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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/3] If an IRQ is a GPIO, request and configure it
On Fri, Aug 05, 2011 at 08:43:20AM -0700, Stephen Warren wrote:
> Russell King - ARM Linux wrote at Friday, August 05, 2011 3:40 AM:
> > On Thu, Aug 04, 2011 at 05:00:17PM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
> > > In, Mark Brown
> > > pointed out that it was a little silly forcing every board or driver
> > > to gpio_request() a GPIO that is later converted to an IRQ, and passed
> > > to request_irq. The first patch in this series instead makes the core
> > > IRQ code perform these calls when appropriate, to avoid duplicating it
> > > everywhere.
> >
> > Trying to go from IRQ to GPIO is not a good idea - most of the
> > IRQ <-> GPIO macros we have today are just plain broken. Many of them
> > just add or subtract a constant, which means non-GPIO IRQs have an
> > apparant GPIO number too. Couple this with the fact that all positive
> > GPIO numbers are valid, and this is a recipe for wrong GPIOs getting
> > used and GPIOs being requested for non-GPIO IRQs.
> >
> > I think this was also discussed in the past, and the conclusion was that
> > IRQs should be kept separate from GPIOs. Maybe views have changed since
> > then...
> >
> > However, if we do want to do this, then it would be much better to provide
> > a new API for requesting GPIO IRQs, eg:
> >
> > gpio_request_irq()
> >
> > which would wrap around request_threaded_irq(), takes a GPIO number,
> > does the GPIO->IRQ conversion internally, and whatever GPIO setup is
> > required. Something like this:
> With that approach, drivers need to explicitly know whether they're
> passed a GPIO or an IRQ, and do something different, or they need to
> choose to only accept a GPIO or IRQ.

You completely missed the biggest reason why your approach is broken.

+ gpio = irq_to_gpio(irq);
+ if (gpio_is_valid(gpio))
Let's look at the code:

#define ARCH_NR_GPIOS 256

static inline bool gpio_is_valid(int number)
return number >= 0 && number < ARCH_NR_GPIOS;
Now, let's take AT91:

#define irq_to_gpio(irq) (irq)

This doesn't define ARCH_NR_GPIOS, so it gets the default 256. Now lets
take a random selection of the AT91 interrupt numbers:

#define AT91RM9200_ID_US3 9 /* USART 3 */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_MCI 10 /* Multimedia Card Interface */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_UDP 11 /* USB Device Port */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_TWI 12 /* Two-Wire Interface */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_SPI 13 /* Serial Peripheral Interface */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_SSC0 14 /* Serial Synchronous Controller 0 */
#define AT91RM9200_ID_SSC1 15 /* Serial Synchronous Controller 1 */
None of these are GPIOs. Yet gpio_is_valid(irq_to_gpio(AT91RM9200_ID_TWI))
is true.

That's the problem - it's undefined whether gpio_is_valid(irq_to_gpio(irq))
returns true or false for any particular interrupt. There's no multiplexing
through gpiolib for the IRQ-to-GPIO mapping either, so it doesn't work for
off-SoC GPIOs.

So, you can't reliably go from interrupt numbers to GPIO numbers - it's
just not supported. So to throw this into the IRQ layer is just going to
end up breaking a hell of a lot of platforms.

Now, stack on top of that a discussion at the Linaro Connect conference
this week where we discussed getting rid of IRQ numbers entirely, and
our desire to kill off irq_to_gpio() and I think it makes this approach
a non-starter.

> So it seems like, as was mentioned elsewhere in this thread, the upshot of
> this conversation is that interrupt chip drivers should do this internally,
> both to avoid requiring a general irq_to_gpio function, and because calling
> gpio_direction_input for GPIOs-used-as-IRQs isn't appropriate for all
> hardware.

That would be more appropriate, because the IRQ chip stuff at least knows
if there's a GPIO associated with it.

There's still the unanswered question whether we even want the IRQ layer
to do this kind of stuff, and the previous decision on that I believe was
in the negative. So I think Thomas needs to respond to that point first.

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