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Subject[PATCH 1/2] fs: sysfs: Do dcache-related updates to sysfs dentries under sysfs_mutex
Date
While running a CPU hotplug stress test under memory pressure, a
spinlock lockup was detected due to a dentry lock being recursively
taken. When this happens varies considerably and is difficult
to trigger.

[ 482.345588] BUG: spinlock lockup on CPU#2, udevd/4400
[ 482.345590] lock: ffff8803075be0d0, .magic: dead4ead, .owner: udevd/5689, .owner_cpu: 0
[ 482.345592] Pid: 4400, comm: udevd Not tainted 3.2.0-vanilla #1
[ 482.345592] Call Trace:
[ 482.345595] [<ffffffff811e4ffd>] spin_dump+0x88/0x8d
[ 482.345597] [<ffffffff811e5186>] do_raw_spin_lock+0xd6/0xf9
[ 482.345599] [<ffffffff813454e1>] _raw_spin_lock+0x39/0x3d
[ 482.345601] [<ffffffff811396b6>] ? shrink_dcache_parent+0x77/0x28c
[ 482.345603] [<ffffffff811396b6>] shrink_dcache_parent+0x77/0x28c
[ 482.345605] [<ffffffff811373a9>] ? have_submounts+0x13e/0x1bd
[ 482.345607] [<ffffffff811858f8>] sysfs_dentry_revalidate+0xaa/0xbe
[ 482.345608] [<ffffffff8112e6bd>] do_lookup+0x263/0x2fc
[ 482.345610] [<ffffffff8119c99b>] ? security_inode_permission+0x1e/0x20
[ 482.345612] [<ffffffff8112f2c9>] link_path_walk+0x1e2/0x763
[ 482.345614] [<ffffffff8112fcf2>] path_lookupat+0x5c/0x61a
[ 482.345616] [<ffffffff810f479c>] ? might_fault+0x89/0x8d
[ 482.345618] [<ffffffff810f4753>] ? might_fault+0x40/0x8d
[ 482.345619] [<ffffffff811302da>] do_path_lookup+0x2a/0xa8
[ 482.345621] [<ffffffff811329dd>] user_path_at_empty+0x5d/0x97
[ 482.345623] [<ffffffff8107441b>] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0xf
[ 482.345625] [<ffffffff81345bcf>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x44/0x5a
[ 482.345627] [<ffffffff81132a28>] user_path_at+0x11/0x13
[ 482.345629] [<ffffffff81128af0>] vfs_fstatat+0x44/0x71
[ 482.345631] [<ffffffff81128b7b>] vfs_lstat+0x1e/0x20
[ 482.345632] [<ffffffff81128b9c>] sys_newlstat+0x1f/0x40
[ 482.345634] [<ffffffff81075944>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x12d/0x164
[ 482.345636] [<ffffffff811e04fe>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
[ 482.345638] [<ffffffff8107441b>] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0xf
[ 482.345640] [<ffffffff8134d002>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[ 482.515004] [<ffffffff8107441b>] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0xf
[ 482.520870] [<ffffffff8134d002>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

At this point, CPU hotplug stops and other processes get stuck in a
similar deadlock waiting for 5689 to unlock. RCU reports stalls but
it is collateral damage.

The deadlocked processes have sysfs_dentry_revalidate() in
common. Miklos Szeredi explained at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/1/9/114
that the deadlock happens within dcache if two processes call
shrink_dcache_parent() on the same dentry.

In Miklos's case, the problem is with the bonding driver but during
CPU online or offline, a number of dentries are being created and
deleted and this deadlock is also being hit. Looking at sysfs, there
is a global sysfs_mutex that protects the sysfs directory tree from
concurrent reclaims. Almost all operations involving directory inodes
and dentries take place under the sysfs_mutex - linking, unlinking,
patch searching lookup, renames and readdir. d_invalidate is slightly
different. It is mostly under the mutex but if the dentry has to be
removed from the dcache, the mutex is dropped.

Where as Miklos' patch changes dcache, this patch changes sysfs to
consistently hold the mutex for dentry-related operations. Once
applied, this particular bug with CPU hotadd/hotremove no longer
occurs.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
---
fs/sysfs/dir.c | 4 ++--
1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/sysfs/dir.c b/fs/sysfs/dir.c
index 7fdf6a7..acaf21d 100644
--- a/fs/sysfs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/sysfs/dir.c
@@ -279,8 +279,8 @@ static int sysfs_dentry_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
if (strcmp(dentry->d_name.name, sd->s_name) != 0)
goto out_bad;

- mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
out_valid:
+ mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
return 1;
out_bad:
/* Remove the dentry from the dcache hashes.
@@ -294,7 +294,6 @@ out_bad:
* to the dcache hashes.
*/
is_dir = (sysfs_type(sd) == SYSFS_DIR);
- mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
if (is_dir) {
/* If we have submounts we must allow the vfs caches
* to lie about the state of the filesystem to prevent
@@ -305,6 +304,7 @@ out_bad:
shrink_dcache_parent(dentry);
}
d_drop(dentry);
+ mutex_unlock(&sysfs_mutex);
return 0;
}

--
1.7.3.4


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