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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/7] memcg: add memory.scan_stat
From
On Wed, Jun 15, 2011 at 8:53 PM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
<kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> From e08990dd9ada13cf236bec1ef44b207436434b8e Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> Date: Wed, 15 Jun 2011 14:11:01 +0900
> Subject: [PATCH 3/7] memcg: add memory.scan_stat
>
> commit log of commit 0ae5e89 " memcg: count the soft_limit reclaim in..."
> says it adds scanning stats to memory.stat file. But it doesn't because
> we considered we needed to make a concensus for such new APIs.
>
> This patch is a trial to add memory.scan_stat. This shows
>  - the number of scanned pages
>  - the number of recleimed pages
>  - the number of elaplsed time (including sleep/pause time)
>  for both of direct/soft reclaim and shrinking caused by changing limit
>  or force_empty.
>
> The biggest difference with oringinal Ying's one is that this file
> can be reset by some write, as
>
>  # echo 0 ...../memory.scan_stat
>
> [kamezawa@bluextal ~]$ cat /cgroup/memory/A/memory.scan_stat
> scanned_pages_by_limit 358470
> freed_pages_by_limit 180795
> elapsed_ns_by_limit 21629927
> scanned_pages_by_system 0
> freed_pages_by_system 0
> elapsed_ns_by_system 0
> scanned_pages_by_shrink 76646
> freed_pages_by_shrink 38355
> elappsed_ns_by_shrink 31990670
> total_scanned_pages_by_limit 358470
> total_freed_pages_by_limit 180795
> total_elapsed_ns_by_hierarchical 216299275
> total_scanned_pages_by_system 0
> total_freed_pages_by_system 0
> total_elapsed_ns_by_system 0
> total_scanned_pages_by_shrink 76646
> total_freed_pages_by_shrink 38355
> total_elapsed_ns_by_shrink 31990670
>
> total_xxxx is for hierarchy management.
>
> This will be useful for further memcg developments and need to be
> developped before we do some complicated rework on LRU/softlimit
> management.

Agreed. Actually we are also looking into adding a per-memcg API for
adding visibility of
page reclaim path. It would be helpful for us to settle w/ the API first.

I am not a fan of names, but how about
"/dev/cgroup/memory/memory.reclaim_stat" ?

>
> Now, scan/free/elapsed_by_system is incomplete but future works of
> Johannes at el. will fill remaining information and then, we can
> look into problems of isolation between memcgs.
>
> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt |   33 +++++++++
>  include/linux/memcontrol.h       |   16 ++++
>  include/linux/swap.h             |    6 -
>  mm/memcontrol.c                  |  135 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  mm/vmscan.c                      |   27 ++++++-
>  5 files changed, 199 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> Index: mmotm-0615/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-0615.orig/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> +++ mmotm-0615/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
> @@ -380,7 +380,7 @@ will be charged as a new owner of it.
>
>  5.2 stat file
>
> -memory.stat file includes following statistics
> +5.2.1 memory.stat file includes following statistics
>
>  # per-memory cgroup local status
>  cache          - # of bytes of page cache memory.
> @@ -438,6 +438,37 @@ Note:
>         file_mapped is accounted only when the memory cgroup is owner of page
>         cache.)
>
> +5.2.2 memory.scan_stat
> +
> +memory.scan_stat includes statistics information for memory scanning and
> +freeing, reclaiming. The statistics shows memory scanning information since
> +memory cgroup creation and can be reset to 0 by writing 0 as
> +
> + #echo 0 > ../memory.scan_stat
> +
> +This file contains following statistics.
> +
> +scanned_pages_by_limit - # of scanned pages at hitting limit.
> +freed_pages_by_limit   - # of freed pages at hitting limit.

How those stats different from Johannes's patch? I feel we should keep
them into this API instead of memory.stat
"pgscan_direct_limit"
"pgreclaim_direct_limit"

> +elapsed_ns_by_limit    - nano sec of elappsed time at LRU scan at
> +                                  hitting limit.(this includes sleep time.)


> +
> +scanned_pages_by_system        - # of scanned pages by the kernel.
> +                         (Now, this value means global memory reclaim
> +                           caused by system memory shortage with a hint
> +                          of softlimit. "No soft limit" case will be
> +                          supported in future.)
> +freed_pages_by_system  - # of freed pages by the kernel.

The same for the following which I assume the same meaning with:
"pgscan_direct_hierarchy"
"pgreclaim_direct_hierarchy"

> +elapsed_ns_by_system   - nano sec of elappsed time by kernel.
> +
> +scanned_pages_by_shrink        - # of scanned pages by shrinking.
> +                                 (i.e. changes of limit, force_empty, etc.)
> +freed_pages_by_shrink  - # of freed pages by shirkining.

So those stats are not included in the ones above?

--Ying

> +elappsed_ns_by_shrink  - nano sec of elappsed time at shrinking.
> +
> +total_xxx includes the statistics of children scanning caused by the cgroup.
> +
> +
>  5.3 swappiness
>
>  Similar to /proc/sys/vm/swappiness, but affecting a hierarchy of groups only.
> Index: mmotm-0615/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-0615.orig/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ mmotm-0615/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -120,6 +120,22 @@ struct zone_reclaim_stat*
>  mem_cgroup_get_reclaim_stat_from_page(struct page *page);
>  extern void mem_cgroup_print_oom_info(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>                                        struct task_struct *p);
> +struct memcg_scanrecord {
> +       struct mem_cgroup *mem; /* scanend memory cgroup */
> +       struct mem_cgroup *root; /* scan target hierarchy root */
> +       int context;            /* scanning context (see memcontrol.c) */
> +       unsigned long nr_scanned; /* the number of scanned pages */
> +       unsigned long nr_freed; /* the number of freed pages */
> +       unsigned long elappsed; /* nsec of time elapsed while scanning */
> +};
> +
> +extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +                                                 gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
> +                                                 struct memcg_scanrecord *rec);
> +extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +                                               gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
> +                                               struct zone *zone,
> +                                               struct memcg_scanrecord *rec);
>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP
>  extern int do_swap_account;
> Index: mmotm-0615/include/linux/swap.h
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-0615.orig/include/linux/swap.h
> +++ mmotm-0615/include/linux/swap.h
> @@ -253,12 +253,6 @@ static inline void lru_cache_add_file(st
>  /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */
>  extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
>                                        gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask);
> -extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> -                                                 gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap);
> -extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> -                                               gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
> -                                               struct zone *zone,
> -                                               unsigned long *nr_scanned);
>  extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, int mode, int file);
>  extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages);
>  extern int vm_swappiness;
> Index: mmotm-0615/mm/memcontrol.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-0615.orig/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ mmotm-0615/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -203,6 +203,57 @@ struct mem_cgroup_eventfd_list {
>  static void mem_cgroup_threshold(struct mem_cgroup *mem);
>  static void mem_cgroup_oom_notify(struct mem_cgroup *mem);
>
> +enum {
> +       SCAN_BY_LIMIT,
> +       FREED_BY_LIMIT,
> +       ELAPSED_BY_LIMIT,
> +
> +       SCAN_BY_SYSTEM,
> +       FREED_BY_SYSTEM,
> +       ELAPSED_BY_SYSTEM,
> +
> +       SCAN_BY_SHRINK,
> +       FREED_BY_SHRINK,
> +       ELAPSED_BY_SHRINK,
> +       NR_SCANSTATS,
> +};
> +#define __FREED                (1)
> +#define        __ELAPSED       (2)
> +
> +struct scanstat {
> +       spinlock_t      lock;
> +       unsigned long   stats[NR_SCANSTATS];    /* local statistics */
> +       unsigned long   totalstats[NR_SCANSTATS];   /* hierarchical */
> +};
> +
> +const char *scanstat_string[NR_SCANSTATS] = {
> +       "scanned_pages_by_limit",
> +       "freed_pages_by_limit",
> +       "elapsed_ns_by_limit",
> +
> +       "scanned_pages_by_system",
> +       "freed_pages_by_system",
> +       "elapsed_ns_by_system",
> +
> +       "scanned_pages_by_shrink",
> +       "freed_pages_by_shrink",
> +       "elappsed_ns_by_shrink",
> +};
> +
> +const char *total_scanstat_string[NR_SCANSTATS] = {
> +       "total_scanned_pages_by_limit",
> +       "total_freed_pages_by_limit",
> +       "total_elapsed_ns_by_hierarchical",
> +
> +       "total_scanned_pages_by_system",
> +       "total_freed_pages_by_system",
> +       "total_elapsed_ns_by_system",
> +
> +       "total_scanned_pages_by_shrink",
> +       "total_freed_pages_by_shrink",
> +       "total_elapsed_ns_by_shrink",
> +};
> +
>  /*
>  * The memory controller data structure. The memory controller controls both
>  * page cache and RSS per cgroup. We would eventually like to provide
> @@ -264,7 +315,8 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
>
>        /* For oom notifier event fd */
>        struct list_head oom_notify;
> -
> +       /* For recording LRU-scan statistics */
> +       struct scanstat scanstat;
>        /*
>         * Should we move charges of a task when a task is moved into this
>         * mem_cgroup ? And what type of charges should we move ?
> @@ -1634,6 +1686,28 @@ int mem_cgroup_select_victim_node(struct
>  }
>  #endif
>
> +
> +
> +static void mem_cgroup_record_scanstat(struct memcg_scanrecord *rec)
> +{
> +       struct mem_cgroup *mem;
> +       int context = rec->context;
> +
> +       mem = rec->mem;
> +       spin_lock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +       mem->scanstat.stats[context] += rec->nr_scanned;
> +       mem->scanstat.stats[context + __FREED] += rec->nr_freed;
> +       mem->scanstat.stats[context + __ELAPSED] += rec->elappsed;
> +       spin_unlock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +
> +       mem = rec->root;
> +       spin_lock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +       mem->scanstat.totalstats[context] += rec->nr_scanned;
> +       mem->scanstat.totalstats[context + __FREED] += rec->nr_freed;
> +       mem->scanstat.totalstats[context + __ELAPSED] += rec->elappsed;
> +       spin_unlock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>  * Scan the hierarchy if needed to reclaim memory. We remember the last child
>  * we reclaimed from, so that we don't end up penalizing one child extensively
> @@ -1659,8 +1733,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_recla
>        bool shrink = reclaim_options & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SHRINK;
>        bool check_soft = reclaim_options & MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_SOFT;
>        unsigned long excess;
> -       unsigned long nr_scanned;
>        int visit;
> +       struct memcg_scanrecord rec;
>
>        excess = res_counter_soft_limit_excess(&root_mem->res) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>
> @@ -1668,6 +1742,15 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_recla
>        if (!check_soft && root_mem->memsw_is_minimum)
>                noswap = true;
>
> +       if (shrink)
> +               rec.context = SCAN_BY_SHRINK;
> +       else if (check_soft)
> +               rec.context = SCAN_BY_SYSTEM;
> +       else
> +               rec.context = SCAN_BY_LIMIT;
> +
> +       rec.root = root_mem;
> +
>  again:
>        if (!shrink) {
>                visit = 0;
> @@ -1695,14 +1778,19 @@ again:
>                        css_put(&victim->css);
>                        continue;
>                }
> +               rec.mem = victim;
> +               rec.nr_scanned = 0;
> +               rec.nr_freed = 0;
> +               rec.elappsed = 0;
>                /* we use swappiness of local cgroup */
>                if (check_soft) {
>                        ret = mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(victim, gfp_mask,
> -                               noswap, zone, &nr_scanned);
> -                       *total_scanned += nr_scanned;
> +                               noswap, zone, &rec);
> +                       *total_scanned += rec.nr_scanned;
>                } else
>                        ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(victim, gfp_mask,
> -                                               noswap);
> +                                               noswap, &rec);
> +               mem_cgroup_record_scanstat(&rec);
>                css_put(&victim->css);
>
>                total += ret;
> @@ -3757,7 +3845,8 @@ try_to_free:
>                        ret = -EINTR;
>                        goto out;
>                }
> -               progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, GFP_KERNEL, false);
> +               progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem,
> +                               GFP_KERNEL, false, NULL);
>                if (!progress) {
>                        nr_retries--;
>                        /* maybe some writeback is necessary */
> @@ -4599,6 +4688,34 @@ static int mem_control_numa_stat_open(st
>  }
>  #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */
>
> +static int mem_cgroup_scan_stat_read(struct cgroup *cgrp,
> +                               struct cftype *cft,
> +                               struct cgroup_map_cb *cb)
> +{
> +       struct mem_cgroup *mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgrp);
> +       int i;
> +
> +       for (i = 0; i < NR_SCANSTATS; i++)
> +               cb->fill(cb, scanstat_string[i], mem->scanstat.stats[i]);
> +       for (i = 0; i < NR_SCANSTATS; i++)
> +               cb->fill(cb, total_scanstat_string[i],
> +                       mem->scanstat.totalstats[i]);
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int mem_cgroup_reset_scan_stat(struct cgroup *cgrp,
> +                               unsigned int event)
> +{
> +       struct mem_cgroup *mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgrp);
> +
> +       spin_lock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +       memset(&mem->scanstat.stats, 0, sizeof(mem->scanstat.stats));
> +       memset(&mem->scanstat.totalstats, 0, sizeof(mem->scanstat.totalstats));
> +       spin_unlock(&mem->scanstat.lock);
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +
>  static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
>        {
>                .name = "usage_in_bytes",
> @@ -4669,6 +4786,11 @@ static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[]
>                .mode = S_IRUGO,
>        },
>  #endif
> +       {
> +               .name = "scan_stat",
> +               .read_map = mem_cgroup_scan_stat_read,
> +               .trigger = mem_cgroup_reset_scan_stat,
> +       },
>  };
>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP
> @@ -4932,6 +5054,7 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *
>        atomic_set(&mem->refcnt, 1);
>        mem->move_charge_at_immigrate = 0;
>        mutex_init(&mem->thresholds_lock);
> +       spin_lock_init(&mem->scanstat.lock);
>        return &mem->css;
>  free_out:
>        __mem_cgroup_free(mem);
> Index: mmotm-0615/mm/vmscan.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-0615.orig/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ mmotm-0615/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -2199,9 +2199,9 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct z
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
>
>  unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> -                                               gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
> -                                               struct zone *zone,
> -                                               unsigned long *nr_scanned)
> +                                       gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
> +                                       struct zone *zone,
> +                                       struct memcg_scanrecord *rec)
>  {
>        struct scan_control sc = {
>                .nr_scanned = 0,
> @@ -2213,6 +2213,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zon
>                .order = 0,
>                .mem_cgroup = mem,
>        };
> +       unsigned long start, end;
>
>        sc.gfp_mask = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) |
>                        (GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE & ~GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
> @@ -2221,6 +2222,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zon
>                                                      sc.may_writepage,
>                                                      sc.gfp_mask);
>
> +       start = sched_clock();
>        /*
>         * NOTE: Although we can get the priority field, using it
>         * here is not a good idea, since it limits the pages we can scan.
> @@ -2229,19 +2231,27 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zon
>         * the priority and make it zero.
>         */
>        shrink_zone(0, zone, &sc);
> +       end = sched_clock();
> +
> +       if (rec) {
> +               rec->nr_scanned += sc.nr_scanned;
> +               rec->nr_freed += sc.nr_reclaimed;
> +               rec->elappsed += end - start;
> +       }
>
>        trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end(sc.nr_reclaimed);
>
> -       *nr_scanned = sc.nr_scanned;
>        return sc.nr_reclaimed;
>  }
>
>  unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
>                                           gfp_t gfp_mask,
> -                                          bool noswap)
> +                                          bool noswap,
> +                                          struct memcg_scanrecord *rec)
>  {
>        struct zonelist *zonelist;
>        unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
> +       unsigned long start, end;
>        int nid;
>        struct scan_control sc = {
>                .may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
> @@ -2259,6 +2269,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pag
>                .gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
>        };
>
> +       start = sched_clock();
>        /*
>         * Unlike direct reclaim via alloc_pages(), memcg's reclaim doesn't
>         * take care of from where we get pages. So the node where we start the
> @@ -2273,6 +2284,12 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pag
>                                            sc.gfp_mask);
>
>        nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc, &shrink);
> +       end = sched_clock();
> +       if (rec) {
> +               rec->nr_scanned += sc.nr_scanned;
> +               rec->nr_freed += sc.nr_reclaimed;
> +               rec->elappsed += end - start;
> +       }
>
>        trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed);
>
>
>
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