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SubjectRe: [PATCH] fb: avoid possible deadlock caused by fb_set_suspend
Hi Paul,

what are your plans for the patch below? Do you queue it for 3.1?
The only feedback so far was that one driver (sh_mobile_hdmi) would require more
work with a patch for that proposed. Without any objections to the patch I think
we should take it as fixing the subsystem is more important than causing
potential issues with a single driver.


Thanks,

Florian Tobias Schandinat

On 06/17/2011 07:02 PM, Florian Tobias Schandinat wrote:
> From: Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski<herton@mandriva.com.br>
>
> A lock ordering issue can cause deadlocks: in framebuffer/console code,
> all needed struct fb_info locks are taken before acquire_console_sem(),
> in places which need to take console semaphore.
>
> But fb_set_suspend is always called with console semaphore held, and
> inside it we call lock_fb_info which gets the fb_info lock, inverse
> locking order of what the rest of the code does. This causes a real
> deadlock issue, when we write to state fb sysfs attribute (which calls
> fb_set_suspend) while a framebuffer is being unregistered by
> remove_conflicting_framebuffers, as can be shown by following show
> blocked state trace on a test program which loads i915 and runs another
> forked processes writing to state attribute:
>
> Test process with semaphore held and trying to get fb_info lock:
> ..
> fb-test2 D 0000000000000000 0 237 228 0x00000000
> ffff8800774f3d68 0000000000000082 00000000000135c0 00000000000135c0
> ffff880000000000 ffff8800774f3fd8 ffff8800774f3fd8 ffff880076ee4530
> 00000000000135c0 ffff8800774f3fd8 ffff8800774f2000 00000000000135c0
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff8141287a>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x11a/0x1e0
> [<ffffffff814142f2>] ? _raw_spin_lock_irq+0x22/0x40
> [<ffffffff814123d3>] mutex_lock+0x23/0x50
> [<ffffffff8125dfc5>] lock_fb_info+0x25/0x60
> [<ffffffff8125e3f0>] fb_set_suspend+0x20/0x80
> [<ffffffff81263e2f>] store_fbstate+0x4f/0x70
> [<ffffffff812e7f70>] dev_attr_store+0x20/0x30
> [<ffffffff811c46b4>] sysfs_write_file+0xd4/0x160
> [<ffffffff81155a26>] vfs_write+0xc6/0x190
> [<ffffffff81155d51>] sys_write+0x51/0x90
> [<ffffffff8100c012>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> ..
> modprobe process stalled because has the fb_info lock (got inside
> unregister_framebuffer) but waiting for the semaphore held by the
> test process which is waiting to get the fb_info lock:
> ..
> modprobe D 0000000000000000 0 230 218 0x00000000
> ffff880077a4d618 0000000000000082 0000000000000001 0000000000000001
> ffff880000000000 ffff880077a4dfd8 ffff880077a4dfd8 ffff8800775a2e20
> 00000000000135c0 ffff880077a4dfd8 ffff880077a4c000 00000000000135c0
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff81411fe5>] schedule_timeout+0x215/0x310
> [<ffffffff81058051>] ? get_parent_ip+0x11/0x50
> [<ffffffff814130dd>] __down+0x6d/0xb0
> [<ffffffff81089f71>] down+0x41/0x50
> [<ffffffff810629ac>] acquire_console_sem+0x2c/0x50
> [<ffffffff812ca53d>] unbind_con_driver+0xad/0x2d0
> [<ffffffff8126f5f7>] fbcon_event_notify+0x457/0x890
> [<ffffffff814144ff>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x1f/0x50
> [<ffffffff81058051>] ? get_parent_ip+0x11/0x50
> [<ffffffff8141836d>] notifier_call_chain+0x4d/0x70
> [<ffffffff8108a3b8>] __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x58/0x80
> [<ffffffff8108a3f6>] blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x16/0x20
> [<ffffffff8125dabb>] fb_notifier_call_chain+0x1b/0x20
> [<ffffffff8125e6ac>] unregister_framebuffer+0x7c/0x130
> [<ffffffff8125e8b3>] remove_conflicting_framebuffers+0x153/0x180
> [<ffffffff8125eef3>] register_framebuffer+0x93/0x2c0
> [<ffffffffa0331112>] drm_fb_helper_single_fb_probe+0x252/0x2f0 [drm_kms_helper]
> [<ffffffffa03314a3>] drm_fb_helper_initial_config+0x2f3/0x6d0 [drm_kms_helper]
> [<ffffffffa03318dd>] ? drm_fb_helper_single_add_all_connectors+0x5d/0x1c0 [drm_kms_helper]
> [<ffffffffa037b588>] intel_fbdev_init+0xa8/0x160 [i915]
> [<ffffffffa0343d74>] i915_driver_load+0x854/0x12b0 [i915]
> [<ffffffffa02f0e7e>] drm_get_pci_dev+0x19e/0x360 [drm]
> [<ffffffff8141821d>] ? sub_preempt_count+0x9d/0xd0
> [<ffffffffa0386f91>] i915_pci_probe+0x15/0x17 [i915]
> [<ffffffff8124481f>] local_pci_probe+0x5f/0xd0
> [<ffffffff81244f89>] pci_device_probe+0x119/0x120
> [<ffffffff812eccaa>] ? driver_sysfs_add+0x7a/0xb0
> [<ffffffff812ed003>] driver_probe_device+0xa3/0x290
> [<ffffffff812ed1f0>] ? __driver_attach+0x0/0xb0
> [<ffffffff812ed29b>] __driver_attach+0xab/0xb0
> [<ffffffff812ed1f0>] ? __driver_attach+0x0/0xb0
> [<ffffffff812ebd3e>] bus_for_each_dev+0x5e/0x90
> [<ffffffff812ecc2e>] driver_attach+0x1e/0x20
> [<ffffffff812ec6f2>] bus_add_driver+0xe2/0x320
> [<ffffffffa03aa000>] ? i915_init+0x0/0x96 [i915]
> [<ffffffff812ed536>] driver_register+0x76/0x140
> [<ffffffffa03aa000>] ? i915_init+0x0/0x96 [i915]
> [<ffffffff81245216>] __pci_register_driver+0x56/0xd0
> [<ffffffffa02f1264>] drm_pci_init+0xe4/0xf0 [drm]
> [<ffffffffa03aa000>] ? i915_init+0x0/0x96 [i915]
> [<ffffffffa02e84a8>] drm_init+0x58/0x70 [drm]
> [<ffffffffa03aa094>] i915_init+0x94/0x96 [i915]
> [<ffffffff81002194>] do_one_initcall+0x44/0x190
> [<ffffffff810a066b>] sys_init_module+0xcb/0x210
> [<ffffffff8100c012>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> ..
>
> fb-test2 which reproduces above is available on kernel.org bug #26232.
> To solve this issue, avoid calling lock_fb_info inside fb_set_suspend,
> and move it out to where needed (callers of fb_set_suspend must call
> lock_fb_info before if needed). So far, the only place which needs to
> call lock_fb_info is store_fbstate, all other places which calls
> fb_set_suspend are suspend/resume hooks that should not need the lock as
> they should be run only when processes are already frozen in
> suspend/resume.
>
> References: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=26232
> Signed-off-by: Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski<herton@mandriva.com.br>
> Signed-off-by: Florian Tobias Schandinat<FlorianSchandinat@gmx.de>
> Cc: stable@kernel.org
> ---
> drivers/video/fbmem.c | 3 ---
> drivers/video/fbsysfs.c | 3 +++
> 2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/video/fbmem.c b/drivers/video/fbmem.c
> index 5aac00e..ad93629 100644
> --- a/drivers/video/fbmem.c
> +++ b/drivers/video/fbmem.c
> @@ -1738,8 +1738,6 @@ void fb_set_suspend(struct fb_info *info, int state)
> {
> struct fb_event event;
>
> - if (!lock_fb_info(info))
> - return;
> event.info = info;
> if (state) {
> fb_notifier_call_chain(FB_EVENT_SUSPEND,&event);
> @@ -1748,7 +1746,6 @@ void fb_set_suspend(struct fb_info *info, int state)
> info->state = FBINFO_STATE_RUNNING;
> fb_notifier_call_chain(FB_EVENT_RESUME,&event);
> }
> - unlock_fb_info(info);
> }
>
> /**
> diff --git a/drivers/video/fbsysfs.c b/drivers/video/fbsysfs.c
> index 04251ce..67afa9c 100644
> --- a/drivers/video/fbsysfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/video/fbsysfs.c
> @@ -399,9 +399,12 @@ static ssize_t store_fbstate(struct device *device,
>
> state = simple_strtoul(buf,&last, 0);
>
> + if (!lock_fb_info(fb_info))
> + return -ENODEV;
> console_lock();
> fb_set_suspend(fb_info, (int)state);
> console_unlock();
> + unlock_fb_info(fb_info);
>
> return count;
> }



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