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Subject[PATCH v4 13/18] KVM: MMU: introduce the rules to modify shadow page table
Introduce some interfaces to modify spte as linux kernel does:
- mmu_spte_clear_track_bits, it set the spte from present to nonpresent, and
track the stat bits(accessed/dirty) of spte
- mmu_spte_clear_no_track, the same as mmu_spte_clear_track_bits except
tracking the stat bits
- mmu_spte_set, set spte from nonpresent to present
- mmu_spte_update, only update the stat bits

Now, it does not allowed to set spte from present to present, later, we can
drop the atomicly opration for X86_32 host, and it is the preparing work to
get spte on X86_32 host out of the mmu lock

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@cn.fujitsu.com>
---
arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
1 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
index 1d4a2d9..982718f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
@@ -299,12 +299,30 @@ static bool spte_is_bit_cleared(u64 old_spte, u64 new_spte, u64 bit_mask)
return (old_spte & bit_mask) && !(new_spte & bit_mask);
}

-static void update_spte(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
+/* Rules for using mmu_spte_set:
+ * Set the sptep from nonpresent to present.
+ * Note: the sptep being assigned *must* be either not present
+ * or in a state where the hardware will not attempt to update
+ * the spte.
+ */
+static void mmu_spte_set(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
+{
+ WARN_ON(is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep));
+ __set_spte(sptep, new_spte);
+}
+
+/* Rules for using mmu_spte_update:
+ * Update the state bits, it means the mapped pfn is not changged.
+ */
+static void mmu_spte_update(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
{
u64 mask, old_spte = *sptep;

WARN_ON(!is_rmap_spte(new_spte));

+ if (!is_shadow_present_pte(old_spte))
+ return mmu_spte_set(sptep, new_spte);
+
new_spte |= old_spte & shadow_dirty_mask;

mask = shadow_accessed_mask;
@@ -325,6 +343,42 @@ static void update_spte(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
kvm_set_pfn_dirty(spte_to_pfn(old_spte));
}

+/*
+ * Rules for using mmu_spte_clear_track_bits:
+ * It sets the sptep from present to nonpresent, and track the
+ * state bits, it is used to clear the last level sptep.
+ */
+static int mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(u64 *sptep)
+{
+ pfn_t pfn;
+ u64 old_spte = *sptep;
+
+ if (!spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte))
+ __set_spte(sptep, 0ull);
+ else
+ old_spte = __xchg_spte(sptep, 0ull);
+
+ if (!is_rmap_spte(old_spte))
+ return 0;
+
+ pfn = spte_to_pfn(old_spte);
+ if (!shadow_accessed_mask || old_spte & shadow_accessed_mask)
+ kvm_set_pfn_accessed(pfn);
+ if (!shadow_dirty_mask || (old_spte & shadow_dirty_mask))
+ kvm_set_pfn_dirty(pfn);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Rules for using mmu_spte_clear_no_track:
+ * Directly clear spte without caring the state bits of sptep,
+ * it is used to set the upper level spte.
+ */
+static void mmu_spte_clear_no_track(u64 *sptep)
+{
+ __set_spte(sptep, 0ull);
+}
+
static int mmu_topup_memory_cache(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *cache,
struct kmem_cache *base_cache, int min)
{
@@ -746,30 +800,9 @@ static void rmap_remove(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *spte)
pte_list_remove(spte, rmapp);
}

-static int set_spte_track_bits(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
-{
- pfn_t pfn;
- u64 old_spte = *sptep;
-
- if (!spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte))
- __set_spte(sptep, new_spte);
- else
- old_spte = __xchg_spte(sptep, new_spte);
-
- if (!is_rmap_spte(old_spte))
- return 0;
-
- pfn = spte_to_pfn(old_spte);
- if (!shadow_accessed_mask || old_spte & shadow_accessed_mask)
- kvm_set_pfn_accessed(pfn);
- if (!shadow_dirty_mask || (old_spte & shadow_dirty_mask))
- kvm_set_pfn_dirty(pfn);
- return 1;
-}
-
static void drop_spte(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *sptep)
{
- if (set_spte_track_bits(sptep, 0ull))
+ if (mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(sptep))
rmap_remove(kvm, sptep);
}

@@ -787,7 +820,7 @@ static int rmap_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn)
BUG_ON(!(*spte & PT_PRESENT_MASK));
rmap_printk("rmap_write_protect: spte %p %llx\n", spte, *spte);
if (is_writable_pte(*spte)) {
- update_spte(spte, *spte & ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK);
+ mmu_spte_update(spte, *spte & ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK);
write_protected = 1;
}
spte = rmap_next(kvm, rmapp, spte);
@@ -856,7 +889,8 @@ static int kvm_set_pte_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long *rmapp,
new_spte &= ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
new_spte &= ~SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE;
new_spte &= ~shadow_accessed_mask;
- set_spte_track_bits(spte, new_spte);
+ mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(spte);
+ mmu_spte_set(spte, new_spte);
spte = rmap_next(kvm, rmapp, spte);
}
}
@@ -1077,7 +1111,7 @@ static void drop_parent_pte(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
u64 *parent_pte)
{
mmu_page_remove_parent_pte(sp, parent_pte);
- __set_spte(parent_pte, 0ull);
+ mmu_spte_clear_no_track(parent_pte);
}

static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_alloc_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
@@ -1525,7 +1559,7 @@ static void link_shadow_page(u64 *sptep, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
spte = __pa(sp->spt)
| PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_ACCESSED_MASK
| PT_WRITABLE_MASK | PT_USER_MASK;
- __set_spte(sptep, spte);
+ mmu_spte_set(sptep, spte);
}

static void drop_large_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep)
@@ -1992,7 +2026,7 @@ static int set_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
mark_page_dirty(vcpu->kvm, gfn);

set_pte:
- update_spte(sptep, spte);
+ mmu_spte_update(sptep, spte);
/*
* If we overwrite a writable spte with a read-only one we
* should flush remote TLBs. Otherwise rmap_write_protect
@@ -2198,11 +2232,11 @@ static int __direct_map(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t v, int write,
return -ENOMEM;
}

- __set_spte(iterator.sptep,
- __pa(sp->spt)
- | PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_WRITABLE_MASK
- | shadow_user_mask | shadow_x_mask
- | shadow_accessed_mask);
+ mmu_spte_set(iterator.sptep,
+ __pa(sp->spt)
+ | PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_WRITABLE_MASK
+ | shadow_user_mask | shadow_x_mask
+ | shadow_accessed_mask);
}
}
return emulate;
@@ -3439,7 +3473,8 @@ void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm, int slot)

/* avoid RMW */
if (is_writable_pte(pt[i]))
- update_spte(&pt[i], pt[i] & ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK);
+ mmu_spte_update(&pt[i],
+ pt[i] & ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK);
}
}
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
--
1.7.5.4


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