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    SubjectRe: [PATCH] USB: ehci: use packed, aligned(4) instead of removing the packed attribute
    On Mon, 20 Jun 2011, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:

    > On Mon, Jun 20, 2011 at 06:58:45PM +0200, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
    > > A recent change in gcc changed the default behaviour when compiling the
    > > ehci driver on ARM, but the behaviour was already nondeterministic
    > > because the definition of the readl/writel macros on ARM relies on
    > > unspecified behaviour (cast to pointer with larger aligment).
    > It's unspecified behaviour period. If you pass a pointer to readl/writel
    > which is not word aligned, what you get back is anyones guess.

    The pointer _is_ aligned. The problem is that it comes from the address
    of a structure member, which structure is marked __packed.

    Older GCC would see the cast to unsigned int applied to that pointer
    within the ARM's readl()/writel() implementation and ignore that the
    source of the address is marked __packed, which __packed implies an
    alignment of 1. REcent GCC versions would honnor the alignment of 1 and
    perform the unsigned int * access using byte sized loads/stores.


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