userspace) for POSIX compliant thread stacks. A thread stack guard is
simply page(s) with PROT_NONE.

If accepted, this should also reflect in the man page for mmap since
MAP_STACK will no longer be a noop.

Signed-off-by: Siddhesh Poyarekar <siddhesh.poyarekar@gmail.com>
---
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
include/linux/mm.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++--
mm/mmap.c | 3 +++
3 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index e418c5a..650330c 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -227,13 +227,42 @@ static void show_map_vma(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
pgoff = ((loff_t)vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT;
}

- /* We don't show the stack guard page in /proc/maps */
+ /*
+ * Mark the process stack guard, which is just one page at the
+ * beginning of the stack within the stack vma.
+ */
start = vma->vm_start;
- if (stack_guard_page_start(vma, start))
+ if (stack_guard_page_start(vma, start)) {
+ seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
+ start,
+ start + PAGE_SIZE,
+ flags & VM_READ ? 'r' : '-',
+ flags & VM_WRITE ? 'w' : '-',
+ flags & VM_EXEC ? 'x' : '-',
+ flags & VM_MAYSHARE ? 's' : 'p',
+ pgoff,
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), ino, &len);
+
+ pad_len_spaces(m, len);
+ seq_puts(m, "[stack guard]\n");
start += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
end = vma->vm_end;
- if (stack_guard_page_end(vma, end))
+ if (stack_guard_page_end(vma, end)) {
+ seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
+ end - PAGE_SIZE,
+ end,
+ flags & VM_READ ? 'r' : '-',
+ flags & VM_WRITE ? 'w' : '-',
+ flags & VM_EXEC ? 'x' : '-',
+ flags & VM_MAYSHARE ? 's' : 'p',
+ pgoff,
+ MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), ino, &len);
+
+ pad_len_spaces(m, len);
+ seq_puts(m, "[stack guard]\n");
end -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ }

seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
start,
@@ -259,8 +288,10 @@ static void show_map_vma(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
if (vma->vm_start <= mm->brk &&
vma->vm_end >= mm->start_brk) {
name = "[heap]";
- } else if (vma->vm_start <= mm->start_stack &&
- vma->vm_end >= mm->start_stack) {
+ } else if (vma_is_stack(vma) &&
+ vma_is_guard(vma)) {
+ name = "[stack guard]";
+ } else if (vma_is_stack(vma)) {
name = "[stack]";
}
} else {
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 17b27cd..4e57753 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1018,12 +1018,26 @@ static inline int vma_growsdown(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
return vma && (vma->vm_end == addr) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN);
}

+static inline int vma_is_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return vma && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSUP | VM_GROWSDOWN));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check guard set by userspace (PROT_NONE)
+ */
+static inline int vma_is_guard(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return (vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | VM_SHARED)) == 0;
+}
+
static inline int stack_guard_page_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr)
{
return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) &&
(vma->vm_start == addr) &&
- !vma_growsdown(vma->vm_prev, addr);
+ !vma_growsdown(vma->vm_prev, addr) &&
+ !vma_is_guard(vma);
}

/* Is the vma a continuation of the stack vma below it? */
@@ -1037,7 +1051,8 @@ static inline int stack_guard_page_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
{
return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) &&
(vma->vm_end == addr) &&
- !vma_growsup(vma->vm_next, addr);
+ !vma_growsup(vma->vm_next, addr) &&
+ !vma_is_guard(vma);
}

extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 3f758c7..2f9f540 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -992,6 +992,9 @@ unsigned long do_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) |
mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC;

+ if (flags & MAP_STACK)
+ vm_flags |= VM_STACK_FLAGS;
+
if (flags & MAP_LOCKED)
if (!can_do_mlock())
return -EPERM;
--
1.7.7.4


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