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SubjectRe: [patch 2/8] mm: memcg-aware global reclaim
From
2011/6/1 Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>:
> When a memcg hits its hard limit, hierarchical target reclaim is
> invoked, which goes through all contributing memcgs in the hierarchy
> below the offending memcg and reclaims from the respective per-memcg
> lru lists.  This distributes pressure fairly among all involved
> memcgs, and pages are aged with respect to their list buddies.
>
> When global memory pressure arises, however, all this is dropped
> overboard.  Pages are reclaimed based on global lru lists that have
> nothing to do with container-internal age, and some memcgs may be
> reclaimed from much more than others.
>
> This patch makes traditional global reclaim consider container
> boundaries and no longer scan the global lru lists.  For each zone
> scanned, the memcg hierarchy is walked and pages are reclaimed from
> the per-memcg lru lists of the respective zone.  For now, the
> hierarchy walk is bounded to one full round-trip through the
> hierarchy, or if the number of reclaimed pages reach the overall
> reclaim target, whichever comes first.
>
> Conceptually, global memory pressure is then treated as if the root
> memcg had hit its limit.  Since all existing memcgs contribute to the
> usage of the root memcg, global reclaim is nothing more than target
> reclaim starting from the root memcg.  The code is mostly the same for
> both cases, except for a few heuristics and statistics that do not
> always apply.  They are distinguished by a newly introduced
> global_reclaim() primitive.
>
> One implication of this change is that pages have to be linked to the
> lru lists of the root memcg again, which could be optimized away with
> the old scheme.  The costs are not measurable, though, even with
> worst-case microbenchmarks.
>
> As global reclaim no longer relies on global lru lists, this change is
> also in preparation to remove those completely.
>
> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> ---
>  include/linux/memcontrol.h |   15 ++++
>  mm/memcontrol.c            |  176 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
>  mm/vmscan.c                |  121 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  3 files changed, 218 insertions(+), 94 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> index 5e9840f5..332b0a6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -101,6 +101,10 @@ mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page,
>  extern void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
>        struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage, bool migration_ok);
>
> +struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *,
> +                                            struct mem_cgroup *);
> +void mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *);
> +
>  /*
>  * For memory reclaim.
>  */
> @@ -321,6 +325,17 @@ mem_cgroup_get_reclaim_stat_from_page(struct page *page)
>        return NULL;
>  }
>
> +static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *r,
> +                                                          struct mem_cgroup *m)
> +{
> +       return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *r,
> +                                                 struct mem_cgroup *m)
> +{
> +}
> +
>  static inline void
>  mem_cgroup_print_oom_info(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct task_struct *p)
>  {
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index bf5ab87..850176e 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -313,8 +313,8 @@ static bool move_file(void)
>  }
>
>  /*
> - * Maximum loops in mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(), used for soft
> - * limit reclaim to prevent infinite loops, if they ever occur.
> + * Maximum loops in reclaim, used for soft limit reclaim to prevent
> + * infinite loops, if they ever occur.
>  */
>  #define        MEM_CGROUP_MAX_RECLAIM_LOOPS            (100)
>  #define        MEM_CGROUP_MAX_SOFT_LIMIT_RECLAIM_LOOPS (2)
> @@ -340,7 +340,7 @@ enum charge_type {
>  #define OOM_CONTROL            (0)
>
>  /*
> - * Reclaim flags for mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim
> + * Reclaim flags
>  */
>  #define MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP_BIT  0x0
>  #define MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP      (1 << MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP_BIT)
> @@ -846,8 +846,6 @@ void mem_cgroup_del_lru_list(struct page *page, enum lru_list lru)
>        mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc->mem_cgroup, page);
>        /* huge page split is done under lru_lock. so, we have no races. */
>        MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) -= 1 << compound_order(page);
> -       if (mem_cgroup_is_root(pc->mem_cgroup))
> -               return;
>        VM_BUG_ON(list_empty(&pc->lru));
>        list_del_init(&pc->lru);
>  }
> @@ -872,13 +870,11 @@ void mem_cgroup_rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page)
>                return;
>
>        pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
> -       /* unused or root page is not rotated. */
> +       /* unused page is not rotated. */
>        if (!PageCgroupUsed(pc))
>                return;
>        /* Ensure pc->mem_cgroup is visible after reading PCG_USED. */
>        smp_rmb();
> -       if (mem_cgroup_is_root(pc->mem_cgroup))
> -               return;
>        mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc->mem_cgroup, page);
>        list_move_tail(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
>  }
> @@ -892,13 +888,11 @@ void mem_cgroup_rotate_lru_list(struct page *page, enum lru_list lru)
>                return;
>
>        pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
> -       /* unused or root page is not rotated. */
> +       /* unused page is not rotated. */
>        if (!PageCgroupUsed(pc))
>                return;
>        /* Ensure pc->mem_cgroup is visible after reading PCG_USED. */
>        smp_rmb();
> -       if (mem_cgroup_is_root(pc->mem_cgroup))
> -               return;
>        mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc->mem_cgroup, page);
>        list_move(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
>  }
> @@ -920,8 +914,6 @@ void mem_cgroup_add_lru_list(struct page *page, enum lru_list lru)
>        /* huge page split is done under lru_lock. so, we have no races. */
>        MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) += 1 << compound_order(page);
>        SetPageCgroupAcctLRU(pc);
> -       if (mem_cgroup_is_root(pc->mem_cgroup))
> -               return;
>        list_add(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
>  }
>
> @@ -1381,6 +1373,97 @@ u64 mem_cgroup_get_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
>        return min(limit, memsw);
>  }
>
> +/**
> + * mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk - iterate over a memcg hierarchy
> + * @root: starting point of the hierarchy
> + * @prev: previous position or NULL
> + *
> + * Caller must hold a reference to @root.  While this function will
> + * return @root as part of the walk, it will never increase its
> + * reference count.
> + *
> + * Caller must clean up with mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk() when it
> + * stops the walk potentially before the full round trip.
> + */
> +struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *root,
> +                                            struct mem_cgroup *prev)
> +{
> +       struct mem_cgroup *mem;
> +
> +       if (mem_cgroup_disabled())
> +               return NULL;
> +
> +       if (!root)
> +               root = root_mem_cgroup;
> +       /*
> +        * Even without hierarchy explicitely enabled in the root
> +        * memcg, it is the ultimate parent of all memcgs.
> +        */
> +       if (!(root == root_mem_cgroup || root->use_hierarchy))
> +               return root;

Hmm, because ROOT cgroup has no limit and control, if root=root_mem_cgroup,
we do full hierarchy scan always. Right ?


> +       if (prev && prev != root)
> +               css_put(&prev->css);
> +       do {
> +               int id = root->last_scanned_child;
> +               struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
> +
> +               rcu_read_lock();
> +               css = css_get_next(&mem_cgroup_subsys, id + 1, &root->css, &id);
> +               if (css && (css == &root->css || css_tryget(css)))
> +                       mem = container_of(css, struct mem_cgroup, css);
> +               rcu_read_unlock();
> +               if (!css)
> +                       id = 0;
> +               root->last_scanned_child = id;
> +       } while (!mem);
> +       return mem;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk - clean up after partial hierarchy walk
> + * @root: starting point in the hierarchy
> + * @mem: last position during the walk
> + */
> +void mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk(struct mem_cgroup *root,
> +                                   struct mem_cgroup *mem)
> +{
> +       if (mem && mem != root)
> +               css_put(&mem->css);
> +}

Recently I wonder it's better to cgroup_exclude_rmdir() and
cgroup_release_and_wakeup_rmdir() for this hierarchy scan...hm.


> +
> +static unsigned long mem_cgroup_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +                                       gfp_t gfp_mask,
> +                                       unsigned long flags)
> +{
> +       unsigned long total = 0;
> +       bool noswap = false;
> +       int loop;
> +
> +       if ((flags & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP) || mem->memsw_is_minimum)
> +               noswap = true;
> +       for (loop = 0; loop < MEM_CGROUP_MAX_RECLAIM_LOOPS; loop++) {
> +               drain_all_stock_async();

In recent patch, I removed this call here because this wakes up
kworker too much.
I will post that patch as a bugfix. So, please adjust this call
somewhere which is
not called frequently.


> +               total += try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, gfp_mask, noswap,
> +                                                     get_swappiness(mem));
> +               /*
> +                * Avoid freeing too much when shrinking to resize the
> +                * limit.  XXX: Shouldn't the margin check be enough?
> +                */
> +               if (total && (flags & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK))
> +                       break;
> +               if (mem_cgroup_margin(mem))
> +                       break;
> +               /*
> +                * If we have not been able to reclaim anything after
> +                * two reclaim attempts, there may be no reclaimable
> +                * pages in this hierarchy.
> +                */
> +               if (loop && !total)
> +                       break;
> +       }
> +       return total;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>  * Visit the first child (need not be the first child as per the ordering
>  * of the cgroup list, since we track last_scanned_child) of @mem and use
> @@ -1418,29 +1501,14 @@ mem_cgroup_select_victim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem)
>        return ret;
>  }
>
> -/*
> - * Scan the hierarchy if needed to reclaim memory. We remember the last child
> - * we reclaimed from, so that we don't end up penalizing one child extensively
> - * based on its position in the children list.
> - *
> - * root_mem is the original ancestor that we've been reclaim from.
> - *
> - * We give up and return to the caller when we visit root_mem twice.
> - * (other groups can be removed while we're walking....)
> - *
> - * If shrink==true, for avoiding to free too much, this returns immedieately.
> - */
> -static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
> -                                               struct zone *zone,
> -                                               gfp_t gfp_mask,
> -                                               unsigned long reclaim_options)
> +static int mem_cgroup_soft_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
> +                                  struct zone *zone,
> +                                  gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
>        struct mem_cgroup *victim;
>        int ret, total = 0;
>        int loop = 0;
> -       bool noswap = reclaim_options & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP;
> -       bool shrink = reclaim_options & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK;
> -       bool check_soft = reclaim_options & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SOFT;
> +       bool noswap = false;
>        unsigned long excess;
>
>        excess = res_counter_soft_limit_excess(&root_mem->res) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> @@ -1461,7 +1529,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
>                                 * anything, it might because there are
>                                 * no reclaimable pages under this hierarchy
>                                 */
> -                               if (!check_soft || !total) {
> +                               if (!total) {
>                                        css_put(&victim->css);
>                                        break;
>                                }
> @@ -1483,26 +1551,11 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
>                        css_put(&victim->css);
>                        continue;
>                }
> -               /* we use swappiness of local cgroup */
> -               if (check_soft)
> -                       ret = mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(victim, gfp_mask,
> -                               noswap, get_swappiness(victim), zone);
> -               else
> -                       ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(victim, gfp_mask,
> -                                               noswap, get_swappiness(victim));
> +               ret = mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(victim, gfp_mask, noswap,
> +                                                 get_swappiness(victim), zone);
>                css_put(&victim->css);
> -               /*
> -                * At shrinking usage, we can't check we should stop here or
> -                * reclaim more. It's depends on callers. last_scanned_child
> -                * will work enough for keeping fairness under tree.
> -                */
> -               if (shrink)
> -                       return ret;
>                total += ret;
> -               if (check_soft) {
> -                       if (!res_counter_soft_limit_excess(&root_mem->res))
> -                               return total;
> -               } else if (mem_cgroup_margin(root_mem))
> +               if (!res_counter_soft_limit_excess(&root_mem->res))
>                        return total;
>        }
>        return total;
> @@ -1927,8 +1980,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_do_charge(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask,
>        if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT))
>                return CHARGE_WOULDBLOCK;
>
> -       ret = mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(mem_over_limit, NULL,
> -                                             gfp_mask, flags);
> +       ret = mem_cgroup_reclaim(mem_over_limit, gfp_mask, flags);
>        if (mem_cgroup_margin(mem_over_limit) >= nr_pages)
>                return CHARGE_RETRY;
>        /*

It seems this clean-up around hierarchy and softlimit can be in an
independent patch, no ?


> @@ -3085,7 +3137,7 @@ void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
>
>  /*
>  * A call to try to shrink memory usage on charge failure at shmem's swapin.
> - * Calling hierarchical_reclaim is not enough because we should update
> + * Calling reclaim is not enough because we should update
>  * last_oom_jiffies to prevent pagefault_out_of_memory from invoking global OOM.
>  * Moreover considering hierarchy, we should reclaim from the mem_over_limit,
>  * not from the memcg which this page would be charged to.
> @@ -3167,7 +3219,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_resize_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>        int enlarge;
>
>        /*
> -        * For keeping hierarchical_reclaim simple, how long we should retry
> +        * For keeping reclaim simple, how long we should retry
>         * is depends on callers. We set our retry-count to be function
>         * of # of children which we should visit in this loop.
>         */
> @@ -3210,8 +3262,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_resize_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>                if (!ret)
>                        break;
>
> -               mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(memcg, NULL, GFP_KERNEL,
> -                                               MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK);
> +               mem_cgroup_reclaim(memcg, GFP_KERNEL,
> +                                  MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK);
>                curusage = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->res, RES_USAGE);
>                /* Usage is reduced ? */
>                if (curusage >= oldusage)
> @@ -3269,9 +3321,9 @@ static int mem_cgroup_resize_memsw_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>                if (!ret)
>                        break;
>
> -               mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(memcg, NULL, GFP_KERNEL,
> -                                               MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP |
> -                                               MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK);
> +               mem_cgroup_reclaim(memcg, GFP_KERNEL,
> +                                  MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_NOSWAP |
> +                                  MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK);
>                curusage = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, RES_USAGE);
>                /* Usage is reduced ? */
>                if (curusage >= oldusage)
> @@ -3311,9 +3363,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(struct zone *zone, int order,
>                if (!mz)
>                        break;
>
> -               reclaimed = mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(mz->mem, zone,
> -                                               gfp_mask,
> -                                               MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SOFT);
> +               reclaimed = mem_cgroup_soft_reclaim(mz->mem, zone, gfp_mask);
>                nr_reclaimed += reclaimed;
>                spin_lock(&mctz->lock);
>
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index 8bfd450..7e9bfca 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -104,7 +104,16 @@ struct scan_control {
>         */
>        reclaim_mode_t reclaim_mode;
>
> -       /* Which cgroup do we reclaim from */
> +       /*
> +        * The memory cgroup that hit its hard limit and is the
> +        * primary target of this reclaim invocation.
> +        */
> +       struct mem_cgroup *target_mem_cgroup;
> +
> +       /*
> +        * The memory cgroup that is currently being scanned as a
> +        * child and contributor to the usage of target_mem_cgroup.
> +        */
>        struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup;
>
>        /*
> @@ -154,9 +163,36 @@ static LIST_HEAD(shrinker_list);
>  static DECLARE_RWSEM(shrinker_rwsem);
>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
> -#define scanning_global_lru(sc)        (!(sc)->mem_cgroup)
> +/**
> + * global_reclaim - whether reclaim is global or due to memcg hard limit
> + * @sc: scan control of this reclaim invocation
> + */
> +static bool global_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
> +{
> +       return !sc->target_mem_cgroup;
> +}
> +/**
> + * scanning_global_lru - whether scanning global lrus or per-memcg lrus
> + * @sc: scan control of this reclaim invocation
> + */
> +static bool scanning_global_lru(struct scan_control *sc)
> +{
> +       /*
> +        * Unless memory cgroups are disabled on boot, the traditional
> +        * global lru lists are never scanned and reclaim will always
> +        * operate on the per-memcg lru lists.
> +        */
> +       return mem_cgroup_disabled();
> +}
>  #else
> -#define scanning_global_lru(sc)        (1)
> +static bool global_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc)
> +{
> +       return true;
> +}
> +static bool scanning_global_lru(struct scan_control *sc)
> +{
> +       return true;
> +}
>  #endif
>
>  static struct zone_reclaim_stat *get_reclaim_stat(struct zone *zone,
> @@ -1228,7 +1264,7 @@ static int too_many_isolated(struct zone *zone, int file,
>        if (current_is_kswapd())
>                return 0;
>
> -       if (!scanning_global_lru(sc))
> +       if (!global_reclaim(sc))
>                return 0;
>
>        if (file) {
> @@ -1397,13 +1433,6 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct zone *zone,
>                        sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM ?
>                                        ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE,
>                        zone, 0, file);
> -               zone->pages_scanned += nr_scanned;
> -               if (current_is_kswapd())
> -                       __count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_KSWAPD, zone,
> -                                              nr_scanned);
> -               else
> -                       __count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_DIRECT, zone,
> -                                              nr_scanned);
>        } else {
>                nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_to_scan,
>                        &page_list, &nr_scanned, sc->order,
> @@ -1411,10 +1440,16 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct zone *zone,
>                                        ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE,
>                        zone, sc->mem_cgroup,
>                        0, file);
> -               /*
> -                * mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
> -                * scanned pages on its own.
> -                */
> +       }
> +
> +       if (global_reclaim(sc)) {
> +               zone->pages_scanned += nr_scanned;
> +               if (current_is_kswapd())
> +                       __count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_KSWAPD, zone,
> +                                              nr_scanned);
> +               else
> +                       __count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_DIRECT, zone,
> +                                              nr_scanned);
>        }
>
>        if (nr_taken == 0) {
> @@ -1520,18 +1555,16 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
>                                                &pgscanned, sc->order,
>                                                ISOLATE_ACTIVE, zone,
>                                                1, file);
> -               zone->pages_scanned += pgscanned;
>        } else {
>                nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_pages, &l_hold,
>                                                &pgscanned, sc->order,
>                                                ISOLATE_ACTIVE, zone,
>                                                sc->mem_cgroup, 1, file);
> -               /*
> -                * mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
> -                * scanned pages on its own.
> -                */
>        }
>
> +       if (global_reclaim(sc))
> +               zone->pages_scanned += pgscanned;
> +
>        reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[file] += nr_taken;
>
>        __count_zone_vm_events(PGREFILL, zone, pgscanned);
> @@ -1752,7 +1785,7 @@ static void get_scan_count(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc,
>        file  = zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE) +
>                zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE);
>
> -       if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
> +       if (global_reclaim(sc)) {
>                free  = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES);
>                /* If we have very few page cache pages,
>                   force-scan anon pages. */
> @@ -1889,8 +1922,8 @@ static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct zone *zone,
>  /*
>  * This is a basic per-zone page freer.  Used by both kswapd and direct reclaim.
>  */
> -static void shrink_zone(int priority, struct zone *zone,
> -                               struct scan_control *sc)
> +static void do_shrink_zone(int priority, struct zone *zone,
> +                          struct scan_control *sc)
>  {
>        unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS];
>        unsigned long nr_to_scan;
> @@ -1943,6 +1976,31 @@ restart:
>        throttle_vm_writeout(sc->gfp_mask);
>  }
>
> +static void shrink_zone(int priority, struct zone *zone,
> +                       struct scan_control *sc)
> +{
> +       unsigned long nr_reclaimed_before = sc->nr_reclaimed;
> +       struct mem_cgroup *root = sc->target_mem_cgroup;
> +       struct mem_cgroup *first, *mem = NULL;
> +
> +       first = mem = mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk(root, mem);

Hmm, I think we should add some scheduling here, later.
(as select a group over softlimit or select a group which has
easily reclaimable pages on this zone.)

This name as hierarchy_walk() sounds like "full scan in round-robin, always".
Could you find better name ?

> +       for (;;) {
> +               unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
> +
> +               sc->mem_cgroup = mem;
> +               do_shrink_zone(priority, zone, sc);
> +
> +               nr_reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed_before;
> +               if (nr_reclaimed >= sc->nr_to_reclaim)
> +                       break;

what this calculation means ? Shouldn't we do this quit based on the
number of "scan"
rather than "reclaimed" ?

> +
> +               mem = mem_cgroup_hierarchy_walk(root, mem);
> +               if (mem == first)
> +                       break;

Why we quit loop ?

> +       }
> +       mem_cgroup_stop_hierarchy_walk(root, mem);
> +}



Thanks,
-Kame
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