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Subject[PATCH V6 2/4 net-next] skbuff: Add userspace zero-copy buffers in skb
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This patch adds userspace buffers support in skb shared info. A new 
struct skb_ubuf_info is needed to maintain the userspace buffers
argument and index, a callback is used to notify userspace to release
the buffers once lower device has done DMA (Last reference to that skb
has gone).

If there is any userspace apps to reference these userspace buffers,
then these userspaces buffers will be copied into kernel. This way we
can prevent userspace apps to hold these userspace buffers too long.

Signed-off-by: Shirley Ma <xma@us.ibm.com>
---

include/linux/skbuff.h | 26 +++++++++++++++
net/core/skbuff.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/skbuff.h b/include/linux/skbuff.h
index d0ae90a..025de5c 100644
--- a/include/linux/skbuff.h
+++ b/include/linux/skbuff.h
@@ -189,6 +189,18 @@ enum {
SKBTX_DRV_NEEDS_SK_REF = 1 << 3,
};

+/*
+ * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in
+ * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this.
+ * The desc is used to track userspace buffer index.
+ */
+struct skb_ubuf_info {
+ /* support buffers allocation from userspace */
+ void (*callback)(struct sk_buff *);
+ void *arg;
+ size_t desc;
+};
+
/* This data is invariant across clones and lives at
* the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end.
*/
@@ -211,6 +223,10 @@ struct skb_shared_info {
/* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg
* remains valid until skb destructor */
void * destructor_arg;
+
+ /* DMA mapping from/to userspace buffers */
+ struct skb_ubuf_info ubuf;
+
/* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */
skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS];
};
@@ -2261,5 +2277,15 @@ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(struct sk_buff *skb)
}

bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off);
+
+/*
+ * skb_ubuf - is the buffer from userspace
+ * @skb: buffer to check
+ */
+static inline int skb_ubuf(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ return (skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback != NULL);
+}
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
diff --git a/net/core/skbuff.c b/net/core/skbuff.c
index 7ebeed0..890447c 100644
--- a/net/core/skbuff.c
+++ b/net/core/skbuff.c
@@ -210,6 +210,8 @@ struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_mask,
shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb);
memset(shinfo, 0, offsetof(struct skb_shared_info, dataref));
atomic_set(&shinfo->dataref, 1);
+ shinfo->ubuf.callback = NULL;
+ shinfo->ubuf.arg = NULL;
kmemcheck_annotate_variable(shinfo->destructor_arg);

if (fclone) {
@@ -328,6 +330,14 @@ static void skb_release_data(struct sk_buff *skb)
put_page(skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].page);
}

+ /*
+ * if skb buf is from userspace, we need to notify the caller
+ * the lower device DMA has done;
+ */
+ if (skb_ubuf(skb)) {
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback(skb);
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback = NULL;
+ }
if (skb_has_frag_list(skb))
skb_drop_fraglist(skb);

@@ -480,6 +490,9 @@ bool skb_recycle_check(struct sk_buff *skb, int skb_size)
if (irqs_disabled())
return false;

+ if (skb_ubuf(skb))
+ return false;
+
if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb->fclone != SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE)
return false;

@@ -572,6 +585,7 @@ static struct sk_buff *__skb_clone(struct sk_buff *n, struct sk_buff *skb)
atomic_set(&n->users, 1);

atomic_inc(&(skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref));
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback = NULL;
skb->cloned = 1;

return n;
@@ -595,6 +609,48 @@ struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(skb_morph);

+/* skb frags copy userspace buffers to kernel */
+static int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+ int i;
+ int num_frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags;
+ struct page *page, *head = NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_frags; i++) {
+ u8 *vaddr;
+ skb_frag_t *f = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i];
+
+ page = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!page) {
+ while (head) {
+ put_page(head);
+ head = (struct page *)head->private;
+ }
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ vaddr = kmap_skb_frag(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]);
+ memcpy(page_address(page), vaddr + f->page_offset, f->size);
+ kunmap_skb_frag(vaddr);
+ page->private = (unsigned long)head;
+ head = page;
+ }
+
+ /* skb frags release userspace buffers */
+ for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++)
+ put_page(skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].page);
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback(skb);
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback = NULL;
+
+ /* skb frags point to kernel buffers */
+ for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i > 0; i--) {
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1].page_offset = 0;
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1].page = head;
+ head = (struct page *)head->private;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
/**
* skb_clone - duplicate an sk_buff
* @skb: buffer to clone
@@ -613,6 +669,11 @@ struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct sk_buff *n;

+ if (skb_ubuf(skb)) {
+ if (skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask))
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
n = skb + 1;
if (skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG &&
n->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE) {
@@ -730,6 +791,12 @@ struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask)
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags) {
int i;

+ if (skb_ubuf(skb)) {
+ if (skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask)) {
+ kfree(n);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) {
skb_shinfo(n)->frags[i] = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i];
get_page(skb_shinfo(n)->frags[i].page);
@@ -743,6 +810,7 @@ struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask)
}

copy_skb_header(n, skb);
+
out:
return n;
}
@@ -787,7 +855,6 @@ int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail,
fastpath = true;
else {
int delta = skb->nohdr ? (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) + 1 : 1;
-
fastpath = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) == delta;
}

@@ -818,14 +885,19 @@ int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail,
if (fastpath) {
kfree(skb->head);
} else {
+ /* copy this zero copy skb frags */
+ if (skb_ubuf(skb)) {
+ if (skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask))
+ goto nofrags;
+ }
for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++)
get_page(skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].page);
-
if (skb_has_frag_list(skb))
skb_clone_fraglist(skb);

skb_release_data(skb);
}
+
off = (data + nhead) - skb->head;

skb->head = data;
@@ -852,6 +924,8 @@ adjust_others:
atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1);
return 0;

+nofrags:
+ kfree(data);
nodata:
return -ENOMEM;
}
@@ -1353,6 +1427,8 @@ int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len)
}
start = end;
}
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->ubuf.callback = NULL;
+
if (!len)
return 0;




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