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SubjectRe: [RFC] x86, NMI, Treat unknown NMI as hardware error
On 05/17/2011 04:53 PM, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Huang Ying <> wrote:
>> On 05/16/2011 07:29 PM, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>>> * Don Zickus <> wrote:
>>>> On Fri, May 13, 2011 at 05:20:33PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>>>>> * huang ying <> wrote:
>>>>>>> What should be done instead is to add an event for unknown NMIs, which can
>>>>>>> then be processed by the RAS daemon to implement policy.
>>>>>>> By using 'active' event filters it could even be set on a system to panic
>>>>>>> the box by default.
>>>>>> If there is real fatal hardware error, maybe we have no luxury to go from NMI
>>>>>> handler to user space RAS daemon to determine what to do. System may explode,
>>>>>> bad data may go to disk before that.
>>>>> That is why i suggested:
>>>>> > > By using 'active' event filters it could even be set on a system to panic
>>>>> > > the box by default.
>>>>> event filters are evaluated in the kernel, so the panic could be instantaneous,
>>>>> without the event having to reach user-space.
>>>> Interesting. Question though, what do you mean by 'event filtering'. Is
>>>> that different then setting 'unknown_nmi_panic' panic on the commandline or
>>>> procfs?
>>>> Or are you suggesting something like registering another callback on the
>>>> die_chain that looks for DIE_NMIUNKNOWN as the event, swallows them and
>>>> implements the policy? That way only on HEST related platforms would
>>>> register them while others would keep the default of 'Dazed and confused'
>>>> messages?
>>> The idea is that "event filters", which are an existing upstream feature and
>>> which can be used in rather flexible ways:
>>> Could be used to trigger non-standard policy action as well - such as to panic
>>> the box.
>>> This would replace various very limited /debugfs and /sys event filtering hacks
>>> (and hardcoded policies) such as arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-severity.c, and
>>> it would allow nonstandard behavior like 'panic the box on unknown NMIs' as
>>> well.
>>> This could be set by the RAS daemon, and it could be propagated to the kernel
>>> boot line as well, where event filter syntax would look like this:
>>> events=nmi::unknown"if (reason == 0) panic();"
>>> (Where the 'reason' field of the NMI event is the current legacy 'reason' value
>>> there.)
>>> The filter code would have to be modified to be able to recognize the panic()
>>> bit, but that's desirable anyway and it is a one-time effort.
>>> This:
>>> events=nmi::unknown:"if (reason == 0) ignore();"
>>> would be a possible outcome as well, on certain boxes - to skip certain events.
>> We can determine whether NMI is unknown in kernel now. If you want to push
>> all unknown NMI logic into user space (although I don't think that is the
>> best solution), is it not sufficient that just check system in user space
>> (via PCI ID or DMI ID, etc) and set existing "unknown_nmi_panic" accordingly?
> yeah - no need to push the 'reason' if it's not needed.
> We want the kernel defaults to be sane - i.e. this is not to 'push' anything to
> user-space in a forced way, this is to make *optional*, different policy action
> possible to configure.

OK. Then, what is the proper default behavior? We think Linux kernel
should treat unknown NMI as hardware error reporting, at least on some
modern machines (via a white list). Do you agree?

Best Regards,
Huang Ying

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