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Subject[PATCH RFC V4 4/5] kvm : pv-ticketlocks support for linux guests running on KVM hypervisor
Extends Linux guest running on KVM hypervisor to support pv-ticketlocks. 

During smp_boot_cpus paravirtualied KVM guest detects if the hypervisor has
required feature (KVM_FEATURE_PVLOCK_KICK) to support pv-ticketlocks. If so,
support for pv-ticketlocks is registered via pv_lock_ops.

Use KVM_HC_KICK_CPU hypercall to wakeup waiting/halted vcpu.

Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Suzuki Poulose <suzuki@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
index 7a94987..cf5327c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
@@ -195,10 +195,20 @@ void kvm_async_pf_task_wait(u32 token);
void kvm_async_pf_task_wake(u32 token);
u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void);
extern void kvm_disable_steal_time(void);
-#else
-#define kvm_guest_init() do { } while (0)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
+void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void);
+#else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
+static void kvm_spinlock_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
+
+#else /* CONFIG_KVM_GUEST */
+#define kvm_guest_init() do {} while (0)
#define kvm_async_pf_task_wait(T) do {} while(0)
#define kvm_async_pf_task_wake(T) do {} while(0)
+
static inline u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void)
{
return 0;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
index a9c2116..ec55a0b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <asm/timer.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
@@ -545,6 +546,7 @@ static void __init kvm_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void)
#endif
kvm_guest_cpu_init();
native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu();
+ kvm_spinlock_init();
}

static void __cpuinit kvm_guest_cpu_online(void *dummy)
@@ -627,3 +629,250 @@ static __init int activate_jump_labels(void)
return 0;
}
arch_initcall(activate_jump_labels);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
+
+enum kvm_contention_stat {
+ TAKEN_SLOW,
+ TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP,
+ RELEASED_SLOW,
+ RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED,
+ NR_CONTENTION_STATS
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS
+
+static struct kvm_spinlock_stats
+{
+ u32 contention_stats[NR_CONTENTION_STATS];
+
+#define HISTO_BUCKETS 30
+ u32 histo_spin_blocked[HISTO_BUCKETS+1];
+
+ u64 time_blocked;
+} spinlock_stats;
+
+static u8 zero_stats;
+
+static inline void check_zero(void)
+{
+ u8 ret;
+ u8 old = ACCESS_ONCE(zero_stats);
+ if (unlikely(old)) {
+ ret = cmpxchg(&zero_stats, old, 0);
+ /* This ensures only one fellow resets the stat */
+ if (ret == old)
+ memset(&spinlock_stats, 0, sizeof(spinlock_stats));
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void add_stats(enum kvm_contention_stat var, u32 val)
+{
+ check_zero();
+ spinlock_stats.contention_stats[var] += val;
+}
+
+
+static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
+{
+ return sched_clock();
+}
+
+static void __spin_time_accum(u64 delta, u32 *array)
+{
+ unsigned index = ilog2(delta);
+
+ check_zero();
+
+ if (index < HISTO_BUCKETS)
+ array[index]++;
+ else
+ array[HISTO_BUCKETS]++;
+}
+
+static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
+{
+ u32 delta = sched_clock() - start;
+
+ __spin_time_accum(delta, spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked);
+ spinlock_stats.time_blocked += delta;
+}
+
+static struct dentry *d_spin_debug;
+static struct dentry *d_kvm_debug;
+
+struct dentry *kvm_init_debugfs(void)
+{
+ d_kvm_debug = debugfs_create_dir("kvm", NULL);
+ if (!d_kvm_debug)
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Could not create 'kvm' debugfs directory\n");
+
+ return d_kvm_debug;
+}
+
+static int __init kvm_spinlock_debugfs(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *d_kvm = kvm_init_debugfs();
+
+ if (d_kvm == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ d_spin_debug = debugfs_create_dir("spinlocks", d_kvm);
+
+ debugfs_create_u8("zero_stats", 0644, d_spin_debug, &zero_stats);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[TAKEN_SLOW]);
+ debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow_pickup", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP]);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32("released_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[RELEASED_SLOW]);
+ debugfs_create_u32("released_slow_kicked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED]);
+
+ debugfs_create_u64("time_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.time_blocked);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32_array("histo_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked, HISTO_BUCKETS + 1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+fs_initcall(kvm_spinlock_debugfs);
+#else /* !CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
+#define TIMEOUT (1 << 10)
+static inline void add_stats(enum kvm_contention_stat var, u32 val)
+{
+}
+
+static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
+
+struct kvm_lock_waiting {
+ struct arch_spinlock *lock;
+ __ticket_t want;
+};
+
+/* cpus 'waiting' on a spinlock to become available */
+static cpumask_t waiting_cpus;
+
+/* Track spinlock on which a cpu is waiting */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvm_lock_waiting, lock_waiting);
+
+static void kvm_lock_spinning(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t want)
+{
+ struct kvm_lock_waiting *w = &__get_cpu_var(lock_waiting);
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ u64 start;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ start = spin_time_start();
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure an interrupt handler can't upset things in a
+ * partially setup state.
+ */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ /*
+ * The ordering protocol on this is that the "lock" pointer
+ * may only be set non-NULL if the "want" ticket is correct.
+ * If we're updating "want", we must first clear "lock".
+ */
+ w->lock = NULL;
+ smp_wmb();
+ w->want = want;
+ smp_wmb();
+ w->lock = lock;
+
+ add_stats(TAKEN_SLOW, 1);
+
+ /*
+ * This uses set_bit, which is atomic but we should not rely on its
+ * reordering gurantees. So barrier is needed after this call.
+ */
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
+
+ barrier();
+
+ /*
+ * Mark entry to slowpath before doing the pickup test to make
+ * sure we don't deadlock with an unlocker.
+ */
+ __ticket_enter_slowpath(lock);
+
+ /*
+ * check again make sure it didn't become free while
+ * we weren't looking.
+ */
+ if (ACCESS_ONCE(lock->tickets.head) == want) {
+ add_stats(TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP, 1);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* Allow interrupts while blocked */
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ /* halt until it's our turn and kicked. */
+ halt();
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+out:
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
+ w->lock = NULL;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ spin_time_accum_blocked(start);
+}
+PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(kvm_lock_spinning);
+
+/* Kick a cpu by its apicid*/
+static inline void kvm_kick_cpu(int apicid)
+{
+ kvm_hypercall1(KVM_HC_KICK_CPU, apicid);
+}
+
+/* Kick vcpu waiting on @lock->head to reach value @ticket */
+static void kvm_unlock_kick(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t ticket)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ int apicid;
+
+ add_stats(RELEASED_SLOW, 1);
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus) {
+ const struct kvm_lock_waiting *w = &per_cpu(lock_waiting, cpu);
+ if (ACCESS_ONCE(w->lock) == lock &&
+ ACCESS_ONCE(w->want) == ticket) {
+ add_stats(RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED, 1);
+ apicid = per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu);
+ kvm_kick_cpu(apicid);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Setup pv_lock_ops to exploit KVM_FEATURE_PVLOCK_KICK if present.
+ */
+void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void)
+{
+ if (!kvm_para_available())
+ return;
+ /* Does host kernel support KVM_FEATURE_PVLOCK_KICK? */
+ if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PVLOCK_KICK))
+ return;
+
+ jump_label_inc(&paravirt_ticketlocks_enabled);
+
+ pv_lock_ops.lock_spinning = PV_CALLEE_SAVE(kvm_lock_spinning);
+ pv_lock_ops.unlock_kick = kvm_unlock_kick;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index c7b05fc..4d7a950 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -5754,8 +5754,9 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

local_irq_disable();

- if (vcpu->mode == EXITING_GUEST_MODE || vcpu->requests
- || need_resched() || signal_pending(current)) {
+ if (vcpu->mode == EXITING_GUEST_MODE
+ || (vcpu->requests & ~(1UL<<KVM_REQ_PVLOCK_KICK))
+ || need_resched() || signal_pending(current)) {
vcpu->mode = OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE;
smp_wmb();
local_irq_enable();
@@ -6711,6 +6712,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
!vcpu->arch.apf.halted)
|| !list_empty_careful(&vcpu->async_pf.done)
|| vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED
+ || kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_PVLOCK_KICK, vcpu)
|| atomic_read(&vcpu->arch.nmi_queued) ||
(kvm_arch_interrupt_allowed(vcpu) &&
kvm_cpu_has_interrupt(vcpu));


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