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Subject[RFC][PATCH 2/5] signal: Add rwlock to protect sighand->action
Date
From: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>

In a future patch sighand->siglock will no longer serialise access to
sighand->action. Therefore, we need provide a new lock to protect it.

As sighand->action is read much more frequently than written a rwlock
makes the most sense here.

Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Anirudh Badam <abadam@cs.princeton.edu>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
---
arch/ia64/kernel/signal.c | 4 +-
fs/ncpfs/sock.c | 2 +
fs/proc/array.c | 2 +
include/linux/init_task.h | 1 +
include/linux/sched.h | 1 +
kernel/exit.c | 6 ++
kernel/fork.c | 1 +
kernel/kmod.c | 8 ++--
kernel/ptrace.c | 4 +-
kernel/signal.c | 117 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
security/selinux/hooks.c | 2 +
11 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/signal.c b/arch/ia64/kernel/signal.c
index 7523501..c77c845 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/signal.c
@@ -311,9 +311,9 @@ force_sigsegv_info (int sig, void __user *addr)
* no longer safe to modify sa_handler without holding the
* lock.
*/
- spin_lock_irqsave(&current->sighand->siglock, flags);
+ write_lock_irqsave(&current->sighand->action_lock, flags);
current->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->sighand->siglock, flags);
+ write_unlock_irqrestore(&current->sighand->action_lock, flags);
}
si.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
si.si_errno = 0;
diff --git a/fs/ncpfs/sock.c b/fs/ncpfs/sock.c
index 850768a..3e69aec 100644
--- a/fs/ncpfs/sock.c
+++ b/fs/ncpfs/sock.c
@@ -763,10 +763,12 @@ static int ncp_do_request(struct ncp_server *server, int size,
What if we've blocked it ourselves? What about
alarms? Why, in fact, are we mucking with the
sigmask at all? -- r~ */
+ read_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
if (current->sighand->action[SIGINT - 1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL)
mask |= sigmask(SIGINT);
if (current->sighand->action[SIGQUIT - 1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL)
mask |= sigmask(SIGQUIT);
+ read_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
}
siginitsetinv(&blocked, mask);
set_current_blocked(&blocked);
diff --git a/fs/proc/array.c b/fs/proc/array.c
index 3a1dafd..0322ac9 100644
--- a/fs/proc/array.c
+++ b/fs/proc/array.c
@@ -239,6 +239,7 @@ static void collect_sigign_sigcatch(struct task_struct *p, sigset_t *ign,
struct k_sigaction *k;
int i;

+ read_lock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
k = p->sighand->action;
for (i = 1; i <= _NSIG; ++i, ++k) {
if (k->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN)
@@ -246,6 +247,7 @@ static void collect_sigign_sigcatch(struct task_struct *p, sigset_t *ign,
else if (k->sa.sa_handler != SIG_DFL)
sigaddset(catch, i);
}
+ read_unlock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
}

static inline void task_sig(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *p)
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index d14e058..1a66552 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
.action = { { { .sa_handler = SIG_DFL, } }, }, \
.siglock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(sighand.siglock), \
.signalfd_wqh = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(sighand.signalfd_wqh), \
+ .action_lock = __RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED(sighand.action_lock), \
}

extern struct group_info init_groups;
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index dcacb26..f067bbc 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -443,6 +443,7 @@ struct sighand_struct {
struct k_sigaction action[_NSIG];
spinlock_t siglock;
wait_queue_head_t signalfd_wqh;
+ rwlock_t action_lock;
};

struct pacct_struct {
diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
index 2913b35..a8a83ac 100644
--- a/kernel/exit.c
+++ b/kernel/exit.c
@@ -380,7 +380,10 @@ int allow_signal(int sig)
* know it'll be handled, so that they don't get converted to
* SIGKILL or just silently dropped.
*/
+ write_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
current->sighand->action[(sig)-1].sa.sa_handler = (void __user *)2;
+ write_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
+
recalc_sigpending();
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
@@ -394,7 +397,10 @@ int disallow_signal(int sig)
return -EINVAL;

spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ write_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
current->sighand->action[(sig)-1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
+ write_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
+
recalc_sigpending();
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 8104ace..8871ae8 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1588,6 +1588,7 @@ static void sighand_ctor(void *data)

spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock);
init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh);
+ rwlock_init(&sighand->action_lock);
}

void __init proc_caches_init(void)
diff --git a/kernel/kmod.c b/kernel/kmod.c
index ddc7644..30be456 100644
--- a/kernel/kmod.c
+++ b/kernel/kmod.c
@@ -143,9 +143,9 @@ static int ____call_usermodehelper(void *data)
struct cred *new;
int retval;

- spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ write_lock_irq(&current->sighand->action_lock);
flush_signal_handlers(current, 1);
- spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ write_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->action_lock);

/* We can run anywhere, unlike our parent keventd(). */
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, cpu_all_mask);
@@ -202,9 +202,9 @@ static int wait_for_helper(void *data)
pid_t pid;

/* If SIGCLD is ignored sys_wait4 won't populate the status. */
- spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ write_lock_irq(&current->sighand->action_lock);
current->sighand->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;
- spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ write_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->action_lock);

pid = kernel_thread(____call_usermodehelper, sub_info, SIGCHLD);
if (pid < 0) {
diff --git a/kernel/ptrace.c b/kernel/ptrace.c
index 9de3ecf..eb46323 100644
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -350,10 +350,10 @@ static int ptrace_traceme(void)
static int ignoring_children(struct sighand_struct *sigh)
{
int ret;
- spin_lock(&sigh->siglock);
+ read_lock(&sigh->action_lock);
ret = (sigh->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) ||
(sigh->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDWAIT);
- spin_unlock(&sigh->siglock);
+ read_unlock(&sigh->action_lock);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 54fc552..7f2de6d 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
#include "audit.h" /* audit_signal_info() */

/*
- * signal locking rules:
+ * signal locking rules (and locking order):
*
* - sighand->siglock (spinlock) protects,
*
@@ -49,8 +49,6 @@
*
* * most things under tsk->signal
*
- * * tsk->sighand->action[]
- *
* * tsk->last_siginfo
* * tsk->group_stop
* * tsk->pending
@@ -62,6 +60,12 @@
*
* * tsk->cpu_timers
*
+ * - sighand->action_lock (rwlock) protects,
+ *
+ * * sighand->action[]. Most callers only need to acquire action_lock
+ * for reading, see lock_action() for when the write-lock is
+ * necessary.
+ *
*/

/*
@@ -72,6 +76,10 @@ static struct kmem_cache *sigqueue_cachep;

int print_fatal_signals __read_mostly;

+/*
+ * Must be called with t->sighand->action_lock at least held for
+ * reading.
+ */
static void __user *sig_handler(struct task_struct *t, int sig)
{
return t->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler;
@@ -485,6 +493,9 @@ void flush_itimer_signals(void)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->sighand->siglock, flags);
}

+/*
+ * Must be called with t->sighand->action_lock held for writing.
+ */
void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *t)
{
int i;
@@ -497,8 +508,9 @@ void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *t)

/*
* Flush all handlers for a task.
+ *
+ * Must be called with t->sighand->action_lock write-locked.
*/
-
void
flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *t, int force_default)
{
@@ -1186,10 +1198,23 @@ static int __init setup_print_fatal_signals(char *str)

__setup("print-fatal-signals=", setup_print_fatal_signals);

+static int
+__group_send_sig_info_locked(int sig, struct siginfo *info,
+ struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ return send_signal(sig, info, p, 1);
+}
+
int
__group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p)
{
- return send_signal(sig, info, p, 1);
+ int ret;
+
+ read_lock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
+ ret = send_signal(sig, info, p, 1);
+ read_unlock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
+
+ return ret;
}

static int
@@ -1205,7 +1230,9 @@ int do_send_sig_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p,
int ret = -ESRCH;

if (lock_task_sighand(p, &flags)) {
+ read_lock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
ret = send_signal(sig, info, p, group);
+ read_unlock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags);
}

@@ -1231,6 +1258,7 @@ force_sig_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t)
struct k_sigaction *action;

spin_lock_irqsave(&t->sighand->siglock, flags);
+ write_lock(&t->sighand->action_lock);
action = &t->sighand->action[sig-1];
ignored = action->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN;
blocked = sigismember(&t->blocked, sig);
@@ -1244,6 +1272,7 @@ force_sig_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t)
if (action->sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL)
t->signal->flags &= ~SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE;
ret = specific_send_sig_info(sig, info, t);
+ write_unlock(&t->sighand->action_lock);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&t->sighand->siglock, flags);

return ret;
@@ -1402,7 +1431,9 @@ int kill_pid_info_as_uid(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct pid *pid,

if (sig) {
if (lock_task_sighand(p, &flags)) {
+ read_lock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
ret = __send_signal(sig, info, p, 1, 0);
+ read_unlock(&p->sighand->action_lock);
unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags);
} else
ret = -ESRCH;
@@ -1497,9 +1528,9 @@ force_sigsegv(int sig, struct task_struct *p)
{
if (sig == SIGSEGV) {
unsigned long flags;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&p->sighand->siglock, flags);
+ write_lock_irqsave(&p->sighand->action_lock, flags);
p->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->sighand->siglock, flags);
+ write_unlock_irqrestore(&p->sighand->action_lock, flags);
}
force_sig(SIGSEGV, p);
return 0;
@@ -1665,6 +1696,7 @@ bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig)

psig = tsk->parent->sighand;
spin_lock_irqsave(&psig->siglock, flags);
+ read_lock(&psig->action_lock);
if (!tsk->ptrace && sig == SIGCHLD &&
(psig->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN ||
(psig->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDWAIT))) {
@@ -1688,8 +1720,9 @@ bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig)
sig = 0;
}
if (valid_signal(sig) && sig)
- __group_send_sig_info(sig, &info, tsk->parent);
+ __group_send_sig_info_locked(sig, &info, tsk->parent);
__wake_up_parent(tsk, tsk->parent);
+ read_unlock(&psig->action_lock);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&psig->siglock, flags);

return autoreap;
@@ -1753,13 +1786,15 @@ static void do_notify_parent_cldstop(struct task_struct *tsk,

sighand = parent->sighand;
spin_lock_irqsave(&sighand->siglock, flags);
+ read_lock(&sighand->action_lock);
if (sighand->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler != SIG_IGN &&
!(sighand->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDSTOP))
- __group_send_sig_info(SIGCHLD, &info, parent);
+ __group_send_sig_info_locked(SIGCHLD, &info, parent);
/*
* Even if SIGCHLD is not generated, we must wake up wait4 calls.
*/
__wake_up_parent(tsk, parent);
+ read_unlock(&sighand->action_lock);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sighand->siglock, flags);
}

@@ -2154,13 +2189,58 @@ static int ptrace_signal(int signr, siginfo_t *info,

/* If the (new) signal is now blocked, requeue it. */
if (sigismember(&current->blocked, signr)) {
+ read_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
specific_send_sig_info(signr, info, current);
+ read_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
signr = 0;
}

return signr;
}

+/**
+ * lock_action - acquire @sighand->action_lock for read/write
+ * @sighand: the signal handler struct to protect
+ * @signr: the signal being delivered
+ *
+ * If the caller needs to modify @sighand->action[] then we need to acquire
+ * @sighand->action_lock for writing, which only happens when %SA_ONESHOT is
+ * set in sa.sa_flags. Otherwise we can just acquire the read lock to prevent
+ * writers changing things under our feet.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %false if @sighand->action_lock is read-locked
+ * %true if @sighand->action_lock is write-locked
+ */
+static bool lock_action(struct sighand_struct *sighand, int signr)
+{
+ struct k_sigaction *ka;
+
+ read_lock(&sighand->action_lock);
+ ka = &sighand->action[signr-1];
+
+ /*
+ * Take the read lock in the hope that we don't need to modify the
+ * action, but if we do need to update the action we must take the
+ * write lock to prevent readers from reading a stale signal handler.
+ */
+ if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONESHOT) {
+ read_unlock(&sighand->action_lock);
+ write_lock(&sighand->action_lock);
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static void unlock_action(struct sighand_struct *sighand, bool write_locked)
+{
+ if (write_locked)
+ write_unlock(&sighand->action_lock);
+ else
+ read_unlock(&sighand->action_lock);
+}
+
int get_signal_to_deliver(siginfo_t *info, struct k_sigaction *return_ka,
struct pt_regs *regs, void *cookie)
{
@@ -2216,6 +2296,7 @@ relock:

for (;;) {
struct k_sigaction *ka;
+ bool write_locked;

if (unlikely(current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING) &&
do_signal_stop(0))
@@ -2239,13 +2320,17 @@ relock:
continue;
}

+ write_locked = lock_action(sighand, signr);
ka = &sighand->action[signr-1];

/* Trace actually delivered signals. */
trace_signal_deliver(signr, info, ka);

- if (ka->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) /* Do nothing. */
+ if (ka->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) { /* Do nothing. */
+ unlock_action(sighand, write_locked);
continue;
+ }
+
if (ka->sa.sa_handler != SIG_DFL) {
/* Run the handler. */
*return_ka = *ka;
@@ -2253,14 +2338,19 @@ relock:
if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONESHOT)
ka->sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;

+ unlock_action(sighand, write_locked);
break; /* will return non-zero "signr" value */
}

/*
* Now we are doing the default action for this signal.
*/
- if (sig_kernel_ignore(signr)) /* Default is nothing. */
+ if (sig_kernel_ignore(signr)) { /* Default is nothing. */
+ unlock_action(sighand, write_locked);
continue;
+ }
+
+ unlock_action(sighand, write_locked);

/*
* Global init gets no signals it doesn't want.
@@ -2935,9 +3025,11 @@ int do_sigaction(int sig, struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact)
if (!valid_signal(sig) || sig < 1 || (act && sig_kernel_only(sig)))
return -EINVAL;

+ spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ read_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
+
k = &t->sighand->action[sig-1];

- spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (oact)
*oact = *k;

@@ -2967,6 +3059,7 @@ int do_sigaction(int sig, struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact)
}
}

+ read_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/security/selinux/hooks.c b/security/selinux/hooks.c
index 266a229..574956c 100644
--- a/security/selinux/hooks.c
+++ b/security/selinux/hooks.c
@@ -2274,7 +2274,9 @@ static void selinux_bprm_committed_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (!(current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT)) {
__flush_signals(current);
+ write_lock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
flush_signal_handlers(current, 1);
+ write_unlock(&current->sighand->action_lock);
sigemptyset(&current->blocked);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
--
1.7.4.4


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