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Subject[PATCH 12/19] ptrace: implement PTRACE_SEIZE
Date
PTRACE_ATTACH implicitly issues SIGSTOP on attach which has side
effects on tracee signal and job control states. This patch
implements a new ptrace request PTRACE_SEIZE which attaches and traps
tracee without affecting its signal and job control states.

The usage is the same with PTRACE_ATTACH but it takes PTRACE_SEIZE_*
flags in @data. Currently, the only defined flag is
PTRACE_SEIZE_DEVEL which is a temporary flag to enable PTRACE_SEIZE.
PTRACE_SEIZE will change ptrace behaviors outside of attach itself.
The changes will be implemented gradually and the DEVEL flag is to
prevent programs which expect full SEIZE behavior from using it before
all the behavior modifications are complete while allowing unit
testing. The flag will be removed once SEIZE behaviors are completely
implemented.

* PTRACE_SEIZE, unlike ATTACH, doesn't force tracee to trap. After
attaching tracee continues to run unless a trap condition occurs.

* PTRACE_SEIZE doesn't affect signal or group stop state.

* If PTRACE_SEIZE'd, group stop uses PTRACE_EVENT_STOP trap which uses
exit_code of (SIGTRAP | PTRACE_EVENT_STOP << 8) instead of the
stopping signal number and returns usual trap siginfo on
PTRACE_GETSIGINFO instead of NULL.

Note that there currently is no way to find out the stopping signal
number while seized. This will be improved by future patches.

Seizing sets PT_SEIZED in ->ptrace of the tracee. This flag will be
used to determine whether new SEIZE behaviors should be enabled.

Test program follows.

#define PTRACE_SEIZE 0x4206
#define PTRACE_SEIZE_DEVEL 0x80000000

static const struct timespec ts100ms = { .tv_nsec = 100000000 };
static const struct timespec ts1s = { .tv_sec = 1 };
static const struct timespec ts3s = { .tv_sec = 3 };

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
pid_t tracee;

tracee = fork();
if (tracee == 0) {
nanosleep(&ts100ms, NULL);
while (1) {
printf("tracee: alive\n");
nanosleep(&ts1s, NULL);
}
}

if (argc > 1)
kill(tracee, SIGSTOP);

nanosleep(&ts100ms, NULL);

ptrace(PTRACE_SEIZE, tracee, NULL,
(void *)(unsigned long)PTRACE_SEIZE_DEVEL);
if (argc > 1) {
waitid(P_PID, tracee, NULL, WSTOPPED);
ptrace(PTRACE_CONT, tracee, NULL, NULL);
}
nanosleep(&ts3s, NULL);
printf("tracer: exiting\n");
return 0;
}

When the above program is called w/o argument, tracee is seized while
running and remains running. When tracer exits, tracee continues to
run and print out messages.

# ./test-seize-simple
tracee: alive
tracee: alive
tracee: alive
tracer: exiting
tracee: alive
tracee: alive

When called with an argument, tracee is seized from stopped state and
continued, and returns to stopped state when tracer exits.

# ./test-seize
tracee: alive
tracee: alive
tracee: alive
tracer: exiting
# ps -el|grep test-seize
1 T 0 4720 1 0 80 0 - 941 signal ttyS0 00:00:00 test-seize

-v2: SEIZE doesn't schedule TRAP_STOP and leaves tracee running as Jan
suggested.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Jan Kratochvil <jan.kratochvil@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/ptrace.h | 7 +++++++
kernel/ptrace.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
kernel/signal.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
3 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ptrace.h b/include/linux/ptrace.h
index bde0be4..cfb6c97 100644
--- a/include/linux/ptrace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ptrace.h
@@ -47,6 +47,11 @@
#define PTRACE_GETREGSET 0x4204
#define PTRACE_SETREGSET 0x4205

+#define PTRACE_SEIZE 0x4206
+
+/* flags in @data for PTRACE_SEIZE */
+#define PTRACE_SEIZE_DEVEL 0x80000000 /* temp flag for development */
+
/* options set using PTRACE_SETOPTIONS */
#define PTRACE_O_TRACESYSGOOD 0x00000001
#define PTRACE_O_TRACEFORK 0x00000002
@@ -65,6 +70,7 @@
#define PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC 4
#define PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE 5
#define PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT 6
+#define PTRACE_EVENT_STOP 7

#include <asm/ptrace.h>

@@ -77,6 +83,7 @@
* flags. When the a task is stopped the ptracer owns task->ptrace.
*/

+#define PT_SEIZED 0x00010000 /* SEIZE used, enable new behavior */
#define PT_PTRACED 0x00000001
#define PT_DTRACE 0x00000002 /* delayed trace (used on m68k, i386) */
#define PT_TRACESYSGOOD 0x00000004
diff --git a/kernel/ptrace.c b/kernel/ptrace.c
index e75d335..132857a 100644
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -256,10 +256,28 @@ bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
return !err;
}

-static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task)
+static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
+ unsigned long flags)
{
+ bool seize = (request == PTRACE_SEIZE);
int retval;

+ /*
+ * SEIZE will enable new ptrace behaviors which will be implemented
+ * gradually. SEIZE_DEVEL is used to prevent applications
+ * expecting full SEIZE behaviors trapping on kernel commits which
+ * are still in the process of implementing them.
+ *
+ * Only test programs for new ptrace behaviors being implemented
+ * should set SEIZE_DEVEL. If unset, SEIZE will fail with -EIO.
+ *
+ * Once SEIZE behaviors are completely implemented, this flag and
+ * the following test will be removed.
+ */
+ retval = -EIO;
+ if (seize && !(flags & PTRACE_SEIZE_DEVEL))
+ goto out;
+
audit_ptrace(task);

retval = -EPERM;
@@ -291,11 +309,16 @@ static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task)
goto unlock_tasklist;

task->ptrace = PT_PTRACED;
+ if (seize)
+ task->ptrace |= PT_SEIZED;
if (task_ns_capable(task, CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
task->ptrace |= PT_PTRACE_CAP;

__ptrace_link(task, current);
- send_sig_info(SIGSTOP, SEND_SIG_FORCED, task);
+
+ /* SEIZE doesn't trap tracee on attach */
+ if (!seize)
+ send_sig_info(SIGSTOP, SEND_SIG_FORCED, task);

spin_lock(&task->sighand->siglock);

@@ -827,8 +850,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(ptrace, long, request, long, pid, unsigned long, addr,
goto out;
}

- if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
- ret = ptrace_attach(child);
+ if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH || request == PTRACE_SEIZE) {
+ ret = ptrace_attach(child, request, data);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
@@ -969,8 +992,8 @@ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ptrace(compat_long_t request, compat_long_t pid,
goto out;
}

- if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
- ret = ptrace_attach(child);
+ if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH || request == PTRACE_SEIZE) {
+ ret = ptrace_attach(child, request, data);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 38e7d2f..16cd311 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -1873,7 +1873,7 @@ static void ptrace_stop(int exit_code, int why, int clear_code, siginfo_t *info)
recalc_sigpending_tsk(current);
}

-void ptrace_notify(int exit_code)
+static void ptrace_do_notify(int exit_code, int why)
{
siginfo_t info;

@@ -1886,8 +1886,13 @@ void ptrace_notify(int exit_code)
info.si_uid = current_uid();

/* Let the debugger run. */
+ ptrace_stop(exit_code, why, 1, &info);
+}
+
+void ptrace_notify(int exit_code)
+{
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
- ptrace_stop(exit_code, CLD_TRAPPED, 1, &info);
+ ptrace_do_notify(exit_code, CLD_TRAPPED);
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
}

@@ -2113,14 +2118,25 @@ relock:
}

/*
- * Take care of ptrace jobctl traps. It currently is only used to
- * trap for group stop while ptraced.
+ * Take care of ptrace jobctl traps.
+ *
+ * When PT_SEIZED, it's used for both group stop and explicit
+ * SEIZE/INTERRUPT traps. Both generate PTRACE_EVENT_STOP trap
+ * with accompanying siginfo.
+ *
+ * When !PT_SEIZED, it's used only for group stop trap with stop
+ * signal number as exit_code and no siginfo.
*/
if (unlikely(current->jobctl & JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK)) {
- signr = current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK;
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!signr);
- ptrace_stop(signr, CLD_STOPPED, 0, NULL);
- current->exit_code = 0;
+ if (current->ptrace & PT_SEIZED) {
+ ptrace_do_notify(SIGTRAP | PTRACE_EVENT_STOP << 8,
+ CLD_STOPPED);
+ } else {
+ signr = current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!signr);
+ ptrace_stop(signr, CLD_STOPPED, 0, NULL);
+ current->exit_code = 0;
+ }
spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock);
goto relock;
}
--
1.7.1


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