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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/7] Basic kernel memory functionality for the Memory Controller
On Sun, 18 Sep 2011 21:56:39 -0300
Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> wrote:

> This patch lays down the foundation for the kernel memory component
> of the Memory Controller.
>
> As of today, I am only laying down the following files:
>
> * memory.independent_kmem_limit
> * memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes (currently ignored)
> * memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes (always zero)
>
> Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
> CC: Paul Menage <paul@paulmenage.org>
> CC: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>

I'm sorry that my slow review is delaying you.


> ---
> Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt | 30 +++++++++-
> init/Kconfig | 11 ++++
> mm/memcontrol.c | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 3 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> index 6f3c598..6f1954a 100644
> --- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> @@ -44,8 +44,9 @@ Features:
> - oom-killer disable knob and oom-notifier
> - Root cgroup has no limit controls.
>
> - Kernel memory and Hugepages are not under control yet. We just manage
> - pages on LRU. To add more controls, we have to take care of performance.
> + Hugepages is not under control yet. We just manage pages on LRU. To add more
> + controls, we have to take care of performance. Kernel memory support is work
> + in progress, and the current version provides basically functionality.
>
> Brief summary of control files.
>
> @@ -56,8 +57,11 @@ Brief summary of control files.
> (See 5.5 for details)
> memory.memsw.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for memory+Swap
> (See 5.5 for details)
> + memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for kmem only.
> + (See 2.7 for details)
> memory.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory usage
> memory.memsw.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory+Swap usage
> + memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes # if allowed, set/show limit of kernel memory
> memory.failcnt # show the number of memory usage hits limits
> memory.memsw.failcnt # show the number of memory+Swap hits limits
> memory.max_usage_in_bytes # show max memory usage recorded
> @@ -72,6 +76,9 @@ Brief summary of control files.
> memory.oom_control # set/show oom controls.
> memory.numa_stat # show the number of memory usage per numa node
>
> + memory.independent_kmem_limit # select whether or not kernel memory limits are
> + independent of user limits
> +
> 1. History
>
> The memory controller has a long history. A request for comments for the memory
> @@ -255,6 +262,25 @@ When oom event notifier is registered, event will be delivered.
> per-zone-per-cgroup LRU (cgroup's private LRU) is just guarded by
> zone->lru_lock, it has no lock of its own.
>
> +2.7 Kernel Memory Extension (CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM)
> +
> + With the Kernel memory extension, the Memory Controller is able to limit
> +the amount of kernel memory used by the system. Kernel memory is fundamentally
> +different than user memory, since it can't be swapped out, which makes it
> +possible to DoS the system by consuming too much of this precious resource.
> +Kernel memory limits are not imposed for the root cgroup.
> +
> +Memory limits as specified by the standard Memory Controller may or may not
> +take kernel memory into consideration. This is achieved through the file
> +memory.independent_kmem_limit. A Value different than 0 will allow for kernel
> +memory to be controlled separately.
> +
> +When kernel memory limits are not independent, the limit values set in
> +memory.kmem files are ignored.
> +
> +Currently no soft limit is implemented for kernel memory. It is future work
> +to trigger slab reclaim when those limits are reached.
> +
> 3. User Interface
>
> 0. Configuration
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index d627783..49e5839 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -689,6 +689,17 @@ config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP_ENABLED
> For those who want to have the feature enabled by default should
> select this option (if, for some reason, they need to disable it
> then swapaccount=0 does the trick).
> +config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
> + bool "Memory Resource Controller Kernel Memory accounting"
> + depends on CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
> + default y
> + help
> + The Kernel Memory extension for Memory Resource Controller can limit
> + the amount of memory used by kernel objects in the system. Those are
> + fundamentally different from the entities handled by the standard
> + Memory Controller, which are page-based, and can be swapped. Users of
> + the kmem extension can use it to guarantee that no group of processes
> + will ever exhaust kernel resources alone.
>
> config CGROUP_PERF
> bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index ebd1e86..d32e931 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -73,7 +73,11 @@ static int really_do_swap_account __initdata = 0;
> #define do_swap_account (0)
> #endif
>
> -
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
> +int do_kmem_account __read_mostly = 1;
> +#else
> +#define do_kmem_account 0
> +#endif


Hmm, do we really need this boot option ?
From my experience to have swap-accounting boot option,
this scares us ;) I think config is enough.




> /*
> * Statistics for memory cgroup.
> */
> @@ -270,6 +274,10 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
> */
> struct res_counter memsw;
> /*
> + * the counter to account for kmem usage.
> + */
> + struct res_counter kmem;
> + /*
> * Per cgroup active and inactive list, similar to the
> * per zone LRU lists.
> */
> @@ -321,6 +329,11 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
> */
> unsigned long move_charge_at_immigrate;
> /*
> + * Should kernel memory limits be stabilished independently
> + * from user memory ?
> + */
> + int kmem_independent;
> + /*
> * percpu counter.
> */
> struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu *stat;
> @@ -388,9 +401,14 @@ enum charge_type {
> };
>
> /* for encoding cft->private value on file */
> -#define _MEM (0)
> -#define _MEMSWAP (1)
> -#define _OOM_TYPE (2)
> +
> +enum mem_type {
> + _MEM = 0,
> + _MEMSWAP,
> + _OOM_TYPE,
> + _KMEM,
> +};
> +

ok, nice clean up.


> #define MEMFILE_PRIVATE(x, val) (((x) << 16) | (val))
> #define MEMFILE_TYPE(val) (((val) >> 16) & 0xffff)
> #define MEMFILE_ATTR(val) ((val) & 0xffff)
> @@ -3943,10 +3961,15 @@ static inline u64 mem_cgroup_usage(struct mem_cgroup *mem, bool swap)
> u64 val;
>
> if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + val = 0;
> + if (!mem->kmem_independent)
> + val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->kmem, RES_USAGE);

> if (!swap)
> - return res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, RES_USAGE);
> + val += res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, RES_USAGE);
> else
> - return res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, RES_USAGE);
> + val += res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, RES_USAGE);
> +
> + return val;
> }
>
> val = mem_cgroup_recursive_stat(mem, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE);
> @@ -3979,6 +4002,10 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
> else
> val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, name);
> break;
> + case _KMEM:
> + val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->kmem, name);
> + break;
> +
> default:
> BUG();
> break;
> @@ -4756,6 +4783,21 @@ static int mem_cgroup_reset_vmscan_stat(struct cgroup *cgrp,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
> +static u64 kmem_limit_independent_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + return mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont)->kmem_independent;
> +}
> +
> +static int kmem_limit_independent_write(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft,
> + u64 val)
> +{
> + cgroup_lock();
> + mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont)->kmem_independent = !!val;
> + cgroup_unlock();

Hm. This code allows that parent/child can have different settings.
Could you add parent-child check as..

"If parent sets use_hierarchy==1, children must have the same kmem_independent value
with parant's one."

How do you think ? I think a hierarchy must have the same config.


BTW...I don't like naming a little ;)

memory->consolidated/shared/?????_kmem_accounting ?
Or
memory->kmem_independent_accounting ?
or some better naming ?

Thanks,
-Kame



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