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SubjectRe: lockdep circular locking error (rcu_node_level_0 vs rq->lock)
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Date
On Tue, 2011-07-12 at 13:51 -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
>
> So I am hoping that your idea of doing rcu_read_lock() before acquiring
> rq locks (and pi locks) and doing rcu_read_unlock() after releasing them
> does work out!

it would look something like the below, except that it needs some
performance testing, it does add a lot of rcu fiddling to hot paths.

Need sleep now.. will poke more in the morning.

---
kernel/sched.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
kernel/sched_fair.c | 14 +++++++---
kernel/sched_rt.c | 6 ++++
3 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 9769c75..4bf0951 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -892,6 +892,7 @@ static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
* prev into current:
*/
spin_acquire(&rq->lock.dep_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_);
+ rcu_read_acquire();

raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
}
@@ -960,6 +961,7 @@ static struct rq *task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
struct rq *rq;

for (;;) {
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
rq = task_rq(p);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
@@ -967,6 +969,7 @@ static struct rq *task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
return rq;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}
}

@@ -983,6 +986,7 @@ task_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, *flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

/*
@@ -995,6 +999,7 @@ static struct rq *this_rq_lock(void)

local_irq_disable();
rq = this_rq();
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);

return rq;
@@ -1042,10 +1047,12 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)

WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
rq->curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, rq->curr, 1);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
}
@@ -1058,10 +1065,12 @@ static void __hrtick_start(void *arg)
{
struct rq *rq = arg;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
hrtimer_restart(&rq->hrtick_timer);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

/*
@@ -1190,10 +1199,14 @@ static void resched_cpu(int cpu)
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;

- if (!raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags))
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ if (!raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return;
+ }
resched_task(cpu_curr(cpu));
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
@@ -1685,6 +1698,7 @@ static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__acquires(rq1->lock)
__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
+ rcu_read_lock();
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
if (rq1 == rq2) {
raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
@@ -1715,6 +1729,7 @@ static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
raw_spin_unlock(&rq2->lock);
else
__release(rq2->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
@@ -1731,6 +1746,7 @@ static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
{
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
__acquire(rq2->lock); /* Fake it out ;) */
}
@@ -1747,6 +1763,7 @@ static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
{
BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
__release(rq2->lock);
}

@@ -2552,6 +2569,7 @@ static void sched_ttwu_pending(void)
if (!list)
return;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);

while (list) {
@@ -2561,6 +2579,7 @@ static void sched_ttwu_pending(void)
}

raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

void scheduler_ipi(void)
@@ -2645,6 +2664,7 @@ try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
int cpu, success = 0;

smp_wmb();
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
if (!(p->state & state))
goto out;
@@ -2698,6 +2718,7 @@ try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
out:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

return success;
}
@@ -2718,6 +2739,7 @@ static void try_to_wake_up_local(struct task_struct *p)
BUG_ON(p == current);
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);

+ rcu_read_lock();
if (!raw_spin_trylock(&p->pi_lock)) {
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
@@ -2734,6 +2756,7 @@ static void try_to_wake_up_local(struct task_struct *p)
ttwu_stat(p, smp_processor_id(), 0);
out:
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

/**
@@ -2843,9 +2866,11 @@ void sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
*
* Silence PROVE_RCU.
*/
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
if (likely(sched_info_on()))
@@ -2877,6 +2902,7 @@ void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *p)
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
@@ -3026,6 +3052,7 @@ static void finish_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
local_irq_enable();
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW */
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(current);
if (mm)
@@ -3055,10 +3082,12 @@ static inline void post_schedule(struct rq *rq)
if (rq->post_schedule) {
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
if (rq->curr->sched_class->post_schedule)
rq->curr->sched_class->post_schedule(rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

rq->post_schedule = 0;
}
@@ -3141,6 +3170,7 @@ context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
*/
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
spin_release(&rq->lock.dep_map, 1, _THIS_IP_);
+ rcu_read_release();
#endif

/* Here we just switch the register state and the stack. */
@@ -3607,6 +3637,7 @@ void sched_exec(void)
unsigned long flags;
int dest_cpu;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
dest_cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_EXEC, 0);
if (dest_cpu == smp_processor_id())
@@ -3621,6 +3652,7 @@ void sched_exec(void)
}
unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

#endif
@@ -4062,11 +4094,13 @@ void scheduler_tick(void)

sched_clock_tick();

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
update_cpu_load_active(rq);
curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

perf_event_task_tick();

@@ -4231,6 +4265,7 @@ asmlinkage void __sched schedule(void)
if (sched_feat(HRTICK))
hrtick_clear(rq);

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);

switch_count = &prev->nivcsw;
@@ -4291,8 +4326,10 @@ asmlinkage void __sched schedule(void)
*/
cpu = smp_processor_id();
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
- } else
+ } else {
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ }

post_schedule(rq);

@@ -5136,8 +5173,7 @@ static int __sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *p, int policy,
if (unlikely(policy == p->policy && (!rt_policy(policy) ||
param->sched_priority == p->rt_priority))) {

- __task_rq_unlock(rq);
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+ task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &flags);
return 0;
}

@@ -5508,9 +5544,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sched_yield)
* Since we are going to call schedule() anyway, there's
* no need to preempt or enable interrupts:
*/
- __release(rq->lock);
- spin_release(&rq->lock.dep_map, 1, _THIS_IP_);
- do_raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ preempt_disable();
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
preempt_enable_no_resched();

schedule();
@@ -5869,6 +5905,7 @@ void __cpuinit init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu)
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);

__sched_fork(idle);
@@ -5876,25 +5913,14 @@ void __cpuinit init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu)
idle->se.exec_start = sched_clock();

do_set_cpus_allowed(idle, cpumask_of(cpu));
- /*
- * We're having a chicken and egg problem, even though we are
- * holding rq->lock, the cpu isn't yet set to this cpu so the
- * lockdep check in task_group() will fail.
- *
- * Similar case to sched_fork(). / Alternatively we could
- * use task_rq_lock() here and obtain the other rq->lock.
- *
- * Silence PROVE_RCU
- */
- rcu_read_lock();
__set_task_cpu(idle, cpu);
- rcu_read_unlock();

rq->curr = rq->idle = idle;
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
idle->on_cpu = 1;
#endif
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

/* Set the preempt count _outside_ the spinlocks! */
task_thread_info(idle)->preempt_count = 0;
@@ -6062,6 +6088,7 @@ static int __migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, int src_cpu, int dest_cpu)
rq_src = cpu_rq(src_cpu);
rq_dest = cpu_rq(dest_cpu);

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
double_rq_lock(rq_src, rq_dest);
/* Already moved. */
@@ -6086,6 +6113,7 @@ static int __migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, int src_cpu, int dest_cpu)
fail:
double_rq_unlock(rq_src, rq_dest);
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}

@@ -6415,6 +6443,7 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)

case CPU_ONLINE:
/* Update our root-domain */
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
if (rq->rd) {
BUG_ON(!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, rq->rd->span));
@@ -6422,12 +6451,14 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
set_rq_online(rq);
}
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
break;

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
case CPU_DYING:
sched_ttwu_pending();
/* Update our root-domain */
+ rcu_read_lock()
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
if (rq->rd) {
BUG_ON(!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, rq->rd->span));
@@ -6436,6 +6467,7 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
migrate_tasks(cpu);
BUG_ON(rq->nr_running != 1); /* the migration thread */
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

migrate_nr_uninterruptible(rq);
calc_global_load_remove(rq);
@@ -6694,6 +6726,7 @@ static void rq_attach_root(struct rq *rq, struct root_domain *rd)
struct root_domain *old_rd = NULL;
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);

if (rq->rd) {
@@ -6721,6 +6754,7 @@ static void rq_attach_root(struct rq *rq, struct root_domain *rd)
set_rq_online(rq);

raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_lock();

if (old_rd)
call_rcu_sched(&old_rd->rcu, free_rootdomain);
@@ -8116,6 +8150,7 @@ void normalize_rt_tasks(void)
continue;
}

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
rq = __task_rq_lock(p);

@@ -8123,6 +8158,7 @@ void normalize_rt_tasks(void)

__task_rq_unlock(rq);
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
} while_each_thread(g, p);

read_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
@@ -8463,10 +8499,12 @@ int sched_group_set_shares(struct task_group *tg, unsigned long shares)

se = tg->se[i];
/* Propagate contribution to hierarchy */
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
for_each_sched_entity(se)
update_cfs_shares(group_cfs_rq(se));
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

done:
diff --git a/kernel/sched_fair.c b/kernel/sched_fair.c
index 433491c..8a5131c 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -2209,6 +2209,7 @@ static int update_shares_cpu(struct task_group *tg, int cpu)
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[cpu];

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);

update_rq_clock(rq);
@@ -2221,6 +2222,7 @@ static int update_shares_cpu(struct task_group *tg, int cpu)
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);

raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

return 0;
}
@@ -3501,10 +3503,10 @@ static void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
/*
* Drop the rq->lock, but keep IRQ/preempt disabled.
*/
+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);

update_shares(this_cpu);
- rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
unsigned long interval;
int balance = 1;
@@ -3526,9 +3528,9 @@ static void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq)
break;
}
}
- rcu_read_unlock();

raw_spin_lock(&this_rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

if (pulled_task || time_after(jiffies, this_rq->next_balance)) {
/*
@@ -3553,6 +3555,7 @@ static int active_load_balance_cpu_stop(void *data)
struct rq *target_rq = cpu_rq(target_cpu);
struct sched_domain *sd;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irq(&busiest_rq->lock);

/* make sure the requested cpu hasn't gone down in the meantime */
@@ -3575,7 +3578,6 @@ static int active_load_balance_cpu_stop(void *data)
double_lock_balance(busiest_rq, target_rq);

/* Search for an sd spanning us and the target CPU. */
- rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(target_cpu, sd) {
if ((sd->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE) &&
cpumask_test_cpu(busiest_cpu, sched_domain_span(sd)))
@@ -3591,11 +3593,11 @@ static int active_load_balance_cpu_stop(void *data)
else
schedstat_inc(sd, alb_failed);
}
- rcu_read_unlock();
double_unlock_balance(busiest_rq, target_rq);
out_unlock:
busiest_rq->active_balance = 0;
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&busiest_rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return 0;
}

@@ -3982,10 +3984,12 @@ static void nohz_idle_balance(int this_cpu, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
break;
}

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irq(&this_rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(this_rq);
update_cpu_load(this_rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&this_rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

rebalance_domains(balance_cpu, CPU_IDLE);

@@ -4135,6 +4139,7 @@ static void task_fork_fair(struct task_struct *p)
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);

update_rq_clock(rq);
@@ -4163,6 +4168,7 @@ static void task_fork_fair(struct task_struct *p)
se->vruntime -= cfs_rq->min_vruntime;

raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index 10d0182..6e8a375 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -494,9 +494,11 @@ static void disable_runtime(struct rq *rq)
{
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
__disable_runtime(rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

static void __enable_runtime(struct rq *rq)
@@ -527,9 +529,11 @@ static void enable_runtime(struct rq *rq)
{
unsigned long flags;

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
__enable_runtime(rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

static int balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
@@ -565,6 +569,7 @@ static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun)
struct rt_rq *rt_rq = sched_rt_period_rt_rq(rt_b, i);
struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);

+ rcu_read_lock();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (rt_rq->rt_time) {
u64 runtime;
@@ -597,6 +602,7 @@ static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun)
if (enqueue)
sched_rt_rq_enqueue(rt_rq);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}

return idle;



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