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Subject[PATCH] JRCU 2.6.32.41, consolidated
Hi Daniel,

Here is JRCU, backported to 2.6.32.41. There were more
changes than I expected, so hopefully it is all good.

My testing of this backport is minimal: an x86_64 compile
and boot. Under the boot I did another kernel compile
while watching the JRCU stats via:

watch -n1 -d /sys/kernel/debug/rcu/rcudata

Signed-off-by: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com>

Index: 2.6.32.41/kernel/jrcu.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ 2.6.32.41/kernel/jrcu.c 2011-06-16 16:35:56.000000000 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,775 @@
+/*
+ * Joe's tiny single-cpu RCU, for small SMP systems.
+ *
+ * Running RCU end-of-batch operations from a single cpu relieves the
+ * other CPUs from this periodic responsibility. This will eventually
+ * be important for those realtime applications requiring full use of
+ * dedicated cpus. JRCU is also a lockless implementation, currently,
+ * although some anticipated features will eventually require a per
+ * cpu rcu_lock along some minimal-contention paths.
+ *
+ * Author: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com>
+ *
+ * Acknowledgements: Paul E. McKenney's 'TinyRCU for uniprocessors' inspired
+ * the thought that there could could be something similiarly simple for SMP.
+ * The rcu_list chain operators are from Jim Houston's Alternative RCU.
+ *
+ * Copyright Concurrent Computer Corporation, 2011
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
+ * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
+ * for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This RCU maintains three callback lists: the current batch (per cpu),
+ * the previous batch (also per cpu), and the pending list (global).
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/preempt.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/irqflags.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+
+#include <asm/system.h>
+
+/*
+ * JRCU backport: also backport usleep_range.
+ */
+static void usleep_range(unsigned long min, unsigned long max)
+{
+ ktime_t kmin;
+ unsigned long delta;
+
+ __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+
+ kmin = ktime_set(0, min * NSEC_PER_USEC);
+ delta = (max - min) * NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ schedule_hrtimeout_range(&kmin, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Define an rcu list type and operators. An rcu list has only ->next
+ * pointers for the chain nodes; the list head however is special and
+ * has pointers to both the first and last nodes of the chain. Tweaked
+ * so that null head, tail pointers can be used to signify an empty list.
+ */
+struct rcu_list {
+ struct rcu_head *head;
+ struct rcu_head **tail;
+ int count; /* stats-n-debug */
+};
+
+static inline void rcu_list_init(struct rcu_list *l)
+{
+ l->head = NULL;
+ l->tail = NULL;
+ l->count = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add an element to the tail of an rcu list
+ */
+static inline void rcu_list_add(struct rcu_list *l, struct rcu_head *h)
+{
+ if (unlikely(l->tail == NULL))
+ l->tail = &l->head;
+ *l->tail = h;
+ l->tail = &h->next;
+ l->count++;
+ h->next = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Append the contents of one rcu list to another. The 'from' list is left
+ * corrupted on exit; the caller must re-initialize it before it can be used
+ * again.
+ */
+static inline void rcu_list_join(struct rcu_list *to, struct rcu_list *from)
+{
+ if (from->head) {
+ if (unlikely(to->tail == NULL)) {
+ to->tail = &to->head;
+ to->count = 0;
+ }
+ *to->tail = from->head;
+ to->tail = from->tail;
+ to->count += from->count;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * selects, in ->cblist[] below, which is the current callback list and which
+ * is the previous.
+ */
+static u8 rcu_which ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+
+struct rcu_data {
+ u8 wait; /* goes false when this cpu consents to
+ * the retirement of the current batch */
+ struct rcu_list cblist[2]; /* current & previous callback lists */
+ s64 nqueued; /* #callbacks queued (stats-n-debug) */
+} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+
+static struct rcu_data rcu_data[NR_CPUS];
+
+/* debug & statistics stuff */
+static struct rcu_stats {
+ unsigned npasses; /* #passes made */
+ unsigned nlast; /* #passes since last end-of-batch */
+ unsigned nbatches; /* #end-of-batches (eobs) seen */
+ unsigned nmis; /* #passes discarded due to NMI */
+ atomic_t nbarriers; /* #rcu barriers processed */
+ atomic_t nsyncs; /* #rcu syncs processed */
+ s64 ninvoked; /* #invoked (ie, finished) callbacks */
+ unsigned nforced; /* #forced eobs (should be zero) */
+} rcu_stats;
+
+#define RCU_HZ (20)
+#define RCU_HZ_PERIOD_US (USEC_PER_SEC / RCU_HZ)
+#define RCU_HZ_DELTA_US (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ)
+
+static int rcu_hz = RCU_HZ;
+static int rcu_hz_period_us = RCU_HZ_PERIOD_US;
+static int rcu_hz_delta_us = RCU_HZ_DELTA_US;
+
+static int rcu_hz_precise;
+
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+int rcu_nmi_seen __read_mostly;
+
+static int rcu_wdog_ctr; /* time since last end-of-batch, in usecs */
+static int rcu_wdog_lim = 10 * USEC_PER_SEC; /* rcu watchdog interval */
+
+/*
+ * Return our CPU id or zero if we are too early in the boot process to
+ * know what that is. For RCU to work correctly, a cpu named '0' must
+ * eventually be present (but need not ever be online).
+ */
+#ifdef HAVE_THREAD_INFO_CPU
+static inline int rcu_cpu(void)
+{
+ return current_thread_info()->cpu;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static unsigned rcu_cpu_early_flag __read_mostly = 1;
+
+static inline int rcu_cpu(void)
+{
+ if (unlikely(rcu_cpu_early_flag)) {
+ if (!(rcu_scheduler_active && nr_cpu_ids > 1))
+ return 0;
+ rcu_cpu_early_flag = 0;
+ }
+ return raw_smp_processor_id();
+}
+#endif /* HAVE_THREAD_INFO_CPU */
+
+/*
+ * Invoke whenever the calling CPU consents to end-of-batch. All CPUs
+ * must so consent before the batch is truly ended.
+ */
+static inline void rcu_eob(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rd = &rcu_data[cpu];
+ if (unlikely(rd->wait)) {
+ rd->wait = 0;
+#ifndef CONFIG_JRCU_LAZY
+ smp_wmb();
+#endif
+ }
+}
+
+void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
+{
+ if (preempt_count() == 1)
+ rcu_eob(rcu_cpu());
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_unlock);
+
+void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
+{
+ rcu_eob(cpu);
+}
+
+void rcu_note_might_resched(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ rcu_eob(rcu_cpu());
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_note_might_resched);
+
+void synchronize_sched(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
+ return;
+
+ init_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ atomic_inc(&rcu_stats.nsyncs);
+
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
+
+void rcu_barrier(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+ synchronize_sched();
+ atomic_inc(&rcu_stats.nbarriers);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
+
+void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void)
+{
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_force_quiescent_state);
+
+
+/*
+ * Insert an RCU callback onto the calling CPUs list of 'current batch'
+ * callbacks. Lockless version, can be invoked anywhere except under NMI.
+ */
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *cb, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_data *rd;
+ struct rcu_list *cblist;
+ int which;
+
+ cb->func = func;
+ cb->next = NULL;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ rd = &rcu_data[rcu_cpu()];
+ which = ACCESS_ONCE(rcu_which);
+ cblist = &rd->cblist[which];
+
+ /* The following is not NMI-safe, therefore call_rcu()
+ * cannot be invoked under NMI. */
+ rcu_list_add(cblist, cb);
+ rd->nqueued++;
+ smp_wmb();
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
+
+/*
+ * Invoke all callbacks on the passed-in list.
+ */
+static void rcu_invoke_callbacks(struct rcu_list *pending)
+{
+ struct rcu_head *curr, *next;
+
+ for (curr = pending->head; curr;) {
+ next = curr->next;
+ curr->func(curr);
+ curr = next;
+ rcu_stats.ninvoked++;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if the conditions for ending the current batch are true. If
+ * so then end it.
+ *
+ * Must be invoked periodically, and the periodic invocations must be
+ * far enough apart in time for the previous batch to become quiescent.
+ * This is a few tens of microseconds unless NMIs are involved; an NMI
+ * stretches out the requirement by the duration of the NMI.
+ *
+ * "Quiescent" means the owning cpu is no longer appending callbacks
+ * and has completed execution of a trailing write-memory-barrier insn.
+ */
+static void __rcu_delimit_batches(struct rcu_list *pending)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rd;
+ struct rcu_list *plist;
+ int cpu, eob, prev;
+
+ if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
+ return;
+
+ rcu_stats.nlast++;
+
+ /* If an NMI occured then the previous batch may not yet be
+ * quiescent. Let's wait till it is.
+ */
+ if (rcu_nmi_seen) {
+ rcu_nmi_seen = 0;
+ rcu_stats.nmis++;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Find out if the current batch has ended
+ * (end-of-batch).
+ */
+ eob = 1;
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ rd = &rcu_data[cpu];
+ if (rd->wait) {
+ rd->wait = preempt_count_cpu(cpu) > idle_cpu(cpu);
+ if (rd->wait) {
+ eob = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Exit if batch has not ended. But first, tickle all non-cooperating
+ * CPUs if enough time has passed.
+ */
+ if (eob == 0) {
+ if (rcu_wdog_ctr >= rcu_wdog_lim) {
+ rcu_wdog_ctr = 0;
+ rcu_stats.nforced++;
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ if (rcu_data[cpu].wait)
+ force_cpu_resched(cpu);
+ }
+ }
+ rcu_wdog_ctr += rcu_hz_period_us;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * End the current RCU batch and start a new one.
+ *
+ * This is a two-step operation: move every cpu's previous list
+ * to the global pending list, then tell every cpu to swap its
+ * current and pending lists (ie, toggle rcu_which).
+ *
+ * We tolerate the cpus taking a bit of time noticing this swap;
+ * we expect them to continue to put callbacks on the old current
+ * list (which is now the previous list) for a while. That time,
+ * however, cannot exceed one RCU_HZ period.
+ */
+ prev = ACCESS_ONCE(rcu_which) ^ 1;
+
+ for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
+ rd = &rcu_data[cpu];
+ plist = &rd->cblist[prev];
+ /* Chain previous batch of callbacks, if any, to the pending list */
+ if (plist->head) {
+ rcu_list_join(pending, plist);
+ rcu_list_init(plist);
+ }
+ if (cpu_online(cpu)) /* wins race with offlining every time */
+ rd->wait = preempt_count_cpu(cpu) > idle_cpu(cpu);
+ else
+ rd->wait = 0;
+ }
+ smp_wmb(); /* just paranoia, the below xchg should do this on all archs */
+
+ /*
+ * Swap current and previous lists. The other cpus must not
+ * see this out-of-order w.r.t. the above emptying of each cpu's
+ * previous list. The xchg accomplishes that and, as a side (but
+ * seemingly unneeded) bonus, keeps this cpu from advancing its insn
+ * counter until the results of that xchg are visible on other cpus.
+ */
+ (void)xchg(&rcu_which, prev); /* only place where rcu_which is written to */
+
+ rcu_stats.nbatches++;
+ rcu_stats.nlast = 0;
+ rcu_wdog_ctr = 0;
+}
+
+static void rcu_delimit_batches(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_list pending;
+
+ rcu_list_init(&pending);
+ rcu_stats.npasses++;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ smp_rmb();
+ __rcu_delimit_batches(&pending);
+ smp_wmb();
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ if (pending.head)
+ rcu_invoke_callbacks(&pending);
+}
+
+/* ------------------ interrupt driver section ------------------ */
+
+/*
+ * We drive RCU from a periodic interrupt during most of boot. Once boot
+ * is complete we (optionally) transition to a daemon.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+
+#define rcu_hz_period_ns (rcu_hz_period_us * NSEC_PER_USEC)
+#define rcu_hz_delta_ns (rcu_hz_delta_us * NSEC_PER_USEC)
+
+static struct hrtimer rcu_timer;
+
+static void rcu_softirq_func(struct softirq_action *h)
+{
+ rcu_delimit_batches();
+}
+
+static enum hrtimer_restart rcu_timer_func(struct hrtimer *t)
+{
+ ktime_t next;
+
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+
+ next = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(), rcu_hz_period_ns);
+ hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&rcu_timer, next,
+ rcu_hz_precise ? 0 : rcu_hz_delta_ns);
+ return HRTIMER_RESTART;
+}
+
+static void rcu_timer_restart(void)
+{
+ pr_info("JRCU: starting timer. rate is %d Hz\n", RCU_HZ);
+ hrtimer_forward_now(&rcu_timer, ns_to_ktime(rcu_hz_period_ns));
+ hrtimer_start_expires(&rcu_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+}
+
+static __init int rcu_timer_start(void)
+{
+ open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_softirq_func);
+
+ hrtimer_init(&rcu_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ rcu_timer.function = rcu_timer_func;
+ rcu_timer_restart();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JRCU_DAEMON
+static void rcu_timer_stop(void)
+{
+ int stat;
+
+ stat = hrtimer_cancel(&rcu_timer);
+ if (stat)
+ pr_info("JRCU: timer canceled.\n");
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Transition from a simple to a full featured, interrupt driven RCU.
+ *
+ * This is to protect us against RCU being used very very early in the boot
+ * process, where ideas like 'tasks' and 'cpus' and 'timers' and such are
+ * not yet fully formed. During this very early time, we use a simple,
+ * not-fully-functional braindead version of RCU.
+ *
+ * Invoked from main() at the earliest point where scheduling and timers
+ * are functional.
+ */
+void __init rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+{
+ int stat;
+
+ stat = rcu_timer_start();
+ if (stat) {
+ pr_err("JRCU: failed to start. This is fatal.\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
+ smp_wmb();
+
+ pr_info("JRCU: started\n");
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JRCU_DAEMON
+
+/* ------------------ daemon driver section --------------------- */
+
+/*
+ * Once the system is fully up, we will drive the periodic-polling part
+ * of JRCU from a kernel daemon, jrcud. Until then it is driven by
+ * an interrupt.
+ */
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/param.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+
+static int rcu_priority;
+static struct task_struct *rcu_daemon;
+
+static int jrcu_set_priority(int priority)
+{
+ struct sched_param param;
+
+ if (priority == 0) {
+ set_user_nice(current, -19);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (priority < 0)
+ param.sched_priority = MAX_USER_RT_PRIO + priority;
+ else
+ param.sched_priority = priority;
+
+ sched_setscheduler_nocheck(current, SCHED_RR, &param);
+ return param.sched_priority;
+}
+
+static int jrcud_func(void *arg)
+{
+ current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
+ rcu_priority = jrcu_set_priority(CONFIG_JRCU_DAEMON_PRIO);
+ rcu_timer_stop();
+
+ pr_info("JRCU: daemon started. Will operate at ~%d Hz.\n", rcu_hz);
+
+ while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+ if (rcu_hz_precise) {
+ usleep_range(rcu_hz_period_us,
+ rcu_hz_period_us);
+ } else {
+ usleep_range(rcu_hz_period_us,
+ rcu_hz_period_us + rcu_hz_delta_us);
+ }
+ rcu_delimit_batches();
+ }
+
+ pr_info("JRCU: daemon exiting\n");
+ rcu_daemon = NULL;
+ rcu_timer_restart();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __init int jrcud_start(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p;
+
+ p = kthread_run(jrcud_func, NULL, "jrcud");
+ if (IS_ERR(p)) {
+ pr_warning("JRCU: daemon not started\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ rcu_daemon = p;
+ return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(jrcud_start);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_JRCU_DAEMON */
+
+/* ------------------ debug and statistics section -------------- */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+static int rcu_debugfs_show(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
+{
+ int cpu, q;
+ s64 nqueued;
+
+ nqueued = 0;
+ for_each_present_cpu(cpu)
+ nqueued += rcu_data[cpu].nqueued;
+
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: hz, %s\n",
+ rcu_hz,
+ rcu_hz_precise ? "precise" : "sloppy");
+
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: watchdog (secs)\n", rcu_wdog_lim / (int)USEC_PER_SEC);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14d: #secs left on watchdog\n",
+ (rcu_wdog_lim - rcu_wdog_ctr) / (int)USEC_PER_SEC);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JRCU_DAEMON
+ if (rcu_daemon)
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: daemon priority\n", rcu_priority);
+ else
+ seq_printf(m, "%14s: daemon priority\n", "none, no daemon");
+#endif
+
+ seq_printf(m, "\n");
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes\n",
+ rcu_stats.npasses);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes discarded due to NMI\n",
+ rcu_stats.nmis);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes resulting in end-of-batch\n",
+ rcu_stats.nbatches);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes not resulting in end-of-batch\n",
+ rcu_stats.npasses - rcu_stats.nbatches);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes since last end-of-batch\n",
+ rcu_stats.nlast);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #passes forced (0 is best)\n",
+ rcu_stats.nforced);
+
+ seq_printf(m, "\n");
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #barriers\n",
+ atomic_read(&rcu_stats.nbarriers));
+ seq_printf(m, "%14u: #syncs\n",
+ atomic_read(&rcu_stats.nsyncs));
+ seq_printf(m, "%14llu: #callbacks invoked\n",
+ rcu_stats.ninvoked);
+ seq_printf(m, "%14d: #callbacks left to invoke\n",
+ (int)(nqueued - rcu_stats.ninvoked));
+ seq_printf(m, "\n");
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ seq_printf(m, "%4d ", cpu);
+ seq_printf(m, " CPU\n");
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct rcu_data *rd = &rcu_data[cpu];
+ seq_printf(m, "--%c%c ",
+ idle_cpu(cpu) ? 'I' : '-',
+ rd->wait ? 'W' : '-');
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, " FLAGS\n");
+
+ for (q = 0; q < 2; q++) {
+ int w = ACCESS_ONCE(rcu_which);
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct rcu_data *rd = &rcu_data[cpu];
+ struct rcu_list *l = &rd->cblist[q];
+ seq_printf(m, "%4d ", l->count);
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, " Q%d%c\n", q, " *"[q == w]);
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, "\nFLAGS:\n");
+ seq_printf(m, " I - cpu idle, W - cpu waiting for end-of-batch,\n");
+ seq_printf(m, " * - the current Q, other is the previous Q.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t rcu_debugfs_write(struct file *file,
+ const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ int i, j, c;
+ char token[32];
+
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ if (count <= 0)
+ return count;
+
+ if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, buffer, count))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ i = 0;
+ if (__get_user(c, &buffer[i++]))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+next:
+ /* Token extractor -- first, skip leading whitepace */
+ while (c && isspace(c) && i < count) {
+ if (__get_user(c, &buffer[i++]))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ if (i >= count || c == 0)
+ return count; /* all done, no more tokens */
+
+ j = 0;
+ do {
+ if (j == (sizeof(token) - 1))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ token[j++] = c;
+ if (__get_user(c, &buffer[i++]))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ } while (c && !isspace(c) && i < count); /* extract next token */
+ token[j++] = 0;
+
+ if (!strncmp(token, "hz=", 3)) {
+ int rcu_hz_wanted = -1;
+ sscanf(&token[3], "%d", &rcu_hz_wanted);
+ if (rcu_hz_wanted < 2 || rcu_hz_wanted > 1000)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ rcu_hz = rcu_hz_wanted;
+ rcu_hz_period_us = USEC_PER_SEC / rcu_hz;
+ } else if (!strncmp(token, "precise=", 8)) {
+ sscanf(&token[8], "%d", &rcu_hz_precise);
+ } else if (!strncmp(token, "wdog=", 5)) {
+ int wdog = -1;
+ sscanf(&token[5], "%d", &wdog);
+ if (wdog < 3 || wdog > 1000)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ rcu_wdog_lim = wdog * USEC_PER_SEC;
+ } else
+ return -EINVAL;
+ goto next;
+}
+
+static int rcu_debugfs_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return single_open(file, rcu_debugfs_show, NULL);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations rcu_debugfs_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = rcu_debugfs_open,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .write = rcu_debugfs_write,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .release = single_release,
+};
+
+static struct dentry *rcudir;
+
+static int __init rcu_debugfs_init(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *retval;
+
+ rcudir = debugfs_create_dir("rcu", NULL);
+ if (!rcudir)
+ goto error;
+
+ retval = debugfs_create_file("rcudata", 0644, rcudir,
+ NULL, &rcu_debugfs_fops);
+ if (!retval)
+ goto error;
+
+ pr_info("JRCU: Created debugfs files\n");
+ return 0;
+
+error:
+ debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
+ pr_warning("JRCU: Could not create debugfs files\n");
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+late_initcall(rcu_debugfs_init);
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/jrcu.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/jrcu.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+/*
+ * JRCU - A tiny single-cpu RCU for small SMP systems.
+ *
+ * Author: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com>
+ * Copyright Concurrent Computer Corporation, 2011
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
+ * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
+ * for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ */
+#ifndef __LINUX_JRCU_H
+#define __LINUX_JRCU_H
+
+#define __rcu_read_lock() preempt_disable()
+extern void __rcu_read_unlock(void);
+
+#define __rcu_read_lock_bh() __rcu_read_lock()
+#define __rcu_read_unlock_bh() __rcu_read_unlock()
+
+extern void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
+
+#define call_rcu_sched call_rcu
+#define call_rcu_bh call_rcu
+
+extern void rcu_barrier(void);
+
+#define rcu_barrier_sched rcu_barrier
+#define rcu_barrier_bh rcu_barrier
+
+extern void synchronize_sched(void);
+
+#define synchronize_rcu synchronize_sched
+#define synchronize_rcu_bh synchronize_sched
+#define synchronize_rcu_expedited synchronize_sched
+#define synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited synchronize_sched
+
+#define rcu_init(cpu) do { } while (0)
+#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
+#define exit_rcu() do { } while (0)
+
+static inline void __rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user) { }
+#define rcu_check_callbacks __rcu_check_callbacks
+
+#define rcu_needs_cpu(cpu) (0)
+#define rcu_batches_completed() (0)
+#define rcu_batches_completed_bh() (0)
+#define rcu_preempt_depth() (0)
+
+extern void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void);
+
+#define rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state rcu_force_quiescent_state
+#define rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state rcu_force_quiescent_state
+
+#define rcu_enter_nohz() do { } while (0)
+#define rcu_exit_nohz() do { } while (0)
+
+extern void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu);
+
+#define rcu_sched_qs rcu_note_context_switch
+#define rcu_bh_qs rcu_note_context_switch
+
+extern void rcu_note_might_resched(void);
+
+extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
+extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_JRCU_H */
Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/rcupdate.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -73,6 +73,8 @@

#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
+#elif defined(CONFIG_JRCU)
+#include <linux/jrcu.h>
#else
#error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration"
#endif
Index: 2.6.32.41/init/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/init/Kconfig 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/init/Kconfig 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -334,8 +334,71 @@
is also required. It also scales down nicely to
smaller systems.

+config JRCU
+ bool "A tiny single-CPU RCU for small SMP systems"
+ depends on PREEMPT
+ depends on SMP
+ select PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+ help
+ This option selects a minimal-footprint RCU suitable for small SMP
+ systems -- that is, those with fewer than 16 or perhaps 32, and
+ certainly less than 64 processors.
+
+ This RCU variant may be a good choice for systems with low latency
+ requirements. It does RCU garbage collection from a single CPU
+ rather than have each CPU do its own. This frees up all but one
+ CPU from interference by this periodic requirement.
+
+ Most users should say N here.
+
endchoice

+config JRCU_DAEMON
+ bool
+ depends on JRCU
+ default y
+ help
+ Required. The context switch when leaving the daemon is needed
+ to get the CPU to reliably participate in end-of-batch processing.
+
+config JRCU_DAEMON_PRIO
+ int "JRCU Daemon priority"
+ depends on JRCU_DAEMON
+ default 0
+ help
+ The JRCU daemon priority. If 0 then the daemon runs SCHED_OTHER.
+ If >0 then the daemon runs SCHED_RR and its priority will be
+ the value selected. If <0 then SCHED_RR is again selected, but
+ now its priority will be the biased downwards from the maximum
+ possible Posix priority.
+
+config JRCU_LAZY
+ bool "Should JRCU be lazy recognizing end-of-batch"
+ depends on JRCU
+ default n
+ help
+ If you say Y here, JRCU will on occasion fail to recognize
+ end-of-batch for an rcu period or two.
+
+ If you say N here, JRCU will be more aggressive; in fact it
+ will always recognize end-of-batch at the earliest possible time.
+
+ Being lazy should be fractionally more efficient in that JRCU
+ inserts fewer memory barriers along some high performance kernel
+ code paths.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
+config PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+ # bool "Let one CPU look at another CPUs preemption count"
+ bool
+ default n
+ help
+ If Y then the preempt_count_cpu() function will be compiled into
+ the kernel. Its existance impacts kernel performance slightly,
+ so this option should be selected only if other kernel features
+ that use preempt_count_cpu() are also selected.
+
config RCU_TRACE
bool "Enable tracing for RCU"
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
Index: 2.6.32.41/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/kernel/Makefile 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/kernel/Makefile 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_SECCOMP) += seccomp.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST) += rcutorture.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) += rcutree.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_JRCU) += jrcu.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) += rcutree.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU_TRACE) += rcutree_trace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RELAY) += relay.o
Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/hardirq.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/include/linux/hardirq.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/hardirq.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -145,7 +145,13 @@
extern void account_system_vtime(struct task_struct *tsk);
#endif

-#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ)
+#if defined(CONFIG_JRCU)
+extern int rcu_nmi_seen;
+# define rcu_irq_enter() do { } while (0)
+# define rcu_irq_exit() do { } while (0)
+# define rcu_nmi_enter() do { rcu_nmi_seen = 1; } while (0)
+# define rcu_nmi_exit() do { } while (0)
+#elif defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ)
extern void rcu_irq_enter(void);
extern void rcu_irq_exit(void);
extern void rcu_nmi_enter(void);
Index: 2.6.32.41/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/kernel/sched.c 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/kernel/sched.c 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -1190,6 +1190,16 @@
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}

+void force_cpu_resched(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
+ resched_task(cpu_curr(cpu));
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
/*
* When add_timer_on() enqueues a timer into the timer wheel of an
@@ -1273,6 +1283,11 @@
static void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq)
{
}
+
+void force_cpu_resched(int cpu)
+{
+ set_need_resched();
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
@@ -2753,6 +2768,24 @@
put_cpu();
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+
+/*
+ * Fetch the preempt count of some cpu's current task. Must be called
+ * with interrupts blocked. Stale return value.
+ *
+ * No locking needed as this always wins the race with context-switch-out
+ * + task destruction, since that is so heavyweight. The smp_rmb() is
+ * to protect the pointers in that race, not the data being pointed to
+ * (which, being guaranteed stale, can stand a bit of fuzziness).
+ */
+int preempt_count_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ smp_rmb(); /* stop data prefetch until program ctr gets here */
+ return task_thread_info(cpu_curr(cpu))->preempt_count;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* wake_up_new_task - wake up a newly created task for the first time.
*
@@ -5552,7 +5585,7 @@
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON((preempt_count() < 0)))
return;
#endif
- preempt_count() += val;
+ __add_preempt_count(val);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT
/*
* Spinlock count overflowing soon?
@@ -5583,7 +5616,7 @@

if (preempt_count() == val)
trace_preempt_on(CALLER_ADDR0, get_parent_ip(CALLER_ADDR1));
- preempt_count() -= val;
+ __sub_preempt_count(val);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sub_preempt_count);

@@ -5742,6 +5775,9 @@

rq->nr_switches++;
rq->curr = next;
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+ smp_wmb();
+#endif
++*switch_count;

context_switch(rq, prev, next); /* unlocks the rq */
@@ -9983,6 +10019,9 @@
void set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
{
cpu_curr(cpu) = p;
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+ smp_wmb();
+#endif
}

#endif
Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/preempt.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/include/linux/preempt.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/preempt.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -10,18 +10,45 @@
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/list.h>

+/* cannot include rcupdate.h here, so open-code this */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_JRCU)
+# define __add_preempt_count(val) do { \
+ int newval = (preempt_count() += (val)); \
+ if (newval == (val)) \
+ smp_wmb(); \
+} while (0)
+#else
+# define __add_preempt_count(val) do { preempt_count() += (val); } while (0)
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_JRCU_LAZY) || !defined(CONFIG_JRCU)
+# define __sub_preempt_count(val) do { preempt_count() -= (val); } while (0)
+#else
+# define __sub_preempt_count(val) do { \
+ int newval = (preempt_count() -= (val)); \
+ if (newval == 0) { \
+ /* race with preemption OK, preempt will do the mb for us */ \
+ smp_wmb(); \
+ } \
+} while (0)
+#endif
+
#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACER)
extern void add_preempt_count(int val);
extern void sub_preempt_count(int val);
#else
-# define add_preempt_count(val) do { preempt_count() += (val); } while (0)
-# define sub_preempt_count(val) do { preempt_count() -= (val); } while (0)
+# define add_preempt_count(val) __add_preempt_count(val)
+# define sub_preempt_count(val) __sub_preempt_count(val)
#endif

#define inc_preempt_count() add_preempt_count(1)
#define dec_preempt_count() sub_preempt_count(1)

#define preempt_count() (current_thread_info()->preempt_count)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT_CPU
+extern int preempt_count_cpu(int cpu);
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT

Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/kernel.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/include/linux/kernel.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/kernel.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -117,11 +117,18 @@
struct pt_regs;
struct user;

+/* cannot bring in linux/rcupdate.h at this point */
+#ifdef CONFIG_JRCU
+extern void rcu_note_might_resched(void);
+#else
+#define rcu_note_might_resched()
+#endif /*JRCU */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY
extern int _cond_resched(void);
-# define might_resched() _cond_resched()
+# define might_resched() do { _cond_resched(); rcu_note_might_resched(); } while (0)
#else
-# define might_resched() do { } while (0)
+# define might_resched() do { rcu_note_might_resched(); } while (0)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK_SLEEP
Index: 2.6.32.41/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
__u32 flags; /* low level flags */
__u32 status; /* thread synchronous flags */
__u32 cpu; /* current CPU */
+#define HAVE_THREAD_INFO_CPU 1
int preempt_count; /* 0 => preemptable,
<0 => BUG */
mm_segment_t addr_limit;
Index: 2.6.32.41/include/linux/sched.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/include/linux/sched.h 2011-06-16 16:00:40.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.32.41/include/linux/sched.h 2011-06-16 16:01:25.000000000 -0400
@@ -1908,6 +1908,8 @@
static inline void wake_up_idle_cpu(int cpu) { }
#endif

+extern void force_cpu_resched(int cpu);
+
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_latency;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_min_granularity;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity;
Index: 2.6.32.41/kernel/rcupdate.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.32.41.orig/kernel/rcupdate.c 2009-12-02 22:51:21.000000000 -0500
+++ 2.6.32.41/kernel/rcupdate.c 2011-06-16 16:20:37.000000000 -0400
@@ -53,7 +53,9 @@
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_lock_map);
#endif

+#ifndef CONFIG_JRCU
int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+#endif

/*
* Awaken the corresponding synchronize_rcu() instance now that a
@@ -95,6 +97,8 @@

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */

+#ifndef CONFIG_JRCU
+
/**
* synchronize_sched - wait until an rcu-sched grace period has elapsed.
*
@@ -185,3 +189,5 @@
WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_JRCU */

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