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SubjectRe: [PATCH 07/10] MCE: replace mce.c use of TIF_MCE_NOTIFY with user_return_notifier
(2011/06/10 6:35), Luck, Tony wrote:
> From: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
>
> Ingo wrote:
>> We already have a generic facility to do such things at
>> return-to-userspace: _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY.
>
> This just a proof of concept patch ... before this can become
> real the user-return-notifier code would have to be made NMI
> safe (currently it uses hlist_add_head/hlist_del, which would
> need to be changed to Ying's NMI-safe single threaded lists).
>
> Reviewed-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
> NOT-Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 6 -----
> 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
> index cc6c53a..054e127 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
> @@ -845,6 +845,7 @@ config X86_REROUTE_FOR_BROKEN_BOOT_IRQS
>
> config X86_MCE
> bool "Machine Check / overheating reporting"
> + select USER_RETURN_NOTIFIER
> ---help---
> Machine Check support allows the processor to notify the
> kernel if it detects a problem (e.g. overheating, data corruption).
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
> index ffc8d11..28d223e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
> #include <linux/mm.h>
> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> #include <linux/edac_mce.h>
> +#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
>
> #include <asm/processor.h>
> #include <asm/hw_irq.h>
> @@ -69,6 +70,15 @@ atomic_t mce_entry;
>
> DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned, mce_exception_count);
>
> +struct mce_notify {
> + struct user_return_notifier urn;
> + bool registered;
> +};
> +
> +static void mce_do_notify(struct user_return_notifier *urn);
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mce_notify, mce_notify);
> +
> /*
> * Tolerant levels:
> * 0: always panic on uncorrected errors, log corrected errors
> @@ -947,6 +957,7 @@ void do_machine_check(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
> int i;
> int worst = 0;
> int severity;
> + struct mce_notify *np;
> /*
> * Establish sequential order between the CPUs entering the machine
> * check handler.
> @@ -1099,7 +1110,12 @@ void do_machine_check(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
> force_sig(SIGBUS, current);
>
> /* notify userspace ASAP */
> - set_thread_flag(TIF_MCE_NOTIFY);
> + np = &__get_cpu_var(mce_notify);
> + if (np->registered == 0) {
> + np->urn.on_user_return = mce_do_notify;
> + user_return_notifier_register(&np->urn);
> + np->registered = 1;
> + }
>
> if (worst > 0)
> mce_report_event(regs);
> @@ -1116,28 +1132,35 @@ void __attribute__((weak)) memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int vector)
> printk(KERN_ERR "Action optional memory failure at %lx ignored\n", pfn);
> }
>
> +static void mce_process_ring(void)
> +{
> + unsigned long pfn;
> +
> + mce_notify_irq();
> + while (mce_ring_get(&pfn))
> + memory_failure(pfn, MCE_VECTOR);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Called after mce notification in process context. This code
> * is allowed to sleep. Call the high level VM handler to process
> * any corrupted pages.
> * Assume that the work queue code only calls this one at a time
> * per CPU.
> - * Note we don't disable preemption, so this code might run on the wrong
> - * CPU. In this case the event is picked up by the scheduled work queue.
> - * This is merely a fast path to expedite processing in some common
> - * cases.
> */
> -void mce_notify_process(void)
> +static void mce_do_notify(struct user_return_notifier *urn)
> {
> - unsigned long pfn;
> - mce_notify_irq();
> - while (mce_ring_get(&pfn))
> - memory_failure(pfn, MCE_VECTOR);
> + struct mce_notify *np = container_of(urn, struct mce_notify, urn);
> +
> + user_return_notifier_unregister(urn);
> + np->registered = 0;
> +
> + mce_process_ring();
> }

Now I'm reconsidering the MCE event notification mechanism.
One of something nervous is whether it is really required to process
"_AO" memory poisoning (i.e. mce_process_ring()) here in a process
context that unfortunately interrupted by MCE (or preempted after that).
I'm uncertain how long walking though the task_list for unmap will takes,
and not sure it is acceptable if the unlucky thread is a kind of latency
sensitive...

If we can move mce_process_ring() to worker thread completely, what
we have to do will be:
1) from NMI context, request non-NMI context by irq_work()
2) from (irq) context, wake up loggers and schedule work if required
3) from worker thread, process "_AO" memory poisoning etc.

So now question is why user_return_notifier is needed here.
Is it just an alternative of irq_work() for !LOCAL_APIC ?


Thanks,
H.Seto

>
> static void mce_process_work(struct work_struct *dummy)
> {
> - mce_notify_process();
> + mce_process_ring();
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE_INTEL
> @@ -1218,8 +1241,6 @@ int mce_notify_irq(void)
> /* Not more than two messages every minute */
> static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(ratelimit, 60*HZ, 2);
>
> - clear_thread_flag(TIF_MCE_NOTIFY);
> -
> if (test_and_clear_bit(0, &mce_need_notify)) {
> wake_up_interruptible(&mce_wait);
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
> index 4fd173c..44efc22 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
> @@ -838,12 +838,6 @@ static void do_signal(struct pt_regs *regs)
> void
> do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs, void *unused, __u32 thread_info_flags)
> {
> -#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
> - /* notify userspace of pending MCEs */
> - if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_MCE_NOTIFY)
> - mce_notify_process();
> -#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 && CONFIG_X86_MCE */
> -
> /* deal with pending signal delivery */
> if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING)
> do_signal(regs);



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