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SubjectRe: [PATCH] sched: fix/optimise calculation of weight-inverse

* Stephan Bärwolf <stephan.baerwolf@tu-ilmenau.de> wrote:

> If the inverse loadweight should be zero, function "calc_delta_mine"
> calculates the inverse of "lw->weight" (in 32bit integer ops).
>
> This calculation is actually a little bit impure (because it is
> inverting something around "lw-weight"+1), especially when
> "lw->weight" becomes smaller. (This could explain some aritmetical
> issues for small shares...)
>
> The correct inverse would be 1/lw->weight multiplied by
> "WMULT_CONST" for fixcomma-scaling it into integers.
> (So WMULT_CONST/lw->weight ...)
>
> For safety it is also important to check if division by zero
> could happen...
>
> The old, impure algorithm took two divisions for inverting lw->weight,
> the new, more exact one only takes one and an additional unlikely-if.
>
> Signed-off-by: Stephan Baerwolf <stephan.baerwolf@tu-ilmenau.de>
> ---
> kernel/sched.c | 12 +++++++++---
> 1 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
> index 312f8b9..bb55996 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched.c
> @@ -1307,15 +1307,21 @@ calc_delta_mine(unsigned long delta_exec,
> unsigned long weight,
> {
> u64 tmp;
>
> + tmp = (u64)delta_exec * weight;
> +
> + // actually we would have to trap - division by zero - but we stay
> and pretend the limit of the operation...
> + if (unlikely(lw->weight == 0)) {
> + if (unlikely(tmp == ((u64)0))) return (unsigned long)0;
> + else return (unsigned long)LONG_MAX;

Can lw->weight ever be zero here? I dont think so - and if it is then getting a
kernel crash there is preferred to hiding it.

Once we do that your patch becomes a lot simpler.

> + }
> +
> if (!lw->inv_weight) {
> if (BITS_PER_LONG > 32 && unlikely(lw->weight >= WMULT_CONST))
> lw->inv_weight = 1;
> else
> - lw->inv_weight = 1 + (WMULT_CONST-lw->weight/2)
> - / (lw->weight+1);
> + lw->inv_weight = WMULT_CONST / lw->weight;

hm, i definitely think there was a rounding reason for that - but apparently
i'm an idiot who does not add comments to non-obvious code! :-)

Peter, do you remember this?

> }
>
> - tmp = (u64)delta_exec * weight;

I agree that moving this multiplication early in the sequence is better for
micro-performance regardless of the lw->weight optimization you do: it can be
executed in parallel.

Thanks,

Ingo
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