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SubjectRe: INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected
On Fri, Jul 15, 2011 at 06:11:55PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Fri, 2011-07-15 at 08:59 -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
>
> > > Because we're in irq_exit(), after decrementing preempt_count, so
> > > in_irq() returns false.
> >
> > Can we delay decrementing preempt_count so that RCU has some chance
> > of actually working?
>
> No, softirqs must be ran with in_irq() being false.

How about just through the wakeup, not across the softirqs themselves?

> > > No, the *BANG* being that we end up calling rcu_read_unlock_special()
> > > while holding scheduler locks, which is BAD(tm).
> >
> > Well, it certainly is BAD(tm) if you guys continue to deprive
> > rcu_read_unlock_special() of the means of determining whether it is
> > being invoked from hardware irq handler context.
>
> hard irq handler isn't really the problem here, its the nested softirq
> code that is.

More specifically, the calls to the scheduler. Which in turn is now
problematic due to the addition of RCU read-side critical sections in
code holding rq and pi locks. I clearly failed to fully think through
the consequences of adding those rcu_read_unlock() calls.

> > > > (Which I believe, perhaps
> > > > incorrectly, to be prevented by the fact that all modifications to
> > > > ->rcu_read_unlock_special are carried out with irqs disabled on the
> > > > corresponding CPU, at least given no RCU_BOOST.) The check for in_irq()
> > > > should prevent the from-irq rcu_read_unlock_special() from attempting
> > > > to acquire any locks.
> > >
> > > Right, so in_irq() simply checks a few bits in preempt_count, which we
> > > just cleared due to being in irq_exit().
> >
> > Right. So how about delaying clearing those bits until after you get
> > done messing with the scheduler from hardware irq handler context?
>
> Can't do.

"messing with the scheduler", not "executing softirq handlers".

> > > But in_irq() isn't sufficient for RCU usage after the hardirq ends, see
> > > irq_exit(). Also there's all of softirq to consider, that too can run
> > > and not get caught by in_irq().
> >
> > Change the rules without adjusting the callers can in fact result in some
> > breakage. ;-)
>
> There's no changing the rules here, this is how its worked for a very
> long time indeed. Softirqs can run from the hardirq tail.

OK, my complaint was due to my believing that local_irq_save() was
invoking the scheduler.

> > The bit about local_irq_save() and local_irq_restore() invoking the
> > scheduler is rather surprising -- is there a raw_ version that avoids
> > this?
>
> They don't, they might for -rt, but that's a different story. But
> looking at the latest version I have its only local_irq_save_rt() and
> friends that do that.

Whew! ;-)

> > > > 3. It is possible that the task is preempted after the
> > > > --rcu_read_lock_nesting, in which case the task won't be queued.
> > > > Of course the task might already be queued if there was an
> > > > earlier preemption during this same RCU read-side critical
> > > > section, in which case #2 applies.
> > > >
> > > > In other words, a preemption in __rcu_read_unlock() after the
> > > > --rcu_read_lock_nesting has no effect on RCU state: either the
> > > > task was already marked RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED, or it wasn't.
> > > > Either way, rcu_note_context_switch() does not see this task as
> > > > being in an RCU read-side critical section.
> > > >
> > > > So what am I missing here?
> > >
> > > $task IRQ SoftIRQ
> > >
> > > rcu_read_lock()
> > >
> > > /* do stuff */
> > >
> > > <preempt> |= UNLOCK_BLOCKED
> > >
> > > rcu_read_unlock()
> > > --t->rcu_read_lock_nesting
> > >
> > > irq_enter();
> > > /* do stuff, don't use RCU */
> > > irq_exit();
> > > sub_preempt_count(IRQ_EXIT_OFFSET);
> > > invoke_softirq()
> >
> > Why can't we exchange the order of the above two so that RCU correctly
> > avoids messing with the scheduler if called from hardware interrupt
> > context?
>
> Because softirqs != hardirq ? This has been so like forever, can't go
> change the semantics of this without risking tons of borkage. Every time
> we try to change softirq semantics (we tried with -rt, because softirqs
> are a massive pain) everything goes tits up fast.
>
> > >
> > > ttwu();
> > > spin_lock_irq(&pi->lock)
> > > rcu_read_lock();
> > > /* do stuff */
> > > rcu_read_unlock();
> > > rcu_read_unlock_special()
> > > rcu_report_exp_rnp()
> > > ttwu()
> > > spin_lock_irq(&pi->lock) /* deadlock */
> > >
> > >
> > > rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
> > >
> > > Ed can simply trigger this 'easy' because invoke_softirq() immediately
> > > does a ttwu() of ksoftirqd/# instead of doing the in-place softirq stuff
> > > first, but even without that the above happens.
> >
> > An easily reproduced bug is certainly a nice change of pace...
> >
> > > Something like the below _might_ fix it..
> >
> > Maybe, but how does tglx make PREEMPT_RT work in this case? The problem
> > is that PREEMPT_RT allows ksoftirqd to be preempted, and thus allows it
> > to be RCU priority boosted.
>
> RT is mostly easier since it doesn't nest as many contexts, softirqs for
> example always run in task context, and the only way to run them in a
> random tasks' context is through local_bh_enable() and since there's no
> local_bh_enable() call in the middle of __rcu_read_unlock() you're
> pretty good there.
>
> I know tglx has some softirq changes he hasn't yet shared with me, but
> if the patch I send earlier fixes the problem for mainline, I'm fairly
> confident I can cook one up for him as well.

OK. Ed, would you be willing to try the patch out?

Thanx, Paul


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