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Subject[PATCH v5 1/8] x86-64: Clean up vdso/kernel shared variables
Date
Variables that are shared between the vdso and the kernel are
currently a bit of a mess. They are each defined with their own
magic, they are accessed differently in the kernel, the vsyscall page,
and the vdso, and one of them (vsyscall_clock) doesn't even really
exist.

This changes them all to use a common mechanism. All of them are
delcared in vvar.h with a fixed address (validated by the linker
script). In the kernel (as before), they look like ordinary
read-write variables. In the vsyscall page and the vdso, they are
accessed through a new macro VVAR, which gives read-only access.

The vdso is now loaded verbatim into memory without any fixups. As a
side bonus, access from the vdso is faster because a level of
indirection is removed.

While we're at it, pack jiffies and vgetcpu_mode into the same
cacheline.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@mit.edu>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h | 14 ----------
arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h | 2 -
arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h | 12 +-------
arch/x86/include/asm/vvar.h | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/time.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 4 +-
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 34 ++++++++-----------------
arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c | 46 +++++++++++++++-------------------
arch/x86/vdso/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c | 3 +-
arch/x86/vdso/vdso.lds.S | 7 -----
arch/x86/vdso/vextern.h | 16 ------------
arch/x86/vdso/vgetcpu.c | 3 +-
arch/x86/vdso/vma.c | 27 --------------------
arch/x86/vdso/vvar.c | 12 ---------
15 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 145 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/vvar.h
delete mode 100644 arch/x86/vdso/vextern.h
delete mode 100644 arch/x86/vdso/vvar.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
index 9064052..bb05228 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
@@ -1,20 +1,6 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_VDSO_H
#define _ASM_X86_VDSO_H

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-extern const char VDSO64_PRELINK[];
-
-/*
- * Given a pointer to the vDSO image, find the pointer to VDSO64_name
- * as that symbol is defined in the vDSO sources or linker script.
- */
-#define VDSO64_SYMBOL(base, name) \
-({ \
- extern const char VDSO64_##name[]; \
- (void *)(VDSO64_##name - VDSO64_PRELINK + (unsigned long)(base)); \
-})
-#endif
-
#if defined CONFIG_X86_32 || defined CONFIG_COMPAT
extern const char VDSO32_PRELINK[];

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
index 3d61e20..646b4c1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
@@ -23,8 +23,6 @@ struct vsyscall_gtod_data {
struct timespec wall_to_monotonic;
struct timespec wall_time_coarse;
};
-extern struct vsyscall_gtod_data __vsyscall_gtod_data
-__section_vsyscall_gtod_data;
extern struct vsyscall_gtod_data vsyscall_gtod_data;

#endif /* _ASM_X86_VGTOD_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
index d0983d2..d555973 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
@@ -16,27 +16,19 @@ enum vsyscall_num {
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/seqlock.h>

-#define __section_vgetcpu_mode __attribute__ ((unused, __section__ (".vgetcpu_mode"), aligned(16)))
-#define __section_jiffies __attribute__ ((unused, __section__ (".jiffies"), aligned(16)))
-
/* Definitions for CONFIG_GENERIC_TIME definitions */
-#define __section_vsyscall_gtod_data __attribute__ \
- ((unused, __section__ (".vsyscall_gtod_data"),aligned(16)))
-#define __section_vsyscall_clock __attribute__ \
- ((unused, __section__ (".vsyscall_clock"),aligned(16)))
#define __vsyscall_fn \
__attribute__ ((unused, __section__(".vsyscall_fn"))) notrace

#define VGETCPU_RDTSCP 1
#define VGETCPU_LSL 2

-extern int __vgetcpu_mode;
-extern volatile unsigned long __jiffies;
-
/* kernel space (writeable) */
extern int vgetcpu_mode;
extern struct timezone sys_tz;

+#include <asm/vvar.h>
+
extern void map_vsyscall(void);

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vvar.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vvar.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..341b355
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vvar.h
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+/*
+ * vvar.h: Shared vDSO/kernel variable declarations
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Andy Lutomirski
+ * Subject to the GNU General Public License, version 2
+ *
+ * A handful of variables are accessible (read-only) from userspace
+ * code in the vsyscall page and the vdso. They are declared here.
+ * Some other file must define them with DEFINE_VVAR.
+ *
+ * In normal kernel code, they are used like any other variable.
+ * In user code, they are accessed through the VVAR macro.
+ *
+ * Each of these variables lives in the vsyscall page, and each
+ * one needs a unique offset within the little piece of the page
+ * reserved for vvars. Specify that offset in DECLARE_VVAR.
+ * (There are 896 bytes available. If you mess up, the linker will
+ * catch it.)
+ */
+
+/* Offset of vars within vsyscall page */
+#define VSYSCALL_VARS_OFFSET (3072 + 128)
+
+#if defined(__VVAR_KERNEL_LDS)
+
+/* The kernel linker script defines its own magic to put vvars in the
+ * right place.
+ */
+#define DECLARE_VVAR(offset, type, name) \
+ EMIT_VVAR(name, VSYSCALL_VARS_OFFSET + offset)
+
+#else
+
+#define DECLARE_VVAR(offset, type, name) \
+ static type const * const vvaraddr_ ## name = \
+ (void *)(VSYSCALL_START + VSYSCALL_VARS_OFFSET + (offset));
+
+#define DEFINE_VVAR(type, name) \
+ type __vvar_ ## name \
+ __attribute__((section(".vsyscall_var_" #name), aligned(16)))
+
+#define VVAR(name) (*vvaraddr_ ## name)
+
+#endif
+
+/* DECLARE_VVAR(offset, type, name) */
+
+DECLARE_VVAR(0, volatile unsigned long, jiffies)
+DECLARE_VVAR(8, int, vgetcpu_mode)
+DECLARE_VVAR(128, struct vsyscall_gtod_data, vsyscall_gtod_data)
+
+#undef DECLARE_VVAR
+#undef VSYSCALL_VARS_OFFSET
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/time.c b/arch/x86/kernel/time.c
index 25a28a2..00cbb27 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/time.c
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@
#include <asm/time.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-volatile unsigned long __jiffies __section_jiffies = INITIAL_JIFFIES;
+DEFINE_VVAR(volatile unsigned long, jiffies) = INITIAL_JIFFIES;
#endif

unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
index 9335bf7..db697b8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
@@ -777,8 +777,8 @@ static cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_tsc(void)
ret = (cycle_t)vget_cycles();
rdtsc_barrier();

- return ret >= __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last ?
- ret : __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last;
+ return ret >= VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last ?
+ ret : VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
}
#endif

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 624a201..1432bd4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -161,6 +161,12 @@ SECTIONS

#define VVIRT_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0)
#define VVIRT(x) (ADDR(x) - VVIRT_OFFSET)
+#define EMIT_VVAR(x, offset) .vsyscall_var_ ## x \
+ ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + offset \
+ : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_var_ ## x)) { \
+ *(.vsyscall_var_ ## x) \
+ } \
+ x = VVIRT(.vsyscall_var_ ## x);

. = ALIGN(4096);
__vsyscall_0 = .;
@@ -175,18 +181,6 @@ SECTIONS
*(.vsyscall_fn)
}

- . = ALIGN(L1_CACHE_BYTES);
- .vsyscall_gtod_data : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_gtod_data)) {
- *(.vsyscall_gtod_data)
- }
-
- vsyscall_gtod_data = VVIRT(.vsyscall_gtod_data);
- .vsyscall_clock : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_clock)) {
- *(.vsyscall_clock)
- }
- vsyscall_clock = VVIRT(.vsyscall_clock);
-
-
.vsyscall_1 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 1024: AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_1)) {
*(.vsyscall_1)
}
@@ -194,21 +188,14 @@ SECTIONS
*(.vsyscall_2)
}

- .vgetcpu_mode : AT(VLOAD(.vgetcpu_mode)) {
- *(.vgetcpu_mode)
- }
- vgetcpu_mode = VVIRT(.vgetcpu_mode);
-
- . = ALIGN(L1_CACHE_BYTES);
- .jiffies : AT(VLOAD(.jiffies)) {
- *(.jiffies)
- }
- jiffies = VVIRT(.jiffies);
-
.vsyscall_3 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 3072: AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_3)) {
*(.vsyscall_3)
}

+#define __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
+#include <asm/vvar.h>
+#undef __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
+
. = __vsyscall_0 + PAGE_SIZE;

#undef VSYSCALL_ADDR
@@ -216,6 +203,7 @@ SECTIONS
#undef VLOAD
#undef VVIRT_OFFSET
#undef VVIRT
+#undef EMIT_VVAR

#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
index dcbb28c..5f6ad03 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
@@ -49,15 +49,8 @@
__attribute__ ((unused, __section__(".vsyscall_" #nr))) notrace
#define __syscall_clobber "r11","cx","memory"

-/*
- * vsyscall_gtod_data contains data that is :
- * - readonly from vsyscalls
- * - written by timer interrupt or systcl (/proc/sys/kernel/vsyscall64)
- * Try to keep this structure as small as possible to avoid cache line ping pongs
- */
-int __vgetcpu_mode __section_vgetcpu_mode;
-
-struct vsyscall_gtod_data __vsyscall_gtod_data __section_vsyscall_gtod_data =
+DEFINE_VVAR(int, vgetcpu_mode);
+DEFINE_VVAR(struct vsyscall_gtod_data, vsyscall_gtod_data) =
{
.lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED,
.sysctl_enabled = 1,
@@ -97,7 +90,7 @@ void update_vsyscall(struct timespec *wall_time, struct timespec *wtm,
*/
static __always_inline void do_get_tz(struct timezone * tz)
{
- *tz = __vsyscall_gtod_data.sys_tz;
+ *tz = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sys_tz;
}

static __always_inline int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
@@ -126,23 +119,24 @@ static __always_inline void do_vgettimeofday(struct timeval * tv)
unsigned long mult, shift, nsec;
cycle_t (*vread)(void);
do {
- seq = read_seqbegin(&__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock);
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock);

- vread = __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.vread;
- if (unlikely(!__vsyscall_gtod_data.sysctl_enabled || !vread)) {
+ vread = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.vread;
+ if (unlikely(!VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sysctl_enabled ||
+ !vread)) {
gettimeofday(tv,NULL);
return;
}

now = vread();
- base = __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last;
- mask = __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mask;
- mult = __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mult;
- shift = __vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.shift;
+ base = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
+ mask = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.mask;
+ mult = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.mult;
+ shift = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.shift;

- tv->tv_sec = __vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_sec;
- nsec = __vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_nsec;
- } while (read_seqretry(&__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock, seq));
+ tv->tv_sec = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_sec;
+ nsec = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_nsec;
+ } while (read_seqretry(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock, seq));

/* calculate interval: */
cycle_delta = (now - base) & mask;
@@ -171,15 +165,15 @@ time_t __vsyscall(1) vtime(time_t *t)
{
unsigned seq;
time_t result;
- if (unlikely(!__vsyscall_gtod_data.sysctl_enabled))
+ if (unlikely(!VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sysctl_enabled))
return time_syscall(t);

do {
- seq = read_seqbegin(&__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock);
+ seq = read_seqbegin(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock);

- result = __vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_sec;
+ result = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_sec;

- } while (read_seqretry(&__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock, seq));
+ } while (read_seqretry(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock, seq));

if (t)
*t = result;
@@ -208,9 +202,9 @@ vgetcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *tcache)
We do this here because otherwise user space would do it on
its own in a likely inferior way (no access to jiffies).
If you don't like it pass NULL. */
- if (tcache && tcache->blob[0] == (j = __jiffies)) {
+ if (tcache && tcache->blob[0] == (j = VVAR(jiffies))) {
p = tcache->blob[1];
- } else if (__vgetcpu_mode == VGETCPU_RDTSCP) {
+ } else if (VVAR(vgetcpu_mode) == VGETCPU_RDTSCP) {
/* Load per CPU data from RDTSCP */
native_read_tscp(&p);
} else {
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
index b6552b1..a651861 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ vdso-install-$(VDSO32-y) += $(vdso32-images)


# files to link into the vdso
-vobjs-y := vdso-note.o vclock_gettime.o vgetcpu.o vvar.o
+vobjs-y := vdso-note.o vclock_gettime.o vgetcpu.o

# files to link into kernel
obj-$(VDSO64-y) += vma.o vdso.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
index ee55754..0b873d4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
@@ -22,9 +22,8 @@
#include <asm/hpet.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
-#include "vextern.h"

-#define gtod vdso_vsyscall_gtod_data
+#define gtod (&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data))

notrace static long vdso_fallback_gettime(long clock, struct timespec *ts)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/x86/vdso/vdso.lds.S
index 4e5dd3b..81f2500 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vdso.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vdso.lds.S
@@ -28,10 +28,3 @@ VERSION {
}

VDSO64_PRELINK = VDSO_PRELINK;
-
-/*
- * Define VDSO64_x for each VEXTERN(x), for use via VDSO64_SYMBOL.
- */
-#define VEXTERN(x) VDSO64_ ## x = vdso_ ## x;
-#include "vextern.h"
-#undef VEXTERN
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vextern.h b/arch/x86/vdso/vextern.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 1683ba2..0000000
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vextern.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,16 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef VEXTERN
-#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
-#define VEXTERN(x) \
- extern typeof(x) *vdso_ ## x __attribute__((visibility("hidden")));
-#endif
-
-#define VMAGIC 0xfeedbabeabcdefabUL
-
-/* Any kernel variables used in the vDSO must be exported in the main
- kernel's vmlinux.lds.S/vsyscall.h/proper __section and
- put into vextern.h and be referenced as a pointer with vdso prefix.
- The main kernel later fills in the values. */
-
-VEXTERN(jiffies)
-VEXTERN(vgetcpu_mode)
-VEXTERN(vsyscall_gtod_data)
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vgetcpu.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vgetcpu.c
index 9fbc6b2..5463ad5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vgetcpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vgetcpu.c
@@ -11,14 +11,13 @@
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/vgtod.h>
-#include "vextern.h"

notrace long
__vdso_getcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *unused)
{
unsigned int p;

- if (*vdso_vgetcpu_mode == VGETCPU_RDTSCP) {
+ if (VVAR(vgetcpu_mode) == VGETCPU_RDTSCP) {
/* Load per CPU data from RDTSCP */
native_read_tscp(&p);
} else {
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vma.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vma.c
index 4b5d26f..7abd2be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vma.c
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vma.c
@@ -15,9 +15,6 @@
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/vdso.h>

-#include "vextern.h" /* Just for VMAGIC. */
-#undef VEXTERN
-
unsigned int __read_mostly vdso_enabled = 1;

extern char vdso_start[], vdso_end[];
@@ -26,20 +23,10 @@ extern unsigned short vdso_sync_cpuid;
static struct page **vdso_pages;
static unsigned vdso_size;

-static inline void *var_ref(void *p, char *name)
-{
- if (*(void **)p != (void *)VMAGIC) {
- printk("VDSO: variable %s broken\n", name);
- vdso_enabled = 0;
- }
- return p;
-}
-
static int __init init_vdso_vars(void)
{
int npages = (vdso_end - vdso_start + PAGE_SIZE - 1) / PAGE_SIZE;
int i;
- char *vbase;

vdso_size = npages << PAGE_SHIFT;
vdso_pages = kmalloc(sizeof(struct page *) * npages, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -54,20 +41,6 @@ static int __init init_vdso_vars(void)
copy_page(page_address(p), vdso_start + i*PAGE_SIZE);
}

- vbase = vmap(vdso_pages, npages, 0, PAGE_KERNEL);
- if (!vbase)
- goto oom;
-
- if (memcmp(vbase, "\177ELF", 4)) {
- printk("VDSO: I'm broken; not ELF\n");
- vdso_enabled = 0;
- }
-
-#define VEXTERN(x) \
- *(typeof(__ ## x) **) var_ref(VDSO64_SYMBOL(vbase, x), #x) = &__ ## x;
-#include "vextern.h"
-#undef VEXTERN
- vunmap(vbase);
return 0;

oom:
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vvar.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vvar.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 1b7e703..0000000
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vvar.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,12 +0,0 @@
-/* Define pointer to external vDSO variables.
- These are part of the vDSO. The kernel fills in the real addresses
- at boot time. This is done because when the vdso is linked the
- kernel isn't yet and we don't know the final addresses. */
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
-#include <linux/time.h>
-#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
-#include <asm/timex.h>
-#include <asm/vgtod.h>
-
-#define VEXTERN(x) typeof (__ ## x) *const vdso_ ## x = (void *)VMAGIC;
-#include "vextern.h"
--
1.7.5.1


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