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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] x86: Reduce clock calibration time during slave cpu startup
Reduce the startup time for slave cpus.

This patch adds hooks for an arch-specific function for clock calibration.

These hooks are used on x86. If a newly started cpu has the same phys_proc_id
as a core already active, uses the TSC for the delay loop and has a CONSTANT_TSC,
use the already-calculated value of loops_per_jiffy.

This patch reduces the time required to start slave cpus on a 4096 cpu system
from:
465 sec OLD
62 sec NEW

This reduces boot time on a 4096p system by almost 7 minutes. Nice...


Signed-off-by: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com>


---
V2 - remove assumption that all cores in a socket have the same core frequency.
the patch is enabled only if delay() uses the TSC & socket is CONSTANT_TSC.
V3 - Update comments & patch description. No code changes.
[RESEND - failed to change V2 to V3 in previous posting.]

Not sure if this is acceptible or what needs to be done next. Pointers
appreciated.



Also see https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/12/14/511 for a previous discussion
for similar improvement. This patch gives almost equivalent performance
and is less intrusive.


arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 16 +++++++++++-----
arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
init/calibrate.c | 15 +++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c 2011-08-05 08:24:19.492148934 -0500
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c 2011-08-08 15:21:47.919979997 -0500
@@ -207,23 +207,29 @@ static void __cpuinit smp_callin(void)
* Need to setup vector mappings before we enable interrupts.
*/
setup_vector_irq(smp_processor_id());
+
+ /*
+ * Save our processor parameters. Note: this information
+ * is needed for clock calibration.
+ */
+ smp_store_cpu_info(cpuid);
+
/*
* Get our bogomips.
+ * Update loops_per_jiffy in cpu_data. Previous call to
+ * smp_store_cpu_info() stored a value that is close but not as
+ * accurate as the value just calculated.
*
* Need to enable IRQs because it can take longer and then
* the NMI watchdog might kill us.
*/
local_irq_enable();
calibrate_delay();
+ cpu_data(cpuid).loops_per_jiffy = loops_per_jiffy;
local_irq_disable();
pr_debug("Stack at about %p\n", &cpuid);

/*
- * Save our processor parameters
- */
- smp_store_cpu_info(cpuid);
-
- /*
* This must be done before setting cpu_online_mask
* or calling notify_cpu_starting.
*/
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c 2011-08-05 08:24:19.492148934 -0500
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c 2011-08-08 15:31:43.236111159 -0500
@@ -995,3 +995,22 @@ void __init tsc_init(void)
check_system_tsc_reliable();
}

+/*
+ * If we have a constant TSC and are using the TSC for the delay loop,
+ * we can skip clock calibration if another cpu in the same socket has already
+ * been calibrated. This assumes that CONSTANT_TSC applies to all
+ * cpus in the socket - this should be a safe assumption.
+ */
+unsigned long __cpuinit calibrate_delay_is_known(void)
+{
+ int i, cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (!tsc_disabled && !cpu_has(&cpu_data(cpu), X86_FEATURE_CONSTANT_TSC))
+ return 0;
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(i)
+ if (cpu_data(i).phys_proc_id == cpu_data(cpu).phys_proc_id)
+ return cpu_data(i).loops_per_jiffy;
+ return 0;
+}
+
Index: linux/init/calibrate.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/init/calibrate.c 2011-08-05 08:24:19.492148934 -0500
+++ linux/init/calibrate.c 2011-08-08 15:33:17.003985763 -0500
@@ -246,6 +246,19 @@ recalibrate:

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_loops_per_jiffy) = { 0 };

+/*
+ * Check if cpu calibration delay is already known. For example,
+ * some processors with multi-core sockets may have all cores
+ * with the same calibration delay.
+ *
+ * Architectures should override this function if a faster calibration
+ * method is available.
+ */
+unsigned long __attribute__((weak)) __cpuinit calibrate_delay_is_known(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
void __cpuinit calibrate_delay(void)
{
unsigned long lpj;
@@ -265,6 +278,8 @@ void __cpuinit calibrate_delay(void)
lpj = lpj_fine;
pr_info("Calibrating delay loop (skipped), "
"value calculated using timer frequency.. ");
+ } else if ((lpj = calibrate_delay_is_known())) {
+ ;
} else if ((lpj = calibrate_delay_direct()) != 0) {
if (!printed)
pr_info("Calibrating delay using timer "

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