lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Aug]   [5]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH] i2c: imx: choose the better clock divider
On Thu, Aug 4, 2011 at 5:51 PM, Ben Dooks <ben-i2c@fluff.org> wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 14, 2011 at 03:17:05PM +0800, Eric Miao wrote:
>> The original algorithm doesn't perform very well in some cases, e.g.
>>
>>   When the source clock of the I2C controller is 66MHz, and the
>>   requested rate is 100KHz, it gives a divider of 768 instead of
>>   the better 640.
>>
>> Choose a better clock divider so the final clock rate is closer to
>> the requested one by comparing the rate distances calculated by
>> two adjacent dividers.
>>
>> Cc: Richard Zhao <richard.zhao@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Eric Miao <eric.miao@linaro.org>
>> ---
>>  drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c |   46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>>  1 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
>> index 4c2a62b..cd640ff 100644
>> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
>> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
>> @@ -112,6 +112,8 @@ static u16 __initdata i2c_clk_div[50][2] = {
>>       { 3072, 0x1E }, { 3840, 0x1F }
>>  };
>>
>> +#define I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM              ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div)
>> +
>>  struct imx_i2c_struct {
>>       struct i2c_adapter      adapter;
>>       struct resource         *res;
>> @@ -240,22 +242,37 @@ static void i2c_imx_stop(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
>>       clk_disable(i2c_imx->clk);
>>  }
>>
>> -static void __init i2c_imx_set_clk(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
>> -                                                     unsigned int rate)
>> +/* find the index into i2c_clk_div[] array, compare with the two
>> + * dividers found, return the one with smaller error
>> + */
>> +static int find_div(unsigned long i2c_clk_rate, unsigned long rate)
>>  {
>> -     unsigned int i2c_clk_rate;
>> -     unsigned int div;
>> +     unsigned long div, delta_l, delta_h;
>>       int i;
>>
>> -     /* Divider value calculation */
>> -     i2c_clk_rate = clk_get_rate(i2c_imx->clk);
>>       div = (i2c_clk_rate + rate - 1) / rate;
>> +
>>       if (div < i2c_clk_div[0][0])
>> -             i = 0;
>> -     else if (div > i2c_clk_div[ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div) - 1][0])
>> -             i = ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div) - 1;
>> -     else
>> -             for (i = 0; i2c_clk_div[i][0] < div; i++);
>> +             return 0;
>> +
>> +     if (div > i2c_clk_div[I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM - 1][0])
>> +             return I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM;
>> +
>> +     for (i = 0; i < I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM; i++)
>> +             if (i2c_clk_div[i][0] > div)
>> +                     break;
>> +
>> +     delta_h = (i2c_clk_rate / i2c_clk_div[i - 1][0]) - rate;
>> +     delta_l = rate - (i2c_clk_rate / i2c_clk_div[i][0]);
>
> hmm, what happens for the case of i being zero?

Good catch, although it's never going to be zero as that case has already
been ruled out by the previous if() statement. However, to change the
code to be more readable, I revised the patch a bit like below:
i2c: imx: choose the better clock divider

The original algorithm doesn't perform very well in some cases, e.g.

When the source clock of the I2C controller is 66MHz, and the
requested rate is 100KHz, it gives a divider of 768 instead of
the better 640.

Choose a better clock divider so the final clock rate is closer to
the requested one by comparing the rate distances calculated by
two adjacent dividers.

Cc: Richard Zhao <richard.zhao@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Eric Miao <eric.miao@linaro.org>

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
index 4c2a62b..2170a58 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
@@ -112,6 +112,8 @@ static u16 __initdata i2c_clk_div[50][2] = {
{ 3072, 0x1E }, { 3840, 0x1F }
};

+#define I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div)
+
struct imx_i2c_struct {
struct i2c_adapter adapter;
struct resource *res;
@@ -240,22 +242,37 @@ static void i2c_imx_stop(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
clk_disable(i2c_imx->clk);
}

-static void __init i2c_imx_set_clk(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
- unsigned int rate)
+/* find the index into i2c_clk_div[] array, compare with the two
+ * dividers found, return the one with smaller error
+ */
+static int find_div(unsigned long i2c_clk_rate, unsigned long rate)
{
- unsigned int i2c_clk_rate;
- unsigned int div;
+ unsigned long div, delta_l, delta_h;
int i;

- /* Divider value calculation */
- i2c_clk_rate = clk_get_rate(i2c_imx->clk);
div = (i2c_clk_rate + rate - 1) / rate;
- if (div < i2c_clk_div[0][0])
- i = 0;
- else if (div > i2c_clk_div[ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div) - 1][0])
- i = ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_clk_div) - 1;
- else
- for (i = 0; i2c_clk_div[i][0] < div; i++);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM; i++)
+ if (i2c_clk_div[i][0] > div)
+ break;
+
+ if (i == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (i >= I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM)
+ return I2C_CLK_DIV_NUM - 1;
+
+ delta_h = (i2c_clk_rate / i2c_clk_div[i - 1][0]) - rate;
+ delta_l = rate - (i2c_clk_rate / i2c_clk_div[i][0]);
+
+ return (delta_l < delta_h) ? i : i - 1;
+}
+
+static void __init i2c_imx_set_clk(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
+ unsigned int rate)
+{
+ unsigned long i2c_clk_rate = clk_get_rate(i2c_imx->clk);
+ int i = find_div(i2c_clk_rate, rate);

/* Store divider value */
i2c_imx->ifdr = i2c_clk_div[i][1];
@@ -271,10 +288,9 @@ static void __init i2c_imx_set_clk(struct
imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,

/* dev_dbg() can't be used, because adapter is not yet registered */
#ifdef CONFIG_I2C_DEBUG_BUS
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "I2C: <%s> I2C_CLK=%d, REQ DIV=%d\n",
- __func__, i2c_clk_rate, div);
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "I2C: <%s> IFDR[IC]=0x%x, REAL DIV=%d\n",
- __func__, i2c_clk_div[i][1], i2c_clk_div[i][0]);
+ pr_debug("<%s> I2C_CLK=%ld, REQ RATE=%d, DIV=%d, IFDR[IC]=0x%x\n",
+ __func__, i2c_clk_rate, rate,
+ i2c_clk_div[i][0], i2c_clk_div[i][1]);
#endif
}
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-08-05 18:25    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans