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SubjectRe: [GIT PULL] Re: REGRESSION: Performance regressions from switching anon_vma->lock to mutex
On Wed, Jun 15, 2011 at 10:12:16PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
> * Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>
> > On Wed, Jun 15, 2011 at 3:58 AM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > The first thing that stood out when running it was:
> > >
> > > 31694 root      20   0 26660 1460 1212 S 17.5  0.0   0:01.97 exim
> > >    7 root      -2  19     0    0    0 S 12.7  0.0   0:06.14 rcuc0
> > ...
> > >
> > > Which is an impressive amount of RCU usage..
> >
> > Gaah. Can we just revert that crazy "use threads for RCU" thing already?
>
> I have this fix queued up currently:
>
> 09223371deac: rcu: Use softirq to address performance regression
>
> and that's ready for pulling and should fix this regression:
>
> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip.git core-urgent-for-linus
>
> The revert itself looks quite hairy, i just attempted it: it affects
> half a dozen other followup commits. We might be better off using the
> (tested) commit above and then shutting down all kthread based
> processing and always use a softirq ... or something like that.
>
> if you think that's risky and we should do the revert then i'll
> rebase the core/urgent branch and we'll do the revert.
>
> Paul, Peter, what do you think?

It would be much lower risk to make the current code always use softirq
if !RCU_BOOST -- last time I attempted the revert, it was quite hairy.

But if we must do the revert, we can do the revert. A small matter of
software and all that.

Thanx, Paul

> Thanks,
>
> Ingo
>
> ------------------>
> Paul E. McKenney (1):
> rcu: Simplify curing of load woes
>
> Shaohua Li (1):
> rcu: Use softirq to address performance regression
>
>
> Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 1 +
> include/linux/interrupt.h | 1 +
> include/trace/events/irq.h | 3 +-
> kernel/rcutree.c | 88 ++++++++++++++++-------------------
> kernel/rcutree.h | 1 +
> kernel/rcutree_plugin.h | 20 ++++----
> kernel/softirq.c | 2 +-
> tools/perf/util/trace-event-parse.c | 1 +
> 8 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> index f481780..db3b1ab 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> @@ -843,6 +843,7 @@ Provides counts of softirq handlers serviced since boot time, for each cpu.
> TASKLET: 0 0 0 290
> SCHED: 27035 26983 26971 26746
> HRTIMER: 0 0 0 0
> + RCU: 1678 1769 2178 2250
>
>
> 1.3 IDE devices in /proc/ide
> diff --git a/include/linux/interrupt.h b/include/linux/interrupt.h
> index 6c12989..f6efed0 100644
> --- a/include/linux/interrupt.h
> +++ b/include/linux/interrupt.h
> @@ -414,6 +414,7 @@ enum
> TASKLET_SOFTIRQ,
> SCHED_SOFTIRQ,
> HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ,
> + RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */
>
> NR_SOFTIRQS
> };
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/irq.h b/include/trace/events/irq.h
> index ae045ca..1c09820 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/irq.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/irq.h
> @@ -20,7 +20,8 @@ struct softirq_action;
> softirq_name(BLOCK_IOPOLL), \
> softirq_name(TASKLET), \
> softirq_name(SCHED), \
> - softirq_name(HRTIMER))
> + softirq_name(HRTIMER), \
> + softirq_name(RCU))
>
> /**
> * irq_handler_entry - called immediately before the irq action handler
> diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
> index 89419ff..ae5c9ea 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcutree.c
> +++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
> @@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ static char rcu_kthreads_spawnable;
>
> static void rcu_node_kthread_setaffinity(struct rcu_node *rnp, int outgoingcpu);
> static void invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void);
> +static void __invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void);
>
> #define RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO 1 /* RT priority for per-CPU kthreads. */
>
> @@ -1442,13 +1443,21 @@ __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> }
>
> /* If there are callbacks ready, invoke them. */
> - rcu_do_batch(rsp, rdp);
> + if (cpu_has_callbacks_ready_to_invoke(rdp))
> + __invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread();
> +}
> +
> +static void rcu_kthread_do_work(void)
> +{
> + rcu_do_batch(&rcu_sched_state, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_sched_data));
> + rcu_do_batch(&rcu_bh_state, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data));
> + rcu_preempt_do_callbacks();
> }
>
> /*
> * Do softirq processing for the current CPU.
> */
> -static void rcu_process_callbacks(void)
> +static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
> {
> __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_state,
> &__get_cpu_var(rcu_sched_data));
> @@ -1465,7 +1474,7 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(void)
> * the current CPU with interrupts disabled, the rcu_cpu_kthread_task
> * cannot disappear out from under us.
> */
> -static void invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void)
> +static void __invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void)
> {
> unsigned long flags;
>
> @@ -1479,6 +1488,11 @@ static void invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void)
> local_irq_restore(flags);
> }
>
> +static void invoke_rcu_cpu_kthread(void)
> +{
> + raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Wake up the specified per-rcu_node-structure kthread.
> * Because the per-rcu_node kthreads are immortal, we don't need
> @@ -1613,7 +1627,7 @@ static int rcu_cpu_kthread(void *arg)
> *workp = 0;
> local_irq_restore(flags);
> if (work)
> - rcu_process_callbacks();
> + rcu_kthread_do_work();
> local_bh_enable();
> if (*workp != 0)
> spincnt++;
> @@ -1635,6 +1649,20 @@ static int rcu_cpu_kthread(void *arg)
> * to manipulate rcu_cpu_kthread_task. There might be another CPU
> * attempting to access it during boot, but the locking in kthread_bind()
> * will enforce sufficient ordering.
> + *
> + * Please note that we cannot simply refuse to wake up the per-CPU
> + * kthread because kthreads are created in TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE state,
> + * which can result in softlockup complaints if the task ends up being
> + * idle for more than a couple of minutes.
> + *
> + * However, please note also that we cannot bind the per-CPU kthread to its
> + * CPU until that CPU is fully online. We also cannot wait until the
> + * CPU is fully online before we create its per-CPU kthread, as this would
> + * deadlock the system when CPU notifiers tried waiting for grace
> + * periods. So we bind the per-CPU kthread to its CPU only if the CPU
> + * is online. If its CPU is not yet fully online, then the code in
> + * rcu_cpu_kthread() will wait until it is fully online, and then do
> + * the binding.
> */
> static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_cpu_kthread(int cpu)
> {
> @@ -1647,12 +1675,14 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_cpu_kthread(int cpu)
> t = kthread_create(rcu_cpu_kthread, (void *)(long)cpu, "rcuc%d", cpu);
> if (IS_ERR(t))
> return PTR_ERR(t);
> - kthread_bind(t, cpu);
> + if (cpu_online(cpu))
> + kthread_bind(t, cpu);
> per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_cpu, cpu) = cpu;
> WARN_ON_ONCE(per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_task, cpu) != NULL);
> - per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_task, cpu) = t;
> sp.sched_priority = RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO;
> sched_setscheduler_nocheck(t, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
> + per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_task, cpu) = t;
> + wake_up_process(t); /* Get to TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE quickly. */
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -1759,12 +1789,11 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_node_kthread(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
> sp.sched_priority = 99;
> sched_setscheduler_nocheck(t, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
> + wake_up_process(t); /* get to TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE quickly. */
> }
> return rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread(rsp, rnp, rnp_index);
> }
>
> -static void rcu_wake_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_node *rnp);
> -
> /*
> * Spawn all kthreads -- called as soon as the scheduler is running.
> */
> @@ -1772,30 +1801,18 @@ static int __init rcu_spawn_kthreads(void)
> {
> int cpu;
> struct rcu_node *rnp;
> - struct task_struct *t;
>
> rcu_kthreads_spawnable = 1;
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> per_cpu(rcu_cpu_has_work, cpu) = 0;
> - if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
> + if (cpu_online(cpu))
> (void)rcu_spawn_one_cpu_kthread(cpu);
> - t = per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_task, cpu);
> - if (t)
> - wake_up_process(t);
> - }
> }
> rnp = rcu_get_root(rcu_state);
> (void)rcu_spawn_one_node_kthread(rcu_state, rnp);
> - if (rnp->node_kthread_task)
> - wake_up_process(rnp->node_kthread_task);
> if (NUM_RCU_NODES > 1) {
> - rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rcu_state, rnp) {
> + rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rcu_state, rnp)
> (void)rcu_spawn_one_node_kthread(rcu_state, rnp);
> - t = rnp->node_kthread_task;
> - if (t)
> - wake_up_process(t);
> - rcu_wake_one_boost_kthread(rnp);
> - }
> }
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -2221,31 +2238,6 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_prepare_kthreads(int cpu)
> }
>
> /*
> - * kthread_create() creates threads in TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE state,
> - * but the RCU threads are woken on demand, and if demand is low this
> - * could be a while triggering the hung task watchdog.
> - *
> - * In order to avoid this, poke all tasks once the CPU is fully
> - * up and running.
> - */
> -static void __cpuinit rcu_online_kthreads(int cpu)
> -{
> - struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rcu_state->rda, cpu);
> - struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
> - struct task_struct *t;
> -
> - t = per_cpu(rcu_cpu_kthread_task, cpu);
> - if (t)
> - wake_up_process(t);
> -
> - t = rnp->node_kthread_task;
> - if (t)
> - wake_up_process(t);
> -
> - rcu_wake_one_boost_kthread(rnp);
> -}
> -
> -/*
> * Handle CPU online/offline notification events.
> */
> static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> @@ -2262,7 +2254,6 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> rcu_prepare_kthreads(cpu);
> break;
> case CPU_ONLINE:
> - rcu_online_kthreads(cpu);
> case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
> rcu_node_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, -1);
> rcu_cpu_kthread_setrt(cpu, 1);
> @@ -2410,6 +2401,7 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
> rcu_init_one(&rcu_sched_state, &rcu_sched_data);
> rcu_init_one(&rcu_bh_state, &rcu_bh_data);
> __rcu_init_preempt();
> + open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
>
> /*
> * We don't need protection against CPU-hotplug here because
> diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
> index 7b9a08b..0fed6b9 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcutree.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
> @@ -439,6 +439,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_offline_cpu(int cpu);
> #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
> static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(int cpu);
> static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void);
> +static void rcu_preempt_do_callbacks(void);
> void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
> #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
> static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp);
> diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> index c8bff30..38d09c5 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> @@ -602,6 +602,11 @@ static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
> &__get_cpu_var(rcu_preempt_data));
> }
>
> +static void rcu_preempt_do_callbacks(void)
> +{
> + rcu_do_batch(&rcu_preempt_state, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_preempt_data));
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Queue a preemptible-RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
> */
> @@ -997,6 +1002,10 @@ static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
> {
> }
>
> +static void rcu_preempt_do_callbacks(void)
> +{
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Wait for an rcu-preempt grace period, but make it happen quickly.
> * But because preemptible RCU does not exist, map to rcu-sched.
> @@ -1299,15 +1308,10 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
> sp.sched_priority = RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO;
> sched_setscheduler_nocheck(t, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
> + wake_up_process(t); /* get to TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE quickly. */
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static void __cpuinit rcu_wake_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_node *rnp)
> -{
> - if (rnp->boost_kthread_task)
> - wake_up_process(rnp->boost_kthread_task);
> -}
> -
> #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
>
> static void rcu_initiate_boost(struct rcu_node *rnp, unsigned long flags)
> @@ -1331,10 +1335,6 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static void __cpuinit rcu_wake_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_node *rnp)
> -{
> -}
> -
> #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
>
> #ifndef CONFIG_SMP
> diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
> index 1396017..40cf63d 100644
> --- a/kernel/softirq.c
> +++ b/kernel/softirq.c
> @@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd);
>
> char *softirq_to_name[NR_SOFTIRQS] = {
> "HI", "TIMER", "NET_TX", "NET_RX", "BLOCK", "BLOCK_IOPOLL",
> - "TASKLET", "SCHED", "HRTIMER"
> + "TASKLET", "SCHED", "HRTIMER", "RCU"
> };
>
> /*
> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/trace-event-parse.c b/tools/perf/util/trace-event-parse.c
> index 1e88485..0a7ed5b 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/util/trace-event-parse.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/util/trace-event-parse.c
> @@ -2187,6 +2187,7 @@ static const struct flag flags[] = {
> { "TASKLET_SOFTIRQ", 6 },
> { "SCHED_SOFTIRQ", 7 },
> { "HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ", 8 },
> + { "RCU_SOFTIRQ", 9 },
>
> { "HRTIMER_NORESTART", 0 },
> { "HRTIMER_RESTART", 1 },
--
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