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SubjectRe: bug: kernel 3.0-rc3 not relocatable on i386?
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Petr Tesarik píše v St 15. 06. 2011 v 12:07 +0200:
> Petr Tesarik píše v St 15. 06. 2011 v 12:01 +0200:
> > Maarten Lankhorst píše v St 15. 06. 2011 v 11:21 +0200:
> > > Hi Petr,
> > >
> > > 2011/6/15 Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.cz>:
> > > > Hi all,
> > > >
> > > > it seems that the 3.0-rc3 kernel is not relocatable on i386. I get
> > > > warnings about jiffies being an absolute symbol, and indeed, when GRUB
> > > > loads the kernel at a non-default address, jiffies is not relocated.
> > > >
> > > > In my example the kernel is configured with
> > > > CONFIG_PHYSICAL_START=0x1000000
> > > > CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN=0x200000
> > > > CONFIG_RELOCATABLE=y
> > > > and loaded at 0x200000 by GRUB.
> > > >
> > > > Booting fails when checking whether the timer works, because do_timer()
> > > > increments jiffies_64, but timer_irq_works() checks jiffies. The code
> > > > looks like this:
> > > >
> > > > c13daab7: 8b 3d 40 7a 39 c1 mov 0xc1397a40,%edi
> > > >
> > > > but arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.relocs does not contain c13daaba.
> > > > Consequently, timer_irq_works() reads the wrong memory location and
> > > > fails, causing a panic:
> > > >
> > > > kernel panic: IO-APIC + timer doesn't work! Boot with apic=debug and
> > > > send a report. Then try booting with the 'noapic' option.
> > > >
> > > > Needless to say, the kernel freezes a few initcalls later when booted
> > > > with noapic, because IO-APIC worked fine, in fact. I verified that by
> > > > inserting a debugging printk() in do_timer(), and I also verified with
> > > > that printk() that the address of jiffies_64 and the address of jiffies
> > > > differ at run time.
> > > >
> > > > Any idea how to fix this?
> > > Does reverting this commit fix it?
> >
> > Isn't this related to VDSO? I've got no troubles with the VDSO. It's
> > just that the kernel assumes a fixed location of jiffies (in the kernel
> > direct mapping), so it cannot be relocated.
> >
> > OTOH this must have worked the other day, so searching for the commit
> > that broke it is a good hint. I'll try it here, too.
>
> Ah, it turns out this is in fact reported here:
>
> http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=12327
>
> But the patch was reverted by commit
> 6b35eb9ddcddde7b510726de03fae071178f1ec4, so these binutils have been
> broken again since January.

I tried to understand what was wrong with the approach taken by Shaohua
and what caused a problem for Markus Trippelsdorf, but it seems the
revert didn't help in any way: I don't get build failures. I get a
non-booting kernel, and the traces didn't give me any clue what was
wrong.

Anyway, what's wrong with the generic approach suggested by hpa?

http://linux.derkeiler.com/Mailing-Lists/Kernel/2011-01/msg06976.html

Petr

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