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SubjectRe: 2.6.39.4: Oops in rcu_read_unlock_special()/_raw_spin_lock()
On Wed, Aug 24, 2011 at 05:19:07PM -0400, Will Simoneau wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I just got this rather odd Oops and some subsequent BUGs on a rather odd
> piece of hardware. I'm sending this message in hope that someone who
> understands the code can decide if it's a real problem or not.
>
> First of all, let me explain the situation: I am running Linux 2.6.39.4
> on a system-on-FPGA I designed. The system has 4 CPU cores which are
> essentially MIPS R4Ks as far as both kernel and userspace are concerned.
> The cores are fully cache-coherent with sequential consistency. The
> kernel has been modified with relatively minor patches to support the
> CPUs and peripherals.
>
> The below Oops/BUGs were captured on a serial console during a large
> rsync job. I do not know of a way to reproduce the Oops, I've only seen
> it once. Some recent changes have been made suspiciously close to the
> exploding code, which makes me think that maybe 2.6.39-stable is lacking
> some fixes? The following commits from Linus' git seem vaguely related,
> although I have no idea how relevant they are to 2.6.39.4:
>
> ec433f0c (softirq,rcu: Inform RCU of irq_exit() activity)
> 10f39bb1 (rcu: protect __rcu_read_unlock() against scheduler-using
> irq handlers)

If this failure mechanism really is the culprit, you should be able
to make failure happen much more frequently by inserting a delay in
__rcu_read_unlock() just prior to the call to rcu_read_unlock_special().
I would suggest starting with a few tens to hundreds of microseconds
worth of delay.

If this does make the failure reproducible, then it would make sense
to try applying the two patches you identified.

Thanx, Paul

> --- 8< ---
> [898755.190000] CPU 2 Unable to handle kernel paging request at
> virtual address 00000000, epc == 802eefd8, ra == 8006a788
> [898755.190000] Oops[#1]:
> [898755.190000] Cpu 2
> [898755.190000] $ 0 : 00000000 10009800 00010000 00000001
> [898755.190000] $ 4 : 00000000 82865450 10009800 ffff00fe
> [898755.190000] $ 8 : 80843fe0 00009800 00000000 80844000
> [898755.190000] $12 : 03070001 00129eaf 00000000 00000000
> [898755.190000] $16 : 00000000 00000008 80843dc0 10009801
> [898755.190000] $20 : 82861630 87e45900 00000008 00000001
> [898755.190000] $24 : 00000000 8025c800
> [898755.190000] $28 : 80842000 80843d10 87e46494 8006a788
> [898755.190000] Hi : 00033169
> [898755.250000] Lo : bfd70980
> [898755.260000] epc : 802eefd8 _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.260000] Not tainted
> [898755.260000] ra : 8006a788 rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.260000] Status: 10009802 KERNEL EXL
> [898755.260000] Cause : 00000008
> [898755.260000] BadVA : 00000000
> [898755.260000] PrId : 00004800 (Z4800)
> [898755.260000] Process rsync (pid: 3683, threadinfo=80842000, task=82861630, tl
> s=2b6ba8b0)
> [898755.260000] Stack : 10009801 00000001 87e46494 87e46300 87e46300 00000008 00
> 000008 80843dc0
> [898755.260000] 80843de0 87e46300 87e45900 802c6bdc 80843dd0 80843dcc 00
> 000000 00000020
> [898755.260000] 00000000 828581c0 85eda780 00000000 00000e63 00000000 00
> 000000 00000001
> [898755.260000] 00000008 87e4637c 87e46344 00000080 87118800 80843dc0 80
> 843e30 80843e38
> [898755.260000] fffffdee 80843e30 80843f10 00000020 00000000 7fb57a68 7f
> b57a78 802461b8
> [898755.260000] ...
> [898755.260000] Call Trace:
> [898755.260000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.260000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.260000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898755.260000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898755.260000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898755.260000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898755.260000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898755.260000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898755.260000]
> [898755.260000]
> [898755.260000] Code: 24630001 af830014 3c020001 <c0830000> 00622821 e0850000
> 10a0fffc 00032c02 3063ffff
> [898755.260000] Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
> [898755.400000] note: rsync[3683] exited with preempt_count 1
> [898755.410000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898755.410000] Call Trace:
> [898755.420000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898755.420000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898755.430000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898755.430000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898755.440000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898755.440000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898755.450000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898755.450000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898755.460000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898755.460000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898755.470000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898755.480000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.480000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.490000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898755.500000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898755.500000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898755.510000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898755.510000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898755.520000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898755.520000]
> [898755.540000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898755.540000] Call Trace:
> [898755.550000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898755.550000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898755.560000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898755.560000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898755.570000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898755.570000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898755.570000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898755.580000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898755.580000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898755.590000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898755.590000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898755.600000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.600000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.610000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898755.620000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898755.620000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898755.630000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898755.630000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898755.640000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898755.640000]
> [898755.700000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898755.700000] Call Trace:
> [898755.700000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898755.710000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898755.710000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898755.720000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898755.720000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898755.730000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898755.730000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898755.740000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898755.740000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898755.750000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898755.750000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898755.760000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.760000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.770000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898755.770000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898755.780000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898755.780000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898755.790000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898755.790000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898755.800000]
> [898755.820000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898755.820000] Call Trace:
> [898755.820000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898755.830000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898755.830000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898755.840000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898755.840000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898755.850000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898755.850000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898755.860000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898755.860000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898755.870000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898755.870000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898755.880000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.880000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898755.890000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898755.900000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898755.900000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898755.910000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898755.910000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898755.920000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898755.920000]
> [898755.930000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898755.930000] Call Trace:
> [898755.930000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898755.940000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898755.940000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898755.950000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898755.950000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898755.960000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898755.960000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898755.970000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898755.970000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898755.980000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898755.980000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898755.990000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898755.990000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.000000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.000000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.010000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.010000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.020000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.020000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898756.030000]
> [898756.090000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898756.100000] Call Trace:
> [898756.100000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898756.110000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898756.110000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898756.120000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898756.120000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898756.130000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898756.130000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898756.140000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898756.140000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898756.150000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898756.150000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898756.160000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898756.170000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.170000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.180000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.180000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.190000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.190000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.200000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898756.200000]
> [898756.230000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898756.230000] Call Trace:
> [898756.230000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898756.240000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898756.240000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898756.250000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898756.250000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898756.260000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898756.270000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898756.270000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898756.280000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898756.280000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898756.290000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898756.290000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898756.300000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.300000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.310000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.320000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.320000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.330000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.330000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898756.340000]
> [898756.360000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898756.360000] Call Trace:
> [898756.360000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898756.370000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898756.370000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898756.380000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898756.380000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898756.390000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898756.390000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898756.400000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898756.400000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898756.410000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898756.410000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898756.420000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898756.420000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.430000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.440000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.440000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.450000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.450000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.460000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898756.460000]
> [898756.470000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898756.470000] Call Trace:
> [898756.470000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898756.480000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898756.480000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898756.490000] [<8008f82c>] unmap_vmas+0x1e0/0x30c
> [898756.490000] [<800922c8>] exit_mmap+0x10c/0x1dc
> [898756.500000] [<800293d4>] mmput+0x58/0x104
> [898756.500000] [<8002d850>] exit_mm+0x130/0x178
> [898756.510000] [<8002f638>] do_exit+0x254/0x310
> [898756.510000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898756.520000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898756.520000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898756.530000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898756.530000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.540000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.550000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.550000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.560000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.560000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.570000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> [898756.570000]
> [898756.580000] BUG: scheduling while atomic: rsync/3683/0x10000002
> [898756.580000] Call Trace:
> [898756.590000] [<802ec028>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
> [898756.590000] [<802ecd84>] schedule+0x61c/0x690
> [898756.600000] [<802ed110>] _cond_resched+0x4c/0x60
> [898756.600000] [<8002db64>] put_files_struct+0x144/0x158
> [898756.610000] [<8002f640>] do_exit+0x25c/0x310
> [898756.610000] [<800089ec>] die+0xec/0x114
> [898756.620000] [<8000c2b8>] do_page_fault+0x2a8/0x330
> [898756.620000] [<800032a4>] ret_from_exception+0x0/0x10
> [898756.630000] [<802eefd8>] _raw_spin_lock+0x10/0x3c
> [898756.630000] [<8006a788>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x134/0x2bc
> [898756.640000] [<802c6bdc>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x278/0x44c
> [898756.640000] [<802461b8>] sock_aio_write+0x138/0x154
> [898756.650000] [<800a6460>] do_sync_write+0xc4/0x13c
> [898756.660000] [<800a719c>] vfs_write+0x15c/0x164
> [898756.660000] [<800a72a4>] sys_write+0x50/0xa0
> [898756.670000] [<8000aa1c>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
> --- 8< ---
>
> --- 8< ---
> $ grep RCU .config
> # RCU Subsystem
> CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU=y
> CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU=y
> # CONFIG_RCU_TRACE is not set
> CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT=32
> # CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT is not set
> # CONFIG_TREE_RCU_TRACE is not set
> # CONFIG_SPARSE_RCU_POINTER is not set
> # CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST is not set
> CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR=y
> CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT=60
> CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR_RUNNABLE=y
> CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE=y
> --- 8< ---
>
> Any input is appreciated. I would love to be able to definitively blame
> this on fixes that simply haven't been backported, instead of bringing
> the hardware design into question.
>
> I would upgrade to 3.0 or newer, but I haven't been able to get such a
> kernel to boot. It dies just after going SMP - which might be my fault.
> However, that's a seperate issue, and I haven't spent much time trying
> to figure out what goes wrong yet.
>
> I can provide all sorts of further info on request, let me know what you
> need. Thanks for looking.


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