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Subject[PATCH] oprofile, x86: Fix nmi-unsafe callgraph support in, 2.6.27 and later
On 07.06.11 10:00:41, John Lumby wrote:
> But please do send your fix along and I'll give it a try. I now have
> capability for capturing un-syslog'd console messages such as these via
> serial console so if it happens again I should be able to provide more
> information.

See the fix below.

-Robert


From c73bebe2e281ae089499d7cbc3b44a0869c8daf8 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Robert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>
Date: Fri, 3 Jun 2011 16:37:47 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] oprofile, x86: Fix nmi-unsafe callgraph support

Current oprofile's x86 callgraph support may trigger page faults
throwing the BUG_ON(in_nmi()) message below. This patch fixes this by
using the same nmi-safe copy-from-user code as in perf.

------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at .../arch/x86/kernel/traps.c:436!
invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
last sysfs file: /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:0a.0/0000:07:00.0/0000:08:04.0/net/eth0/broadcast
CPU 5
Modules linked in:
Pid: 8611, comm: opcontrol Not tainted 2.6.39-00007-gfe47ae7 #1 Advanced Micro Device Anaheim/Anaheim
RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff813e8e35>] [<ffffffff813e8e35>] do_nmi+0x22/0x1ee
RSP: 0000:ffff88042fd47f28 EFLAGS: 00010002
RAX: ffff88042c0a7fd8 RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX: 00000000c0000101
RDX: 00000000ffff8804 RSI: ffffffffffffffff RDI: ffff88042fd47f58
RBP: ffff88042fd47f48 R08: 0000000000000004 R09: 0000000000001484
R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff88042fd47f58
R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff88042fd47d98 R15: 0000000000000020
FS: 00007fca25e56700(0000) GS:ffff88042fd40000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 0000000000000074 CR3: 000000042d28b000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Process opcontrol (pid: 8611, threadinfo ffff88042c0a6000, task ffff88042c532310)
Stack:
0000000000000000 0000000000000001 ffff88042c0a7fd8 0000000000000000
ffff88042fd47de8 ffffffff813e897a 0000000000000020 ffff88042fd47d98
0000000000000000 ffff88042c0a7fd8 ffff88042fd47de8 0000000000000074
Call Trace:
<NMI>
[<ffffffff813e897a>] nmi+0x1a/0x20
[<ffffffff813f08ab>] ? bad_to_user+0x25/0x771
<<EOE>>
Code: ff 59 5b 41 5c 41 5d c9 c3 55 65 48 8b 04 25 88 b5 00 00 48 89 e5 41 55 41 54 49 89 fc 53 48 83 ec 08 f6 80 47 e0 ff ff 04 74 04 <0f> 0b eb fe 81 80 44 e0 ff ff 00 00 01 04 65 ff 04 25 c4 0f 01
RIP [<ffffffff813e8e35>] do_nmi+0x22/0x1ee
RSP <ffff88042fd47f28>
---[ end trace ed6752185092104b ]---
Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt
Pid: 8611, comm: opcontrol Tainted: G D 2.6.39-00007-gfe47ae7 #1
Call Trace:
<NMI> [<ffffffff813e5e0a>] panic+0x8c/0x188
[<ffffffff813e915c>] oops_end+0x81/0x8e
[<ffffffff8100403d>] die+0x55/0x5e
[<ffffffff813e8c45>] do_trap+0x11c/0x12b
[<ffffffff810023c8>] do_invalid_op+0x91/0x9a
[<ffffffff813e8e35>] ? do_nmi+0x22/0x1ee
[<ffffffff8131e6fa>] ? oprofile_add_sample+0x83/0x95
[<ffffffff81321670>] ? op_amd_check_ctrs+0x4f/0x2cf
[<ffffffff813ee4d5>] invalid_op+0x15/0x20
[<ffffffff813e8e35>] ? do_nmi+0x22/0x1ee
[<ffffffff813e8e7a>] ? do_nmi+0x67/0x1ee
[<ffffffff813e897a>] nmi+0x1a/0x20
[<ffffffff813f08ab>] ? bad_to_user+0x25/0x771
<<EOE>>
Cc: John Lumby <johnlumby@hotmail.com>
Cc: Maynard Johnson <maynardj@us.ibm.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> # .37+
Signed-off-by: Robert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>
---
arch/x86/oprofile/backtrace.c | 56 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/oprofile/backtrace.c b/arch/x86/oprofile/backtrace.c
index 2d49d4e..88e856e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/oprofile/backtrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/oprofile/backtrace.c
@@ -11,10 +11,12 @@
#include <linux/oprofile.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
-#include <linux/compat.h>

static void backtrace_warning_symbol(void *data, char *msg,
unsigned long symbol)
@@ -49,17 +51,53 @@ static struct stacktrace_ops backtrace_ops = {
.walk_stack = print_context_stack,
};

+/* from arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c: */
+
+/*
+ * best effort, GUP based copy_from_user() that assumes IRQ or NMI context
+ */
+static unsigned long
+copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+ unsigned long offset, addr = (unsigned long)from;
+ unsigned long size, len = 0;
+ struct page *page;
+ void *map;
+ int ret;
+
+ do {
+ ret = __get_user_pages_fast(addr, 1, 0, &page);
+ if (!ret)
+ break;
+
+ offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1);
+ size = min(PAGE_SIZE - offset, n - len);
+
+ map = kmap_atomic(page);
+ memcpy(to, map+offset, size);
+ kunmap_atomic(map);
+ put_page(page);
+
+ len += size;
+ to += size;
+ addr += size;
+
+ } while (len < n);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static struct stack_frame_ia32 *
dump_user_backtrace_32(struct stack_frame_ia32 *head)
{
+ /* Also check accessibility of one struct frame_head beyond: */
struct stack_frame_ia32 bufhead[2];
struct stack_frame_ia32 *fp;
+ unsigned long bytes;

- /* Also check accessibility of one struct frame_head beyond */
- if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, head, sizeof(bufhead)))
- return NULL;
- if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(bufhead, head, sizeof(bufhead)))
+ bytes = copy_from_user_nmi(bufhead, head, sizeof(bufhead));
+ if (bytes != sizeof(bufhead))
return NULL;

fp = (struct stack_frame_ia32 *) compat_ptr(bufhead[0].next_frame);
@@ -100,12 +138,12 @@ x86_backtrace_32(struct pt_regs * const regs, unsigned int depth)

static struct stack_frame *dump_user_backtrace(struct stack_frame *head)
{
+ /* Also check accessibility of one struct frame_head beyond: */
struct stack_frame bufhead[2];
+ unsigned long bytes;

- /* Also check accessibility of one struct stack_frame beyond */
- if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, head, sizeof(bufhead)))
- return NULL;
- if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(bufhead, head, sizeof(bufhead)))
+ bytes = copy_from_user_nmi(bufhead, head, sizeof(bufhead));
+ if (bytes != sizeof(bufhead))
return NULL;

oprofile_add_trace(bufhead[0].return_address);
--
1.7.5.rc3


--
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Operating System Research Center



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