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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] perf: add context field to perf_event
On Tue, Jul 12, 2011 at 10:31:00AM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Tue, 2011-07-12 at 12:27 +0300, Avi Kivity wrote:
> > On 07/12/2011 12:18 PM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > >
> > > > The guarantee is that the task was sleeping just before the function is
> > > > called. Of course it's woken up to run the function.
> > > >
> > > > The idea is that you run the function in a known safe point to avoid
> > > > extra synchronization.
> > > >
> > >
> > > I'd much rather we didn't wake the task and let it sleep, that's usually
> > > a very safe place for tasks to be. All you'd need is a guarantee it
> > > won't be woken up while you're doing your thing.
> >
> > But it means that 'current' is not set to the right value. If the
> > function depends on it, then it will misbehave. And in fact
> > preempt_notifier_register(), which is the function we want to call here,
> > does depend on current.
> >
> > Of course we need to find more users for this, but I have a feeling this
> > will be generally useful. The alternative is to keep adding bits to
> > thread_info::flags.
>
> Using TIF_bits sounds like a much better solution for this, wakeups are
> really rather expensive and its best to avoid extra if at all possible.

The problem with using a TIF bit to tell a task that it needs to perform
some preempt_notifier registrations is that you end up with something that
looks a lot like preempt notifiers! You also don't escape the concurrent
read/write to thelist of pending registrations.

One thing I tried was simply using an RCU protected hlist for the preempt
notifiers so that we don't have to worry about atomicity when reading the
notifiers in finish_task_switch. It's a bit odd, since we know we only ever
have a single reader, but I've included it below anyway.

If anybody has any better ideas, I'm all ears.

Will


diff --git a/include/linux/preempt.h b/include/linux/preempt.h
index 2e681d9..2e21ffe 100644
--- a/include/linux/preempt.h
+++ b/include/linux/preempt.h
@@ -132,6 +132,11 @@ struct preempt_notifier {
void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier);
void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier);

+void preempt_notifier_register_task(struct preempt_notifier *notifier,
+ struct task_struct *tsk);
+void preempt_notifier_unregister_task(struct preempt_notifier *notifier,
+ struct task_struct *tsk);
+
static inline void preempt_notifier_init(struct preempt_notifier *notifier,
struct preempt_ops *ops)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 496770a..5530d91 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1233,6 +1233,7 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
/* list of struct preempt_notifier: */
struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers;
+ struct mutex preempt_notifiers_mutex;
#endif

/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 9769c75..d3c46ca 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -2784,6 +2784,7 @@ static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&p->preempt_notifiers);
+ mutex_init(&p->preempt_notifiers_mutex);
#endif
}

@@ -2901,13 +2902,31 @@ void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *p)

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS

+void preempt_notifier_register_task(struct preempt_notifier *notifier,
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&tsk->preempt_notifiers_mutex);
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&notifier->link, &tsk->preempt_notifiers);
+ mutex_unlock(&tsk->preempt_notifiers_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register_task);
+
+void preempt_notifier_unregister_task(struct preempt_notifier *notifier,
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&tsk->preempt_notifiers_mutex);
+ hlist_del_rcu(&notifier->link);
+ mutex_unlock(&tsk->preempt_notifiers_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_unregister_task);
+
/**
* preempt_notifier_register - tell me when current is being preempted & rescheduled
* @notifier: notifier struct to register
*/
void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
- hlist_add_head(&notifier->link, &current->preempt_notifiers);
+ preempt_notifier_register_task(notifier, current);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register);

@@ -2919,7 +2938,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register);
*/
void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
- hlist_del(&notifier->link);
+ preempt_notifier_unregister_task(notifier, current);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_unregister);

@@ -2928,8 +2947,12 @@ static void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;

- hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_in(notifier, raw_smp_processor_id());
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

static void
@@ -2939,8 +2962,12 @@ fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;

- hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_out(notifier, next);
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

#else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
@@ -7979,6 +8006,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&init_task.preempt_notifiers);
+ mutex_init(&init_task.preempt_notifiers_mutex);
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP


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