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SubjectRe: [RFC] weird crap with vdso on uml/i386
Am 20.08.2011 03:18, schrieb Al Viro:
> 3) with the previous two issues dealt with, we get the following magical
> mistery shite when running 32bit uml kernel + userland on 64bit host:
> * the system boots all the way to getty/login and sshd (i.e. gets
> through the debian /etc/init.d (squeeze/i386))
> * one can log into it, both on terminals and over ssh. shell and
> a bunch of other stuff works. Mostly.
> * /bin/bash -c "echo *" reliably segfaults. Always. So does tab
> completion in bash, for that matter.
> * said segfault is reproducible both from shell and under gdb.
> For /bin/bash -c "echo *" under gdb it's always the 10th call of brk(3).
> What happens there apparently boils down to __kernel_vsyscall() getting
> called (and yes, sys_brk() is called, succeeds and results in expected
> value in %eax) and corrupting the living hell out of %ecx. Namely, on
> return from what presumably is __kernel_vsyscall() I'm seeing %ecx equal
> to (original value of) %ebp. All registers except %eax and %ecx (including
> %esp and %ebp) remain unchanged.
> Again, that happens only on the same call of brk(3) - all previous
> calls succeed as expected. I don't believe that it's a race. I also
> very much doubt that we are calling the wrong location - it's hard to tell
> with the call being call *%gs:0x10 (is there any way to find what that
> is equal to in gdb, BTW? Short of hot-patching movl *%gs:0x10,%eax in place
> of that call and single-stepping it, that is...) but it *does* end up
> making the system call that ought to have been made, so I suspect that it
> does hit __kernel_vsyscall(), after all...
>
> The text of __kernel_vsyscall() is
> 0xffffe420<__kernel_vsyscall+0>: push %ebp
> 0xffffe421<__kernel_vsyscall+1>: mov %ecx,%ebp
> 0xffffe423<__kernel_vsyscall+3>: syscall
> 0xffffe425<__kernel_vsyscall+5>: mov $0x2b,%ecx
> 0xffffe42a<__kernel_vsyscall+10>: mov %ecx,%ss
> 0xffffe42c<__kernel_vsyscall+12>: mov %ebp,%ecx
> 0xffffe42e<__kernel_vsyscall+14>: pop %ebp
> 0xffffe42f<__kernel_vsyscall+15>: ret
> so %ecx on the way out becoming equal to original %ebp is bloody curious -
> it would smell like entering that sucker 3 bytes too late and skipping
> mov %ecx, %ebp, but... we would also skip push %ebp, so we'd get trashed
> on the way out - wrong return address, wrong value in %ebp, changed %esp.
> None of that happens. And we are executing that code in userland - i.e.
> to get corrupt it would have to get corrupt in *HOST* 32bit VDSO. Which
> would have much more visible effects, starting with the next attempt to
> run the testcase blowing up immediately instead of waiting (as it actually
> does) for the same 10th call of brk()...
>
> I'm at loss, to be honest. The sucker is nicely reproducible, but bisecting
> doesn't help at all - it seems to be present all the way back at least to
> 2.6.33. I hadn't tried to go back further and I hadn't tried to go for
> older host kernels, but I wouldn't put too much faith into that... The
> reason it hadn't been noticed much earlier is that it works fine on i386
> host - aforementioned shit happens only when the entire thing (identical
> binary, identical fs image, identical options) is run on amd64. However,
> on i386 I have a different __kernel_vsyscall, which might easily be the
> reason it doesn't happen there. It's a K7 box with sysenter-based
> variant ending up as __kernel_vsyscall(). Hell knows what's going on...
> Behaviour is really weird and I'd appreciate any pointers re debugging
> that crap. Suggestions?

Hmmm, very strange.
Sadly I cannot reproduce the issue. :(
Everything works fine within UML.
(Of course I've applied your vDSO/i386 patches)

My test setup:
Host kernel: 2.6.37 and 3.0.1
Distro: openSUSE 11.4/x86_64

UML kernel: 3.1-rc2
Distro: openSUSE 11.1/i386

Does the problem also occur with another host kernel or a different
guest image?

Thanks,
//richard


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